Gina Frack Handouts - Kansas Public Health Association

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Pioneering a New Frontier In Public
Health
Kansas Public Health Association Annual Fall Conference
September 21st and 22nd, 2011
Gina Frack RN, BS
Norton County Health Department
Preparing for Accreditation
“Do not go where the path may lead. Go instead where there is
no path and leave a trail.” - Emerson
Norton County Health Department
•“Where” we are and “Who” we are
•Why we applied to be a Beta Site
•Challenges for small LHDs
•Challenges for Kansas
•Thoughts on thriving!!
Kansas Public Health System
•Decentralized Governance = “home rule” (26 states)
•LHD jurisdiction is most often by county
•County Commissioners are also often the Board of Health
•105 counties with a LHD in nearly every county
Norton Co. Health Dept.
(est. in 1975)
PRN Home Health Agency
(est. in 1977)
 WIC
 Only Medicare certified home health
 Family Planning
 KS Breast & Cervical Cancer Program
 Immunizations
 Maternal & Infant Program
 Healthy Start Home Visitor
 Certified Breastfeeding Educators and
breast pumps
 Disease Surveillance & Epi (dog bites,
head lice, “housing authority”)
 Health lifestyle promotion
 Public health response for disasters
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agency in county
Nurse level care – wounds, IV therapy,
teaching of new disease/conditions
Physical Therapy
Home health aide care – housekeeping,
personal care, food prep and errands
Newborn teaching and assessment for
high risk infants
Serve Norton and surrounding Kansas
Counties
CARE assessments
Medication management
Finances for 2010 CY
Local tax support
($68,413)
comprises 13%-15%
of our total annual
revenue.
Of the grants, only
$7,000 of the total
funds came from
state funding
(KDHE).
180000
160000
140000
120000
100000
80000
60000
Income
Categories
40000
20000
The majority of our
revenue comes from
direct client services
as seen in the fee for
service & PRN HH.
0
Grants
Fee for
Service
Tax
Support
PRN
Home
Health
Norton County Health Department
1930’s (county population of 11,701)
Norton County In The Present……
•County population of 5,353 (2010 US Census Bureau)
•Nearly 20% of the population is > 65 y/o
•93.3% white
•3.3% are non-English speaking
•2 School Districts
•Economic base is 47% agriculture with remaining coming
from KDOC, KDOT, private business’ corporate offices and
manufacturing
Why Be A Beta Site?
Reactive = Fear
 How would a “one size fits
all” approach affect truly
small LHDs?
 Would accreditation really
improve what we do or just
“thin the herd” ?
 Will we be forced to all do
the same programs and
services?
 Will funding be affected?
Proactive = Control
 Be a “vocal local”
 We had been asked to be
an alpha site so it was
logical to then apply to be
a beta
 Addressing challenges of
providing public health in
rural America may provide
infrastructure model for
the future
Use what is:
•feasible
•logical
•familiar and
•accessible to
all necessary
staff.
Part A
Domain 1
Domain 2
Domain 3
Domain 4
NWBT Mtg
Minutes
3/2010
NCCOAOD
Mtg Minutes
2/2010
Measure
4.1.1
NWBT
Workplan
2009-2010
Beta Lessons Learned
 Meeting standards are doable and reasonable
 Focus in on what is being done to meet a standard/measure,
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NOT how or by whom
The true benefits of accreditation is in striving to achieve it,
not just attaining it.
Depending on your SHD to LHD relationships, there can be
varying gaps that will need to be met before either can
achieve accreditation (forces this relationship to strengthen
and improve)
Document, document, document!! !
QI can become a part of a LHD’s culture, but it takes time
Progression of QI
 First – QI Projects
 Second – Build the Bridge towards a QI Culture
QI
“Projects”
QI
Culture
“Bridging” will involve local, state
and federal level efforts.
#7
#6
Local Health Department
State
10
Evidence Based
#8
#9
QI
Workforce
#5
Access
Enforce
#4
Develop P&P
#3
Engage
#2
Inform & Educate
#1
Investigations
CHA
“Bar” of Accreditation
Our Next Steps:
Required to Apply for
National Accreditation
Concentrating on these biggest “building
blocks” to get us closer to meeting the “bar”
set by the standards.
Strategic Plan
Community Health Improvement Plan
(CHIP)
Community Health Assessment
Preparedness
MCH
WIC
The “silos” will
still exist for
funding reasons,
but accreditation
being based upon
the “10 Essential
Services” is
reshaping how we
now think of
public health in
the U.S.
Family Planning
Accreditation’s Effect on the
Perception of Public Health
New Way of “Seeing” Public Health
WIC
#7: Access to
Healthcare
#2: Investigate Health
Problems
#3: Health Education
What we “do” no longer defines us.
10 Essential Services
 Domain #1: Conduct assessments
 Domain #2: Investigate health problems
 Domain #3: Inform and educate
 Domain #4: Engage the community
 Domain #5: Develop policies and plans
 Domain #6: Enforce public health laws and regulations
 Domain #7: Improve access to health care services
 Domain #8: Maintain competent workforce
 Domain #9: Continuously improve
 Domain #10: Apply evidence base of public health
Due to many factors in
Kansas rural/frontier
LHDs are at risk to exist
in a state of “surviving”
rather than “thriving”.
When your focus is just
to get through today, it’s
nearly impossible to
prioritize something as
long-term, time intensive
and broad spectrum as
accreditation.
Thriving
Growing
Surviving
Challenges to “Smalls”
• Lack of time, skills, training and resources (people
•
•
•
•
•
and/or things)
Sustainability
Money
State to local relationship
Level of understanding and/or support of
accreditation varies greatly within public health
Small LHDs wear so many, many hats……
Accreditation Coordinator (AC)
 Consider designating one person to oversee the overall process
 Dive into the Accreditation Version 1.0
 For our LHD, the AC was the Administrator who is also the
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Chief Financial Officer
Public Information Officer
Human Resources Director
RN
Disease Investigator
“Float Nurse” and resident expert for those questions and
situations no one else knows the answer or wants to deal
with 
Effects of Accreditation
Due to the
continual
depopulation of
rural America,
accreditation
may also be the
catalyst for the
rural public
health
infrastructure
to be recreated.
 Provides potential to truly improve
public health
 May inadvertently create wider
gaps between LHDs that can from
those that cannot
 Key is to NOT focus on
accreditation, but rather on the
“baby steps” to get there
NCHD and PRN Home Health Agency Crew
March 2011
Accreditation Is A Journey......
National accreditation is new to us all, both big and small.
Regardless of actually attaining it, it’s the pursuit of it that will improve what we do.
Thank You!!
Gina Frack
785-877-5745
[email protected]
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