1. Sit down silently 2. In your Composition Book, answer the following questions (DO NOT WRITE THE QUESITON): 1. Who was the founder of Judaism? 2. What does it mean to be monotheistic? 3. Who received the 10 commandments? Who gave him the 10 commandments? 4. What is the holy book of Judaism called? Homework: NONE! Enjoy your evening. The Story of the Israelites Intro: • Around 1,200BC a people called the Israelites (or Hebrews) set up a small kingdom in a place called Canaan, between Mesopotamia and Egypt. The modern country Israel is located where Canaan was. In Egypt… • The Israelites left Canaan because of a terrible famine. • They were at first welcomed into Egypt • A new pharaoh came to power and enslaved the Israelites https://www.youtu be.com/watch?v=6 ds9y3lJGig [6:11 minutes] God Speaks • God then commanded Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. • This migration of people is known as the Exodus. Check & Discuss… • • • • What was burning? What was the message God told Moses? What did he give Moses? What did he say when Moses said “he couldn’t do it” • Is he going to hope Moses can do this by himself? Moses tries to make Ramses understand.. • Attempt #1: on the boat, Moses tells Ramses to let his people go. – Cause: Ramses mocks him and laughs – Effect: Moses uses his staff and turns the water into blood. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= QheBrhFRZP0 [2:22 minutes] Check For Understanding • Based on what we’ve learned about Ramses, why do you think he will not let the people go? • Why does he need them as slaves? Moses tries…again… • Attempt #2: Ramses still refuses to let the Israelites free. – Effect: Moses uses the power of god to let millions of frogs & locusts to run free to infest Egypt. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0Nm0vf 1W9Q [2:47 minutes] Check For Understanding • What did you see was the effect of the Locusts on the people living in Egypt? Yup, Moses tries AGAIN! • Ramses continues to ignore Moses’ wishes, so a spirit it sent to kill the first born of the people in Egypt. Unless they have blood (of a lamb) painted li above their door. Ramses’ son dies • Ramses’ son dies • He decides this has gone long enough, and frees the Israelites. • On their journey to freedom, the Egyptians attack them one last time and push the Israelites all the way to the sea. • At this point the Israelites are cornered, with no where to go…. Eventually Ramses lets Moses and the Israelites leave Egypt. • He parts the Sea and they go on their journey. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6 ZjgH0H7DkE&NR=1 Beginning – 2:45 After leaving Egypt… • The Israelites wandered the Sinai Desert for 40 years. • Moses climbed the mountain and God spoke to him, giving him two stone tablets. – These had the 10 commandments on them DO NOW • In your Composition Book, write ONLY THE ANSWERS to these questions: – 1. Who was Moses and what did he do? (two answers) – 2. What is the religion we’re learning about that associates Moses with it? – 3. What are the people called who follow Judaism? – 4. Using your knowledge from yesterday and today, why were the Egyptians so against Judaism? HOMEWORK: Vocabulary sheet DUE TOMORROW, answers must be FROM THE TEXT BOOK. Joshua • Moses chose Joshua to lead the Israelites back to Canaan. • Many years had passed and new people lived in Canaan. • It took the Israelites 200 years to win back Canaan. During War… • There was no single powerful leader, they had judges, to highly respected men of the community. • The judges kept the Israelites united Fighting Ends • The tribes were divided into 12 and they started farming & herding Monotheism? Judaism? • The Israelites belief in one god set them apart from others. • People were not accepting of this new religion • In 1029BC a group called the Philistines invaded and conquered the Israelite territory. Unite • The Israelites united under one king named Saul to fight the Philistines. • Saul became ill and died, so the Israelites needed a new leader. David • Samuel, a major judge, chose David to be the next king. • David won control of Israel and had his son Solomon succeed him. • Solomon built a famous temple in Jerusalem. Rehoboam • Solomon’s son Rehoboam became king. • The Israelites faced threats from the Assyrians, who conquered Israel. • The Assyrians were taken over by the Babylonians. Babylonian Captivity • The Babylonians took the Israelites and called them the Jews. • The Jews hoped and searched for a “Messiah” or anointed one to save them. The Temple is Rebuilt • The Persians then conquered Babylon • A King called Cyrus tolerated the religious beliefs of the “Jews” • Instead of destroying the Jewish temple, Cyrus would kneel down and pray. • Cyrus freed the Jewish exiles Rebuilding the Temple • Under Persian rule, the Jews rebuilt Jerusalem and were forever grateful to Cyrus [Cyrus Cylinder].