# 4361t5_sampleproblems

```Test 5 practice problems
Problem 1
Mason, Inc. uses a standard costing system. Overhead costs are allocated based on
direct labor hours. The standard variable overhead and fixed overhead rates are \$1 and
\$5 per direct labor hour, respectively. Data relevant for the current period include:
Direct materials purchased
50,000 lbs. @ \$12 per lb.
Direct materials used
49,000 lbs.
Budgeted production
11,800 units
Actual production
12,000 units
Standard quantity of direct materials 3.75 lbs.
Direct materials standard price
\$12.50 per lb.
Direct labor costs incurred
75,000 hours @ \$12 per hour
Direct labor standard
6.4 hours
Standard direct labor cost
\$11 per hour
\$77,070
\$181,000
1.
2.
3.
4.
How much overhead was applied during the year?
Calculate all direct labor, direct materials, and overhead variances.
Assuming a 1.4% materiality threshold, identify which variances should be
investigated under management by exception.
5. Identify who is responsible for each variance.
Problem 2
Finish-It-Yourself Furniture Company manufactures replicas of antique oak filing
cabinets. Additional information is as follows:
Selling price
\$500 per filing cabinet
Variable production cost
\$170 per filing cabinet
Fixed production costs
\$8,000 per month
Variable selling and administration \$20 per filing cabinet
\$3,000 per month
a. In good form, prepare a variable costing income statement for a month in
which 100 filing cabinets are manufactured and 90 are sold, if the firm uses
variable costing. Assume no beginning inventory.
b. In good form, prepare an absorption costing income statement for a month
100 filing cabinets are manufactured and 90 are sold, if the firm uses
absorption costing and actual costing. Assume no beginning inventory.
c. What is the cost assigned to ending inventory under each of the above
costing methods?
d. Explain the differences between the two ending inventory valuations (do not
perform a computation for this answer).
e. Prepare a reconcile of operating incomes between variable costing and
absorption costing.
f. If the manager of Finish-It-Yourself Furniture Company is given a bonus
based on income, which type of costing income statement would you
recommend for evaluating manager performance? Justify your choice.
Problem 3
A company believes it can sell 2,000,000 units of its proposed new can opener at a
price of \$16.00 each.
A. If the company desires to make a markup of 30% on cost, how much is the target
cost per can opener?
B. If the company desires to make a markup of 30% on selling price, how much is
the target cost per can opener?
Problem 4
A company believes it can sell 500,000 of its proposed new laser mouse at a price of
\$11.00 each There will be \$800,000 in fixed costs associated with the mouse. If the
company desires to make a profit \$200,000, how much is the target variable cost per
mouse?
```