N2N6 Information Dominance Story (140204)

February 2014
N2/N6 PB-15 Information Dominance Storylines
Navy’s Information Dominance is focused on providing:
Robust and agile command and control in all operating environments
Superior knowledge of the current and predicted Battlespace, and
The ability to project power through both kinetic and non-kinetic means, which includes
networks, cyber, and the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
We refer to these three core elements of Information Dominance as Assured C2, Battlespace
Awareness and Integrated Fires, respectively. Moreover, we organized and prioritized our
FY15 Information Dominance portfolio investments (over 200 separate programs valued at
$X.XB) according to these elements as well as Defense Strategic Guidance objectives. My
remarks on Navy Information Dominance are likewise arranged in this manner.
Through the core elements, Information Dominance not only facilitates decision superiority, it
provides us with asymmetric advantage in all warfighting domains, enhances the lethality of our
deployed forces, and provides non-kinetic options that increase our tactical and operational
versatility. The elements also correspond to the Navy’s three tenets of Warfighting First,
Operate Forward, and Be Ready.
Operate Forward: Enabling freedom of maneuver in the EM spectrum and assuring the
ability to direct operations and coordinate actions in contested environments overseas is
paramount for successful operations forward. Additionally, our evolving ISR capabilities
contribute to Battlespace Awareness by delivering information on the threat and physical
environments world-wide. Connectivity to the Global Information Grid allows us to
operate forward. What’s more, the global disposition of our forces contributes essential
information (e.g., weather, intelligence, etc.) for distribution to forces forward.
Warfighting First: With this enhanced Battlespace Awareness and Assured C2,
commanders are able to definitively assess threats and determine their most efficient and
effective course(s) of action using the increased range of kinetic weapons and non-kinetic
effects available to them.
Be Ready: Maintaining a continuously refreshed awareness of the operating
environment gives us the advantage of foreknowledge, which facilitates our ability to
prepare and coordinate well in advance of forward operations.
Assured C2 enables the issuing of orders to distributed forces as well as the coordination of
maneuver and fires across the warfighting domains (air, land, sea, space, cyberspace). It
provides the ability to continually monitor the status of our forces and assess the effectiveness of
our fires. It is indispensable to our Operate Forward tenet, and focuses on securely networking
naval forces in any threat environment, contested or otherwise Achieving Assured C2 requires
an increasingly robust, protected, resilient and reliable information infrastructure afloat, ashore
and overseas.
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Protected Transport: A critical precursor for providing Assured C2 is maintaining a protected
transport infrastructure that securely links forces ashore, afloat, and aloft in permissive,
contested, and highly contested/denied C2 environments. Our modernization programs forming
this infrastructure include:
Automated Digital Networking System Increment III - Securely, dynamically, and
rapidly routes large amounts data between shore stations and forward deployed ships, and
Navy Multiband Terminal – The mechanism for moving data to and from the widening
array of Satellite Communications links
Battle Force Tactical Network - Improves the ability of ships to share data directly with
each other over Line of Sight and Beyond Line of Sight ranges, and
Network Tactical Common Data Link - Improves the connectivity of ships and aircraft
over greater distances
Mobile Objective User System – Satellite communications constellation providing
greater mobility, higher data rates, and increased availability worldwide
Resilient Networks: Another key component of Assured C2 is developing and fielding resilient
networks that withstand the barrage of attacks we see today and expect will grow in the future.
We are increasing the integration and interoperability of the sea and shore segments of our
Information Dominance Enterprise Architecture through the use of technologies such as Cloud
Computing. These efforts align with DoD’s Joint Information Environment and the Intelligence
Community’s Information Technology Enterprise frameworks. We will improve mission
performance, enhance information security, and gain resource efficiency through:
Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services - Replaces several of our legacy
ship and submarine unclassified and classified networks, and
Next Generation Enterprise Network - Replaces our legacy Navy and Marine Corps
Intranet and Overseas Navy Enterprise Network
Assured Positioning, Navigation, & Timing (PNT): Provides for the safety of navigation,
targeting, and command and control across all of our platforms and systems. Our initiatives
in this area include:
Accelerating the fielding of new shipboard PNT sensing and integration capabilities
Working with the Office of Secretary of Defense to modernize and 'harden' the timing
system infrastructure at critical DoD nodes, and
Increasing the Navy’s investment in astrometry and earth orientation that is critical to the
daily operation of DoD and Navy Command, Control, Communications, Computers,
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance systems, to include the Global Positioning
Freedom of Action in the EM spectrum: To be successful in future conflicts we must maintain
the ability to maneuver in the EM spectrum in order to support our own operations and maneuver
against the adversary. The emerging Real Time Spectrum Operations system will help us
achieve these objectives by allowing us to monitor the spectrum continuously, identify conflicts,
February 2014
determine solutions, and differentiate between unintentional interference and intentional
jamming. Additionally, it will enable:
Awareness of our spectrum footprint
Understanding of what adversary and neutral emitters are radiating in our vicinity
Avoidance of interference with our own systems
Greater warfighting utility and advantage in the way we operate in the spectrum
We must attain and maintain a superior knowledge of the battlespace, to include the physical
environment, the EM spectrum, and the disposition and intentions of our potential adversaries.
This requires immediate and continuous access to essential information that allows a complete
understanding of the operating environment, facilitates prediction, and enables decisive action.
Accordingly, our Battlespace Awareness functional capabilities require advanced means to
sense, collect, process, analyze, evaluate and exploit information in real time.
Intelligence, Reconnaissance, and Surveillance (ISR): Leveraging both manned and unmanned,
fixed, mobile, and distributed systems, our philosophy is that every platform is a sensor and
every sensor is networked. Moreover, the Navy’s ISR systems will be coordinated across the
force through a seamless communication architecture that operates in the increasingly complex
and contested electromagnetic maneuver-space.
We maintain our manned capabilities above, on, and under the sea with:
o EP-3 aircraft
o Surveillance Towed Array vessels, and our
o Fixed Surveillance Systems
Unmanned systems are key components of our ISR portfolio because of their persistence
and the reduced risk to our high-value manned platforms and crews. We are also
stressing payloads over platforms in order to facilitate our ability to pace the threat and
rapidly leverage standard interfaces and common control systems. Unmanned systems
already provide world-wide environmental data supporting our day-to-day operations
across the spectrum of conflict. Our unmanned programs include:
o Unmanned Combat Air System Demonstrator (UCAS-D) - Successfully launched and
recovered from the USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) on July 10, 2013. UCAS-D
provides significant technological risk reduction for the Unmanned Carrier-Launched
Airborne Surveillance and Strike System (UCLASS).
o MQ-8 Fire Scout - Provided direct support for operations in both Afghanistan as well
as sea-based persistent ISR supporting special operations forces.
o Broad Area Maritime Surveillance Demonstrator - Surpassed its 10,000th flight hour
supporting forward-deployed operating forces
o Remote Minehunting System - Successfully completed developmental testing in
February 2014
o Knifefish Unmanned Underwater Vehicle - Continues development to conduct
counter-mining operations
o Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle – Will use successful
prototyping of advanced energy and autonomy systems by the Office of Naval
o Aggressive use of National Technical Means (NTM) at the tactical edge.
We are implementing a Fleet Intelligence Federation that will optimize our manning,
collection, and communication assets, to include bandwidth. This federation will
leverage the Navy's Information Dominance capabilities and supplement the Navy’s
regional expertise with the capabilities and assets of the Combatant Commands, the
Combat Support Agencies, the U.S. Intelligence Community, and our allied partners.
Human Intelligence: The Navy has realigned existing HUMINT resources in order to improve
command and control, operational oversight, and overall collection efforts. This includes:
A long term strategy that will achieve a full spectrum collection capability and increased
capacity at the Fleet, Service and National levels, while supporting efforts to build
sustainable Navy military and civilian HUMINT career paths.
A revised Strategic Priorities List (SPL) that reflects the Navy’s foremost concerns in
terms of threat science and technology, research and development, and Service specific
information requirements.
The development of a Navy HUMINT Management Board that will shape, structure, and
enhance the efficiencies of Navy’s limited resources and effectively pursue strategic
service level requirements not addressed by other HUMINT enterprise capabilities
Arctic: Current assessments project that the continuing reduction of Arctic sea ice will cause
some major waterways to become passable for significant periods of time by 2025.
Our recently updated Navy Arctic Roadmap ensures that we will be ready to respond
effectively to potential Arctic Region contingencies, and directs action to build our Arctic
capabilities and capacity consistent with changing environmental conditions.
We will continue to develop strong cooperative partnerships with interagency and
international Arctic Region stakeholders
We will likewise continue to take deliberate steps to grow our Arctic expertise through
exercises, scientific missions, and personnel exchanges.
Climate change: Following the Administration’s Executive Order on Preparing the United States
for the Impacts of Climate Change, as well as DoD’s Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, the
Navy is preparing for future impacts of climate change. We will continue conducting
vulnerability assessments of Navy coastal infrastructure, and we will support DoD’s strategic
planning on the impacts of climate change on the global security environment.
February 2014
As I mentioned at the outset, Integrated Fires is the ability to project power through both kinetic
and non-kinetic means, which includes networks, cyber, and the EM spectrum. To achieve this
capability, the Navy is examining ways to blend non-kinetic effects with traditional kinetic
weapons in order to fully exploit and, if and when necessary, attack adversary vulnerabilities.
This integration includes evolving electronic warfare and offensive cyber weapons that
complement existing and planned air, surface and subsurface kinetic weapons. Recognizing
that future conflicts will be fought and won in the converging “battlespace” of the EM spectrum
and cyber, the Navy continues to refine our EM Spectrum Maneuver Warfare or EMW concept.
Furthermore, we have made strategic investments over the past year to maximize the Fleet’s
ability to maneuver freely in a heavily contested EM environment, and project both non-kinetic
and kinetic fires through cyberspace and the EM spectrum
Airborne Electronic Attack: Provides flexible offensive EW capabilities to both Navy and joint
warfighters. It will become even more important as technology capable of manipulating the EM
matures and becomes more prevalent.
Next Generation Jammer - Scheduled to replace DoD’s only airborne tactical jamming
system, the ALQ-99 (fielded in 1971).
Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program - Provides enhanced EW capabilities to
existing and new ship combat systems; improves Anti-Ship Missile Defense, counter-targeting
and counter-surveillance capabilities, as well as improved Battlespace Awareness.
Cyberspace - In this crucial area, we continue to focus on optimizing the workforce. In this vein,
the Navy is supporting U.S. Cyber Command's developing cyber force as follows:
Navy is sourcing 40 offensive and defensive teams to defend-the-nation, support
combatant command operations, and assure access to critical networks.
Provided 16 teams in 2013 and established 976 additional billets required to fill
manpower requirements in support of these teams
Ship’s Signals Exploitation Equipment Increment F - Improves tactical EW exploitation
capability across Navy surface platforms. Increment F is a dual-use exploit/attack platform that
enables the elimination of investment in legacy, single-use platforms such as Combat Direction
Finding and a reduction of our investment in stand-alone cryptologic carry-on equipment.
Naval Integrated Fire Control – Counter Air (NIFC-CA) - Prioritized investment in the E-2D
aircraft continues to enhance our holistic surface and fighter combat lethality and survivability.
Full fielding of the E-2D will bring an advanced airborne surveillance radar with fused sensor
inputs that improves targeting and counter-air capability. This capability also synchronizes with
other NIFC-CA capable assets (i.e., AEGIS, SM-6, F/A-18, AIM-120D) needed to fight
effectively in anti-access area denial environments.
Deployable Common Ground Station – Navy - The Navy’s primary multi-source tasking,
collection, processing, exploitation, and dissemination system, this investment maximizes the
availability, value, and timeliness of collected ISR and targeting sensor data (Navy, DoD and
Intelligence Community) for dispersed commanders and combat units.
February 2014