STUDY GUIDE FOR TEST ONE Test one will consist of the following elements, totally roughly 85 questions: 1. about 40 multiple-choice questions taken from the book (up to and including chapter six) 2. about 40 multiple-choice questions taken from the lectures (including the Ovid lecture that is linked on the course web site 3. 10 multiple-choice questions taken from the slide shows on the course web page 4. 5 multiple-choice questions on the city of Mycene. You are supposed to have entered the gateway and learned things about the city of Mycene. The guidelines in the gateway will help you understand what to learn. NOTE: Also spelled “Mycenae.” The following broad topics are covered on the test: questions from the lecture that introduced you to myth Carl Jung, archetypes, universal subconscious anthropomorphism and what it says about the Greek view of men and gods Scepticism: Xenophanes, Plato, Hellenistic Philosophers (allegorical interpretation), Lucretius, Euhemerus Paul's and Barnabas' encounter with a credulous crowd in Asia Minor Time line (from the book): In what period do most myths take place? Who came first, Greeks or Romans? When was Jesus born in relation to the Trojan War? the roots -machy and -gony the precise definition of "mythology" Hesiod's Theogony Muses' role as intermediaries of the truth (and the function of poetry in that regard) rulers of the three generations of the gods the "division into opposites" point that I made why Zeus was able to gain power and keep it, while others couldn't; who helped him forge his weapons? how man became alienated from the gods and how he hopes to be reconciled Ovid's "chaos" vs. Hesiod's "chaos" the flood story and the hope for redemption the fate of Lycaon the four ages of man, particularly the kinds of things that marked mankind's degeneration the composite picture of the human race after Deucalion and Pyrrha the meaning of the name Pandora and her connection to magic; what is her "box"? Zeus Zeus' time in Crete: what location relating to Zeus did the Cretans show to visitors? (from the lecture and the book's Hymn to Zeus) How does Cleanthes portray Zeus in his Hymn to Zeus? as king of the gods, as the only god, or as not a god at all? What do the early unions of Zeus show? know the epithets of Zeus. the Indo-European root of Zeus means what? what was the fate of the stone that Rhea had Cronos swallow? how is Zeus worshiped at Dodona? describe the three Fates and what they do What was wrong with the children of Zeus and Hera? What child did Zeus produce on his own? How was Zeus worshiped at Olympia? What do the two jars by Zeus' throne represent? What principle do the three Graces represent? Mnemosyne? Themis? How did Zeus introduce the divine, heroic seed among humans? Hephaestus, Poseidon, Hermes How did Hera become pregnant with Hephaestus? What is the difference between "clear" eggs and "Zephyrian" eggs? How did Hera treat Hephaestus? How did Hephaestus get back at her? What did Hermes steal while still a baby? Why did Zeus and Apollo finally let him off? What is "kakometis"? "psychopompos"? What responsibilities does Hermes have? What special event happened with Tiresias? What are the epithets of Poseidon and what do they say about his character? What is the Erechtheum? The contest of Athena and Poseidon? Artemis know the following terms: eschatiai rites of passage, liminal Brauron and the arkteia Hippolytus Actaeon Iphigenia at Aulis Potnia Theron What is Artemis' connection with the moon? Athena From where does Athena get the epithet "Pallas"? What is the Panathenaea? Who is Erichthonius and where did he come from? Why was Athena angry at Arachne? What did Athena invent to counter the wildness of Poseidon? Sample slide question: Who is helping Pandora come out of the earth here? a) Ares, god of war b) Poseidon, sea god c) Hercules, son of Zeus d) Prometheus, Titan son of Iapetus e) Hephaestus, god of the forge Sample question about Mycenae: Which of the following adjectives best describes the walls of Mycenae? a) smoothed over with stucco b) made with stones so big only the Cyclopes could have moved them c) a hollow facade with inner chambers for burial d) Mycenae had no walls! e) surrounded by a deep moat of water.