Vocabulary List #14

Vocabulary List #14
Instructions: Copy the following vocabulary terms and definitions for full credit. Please write down
that your Vocabulary Quiz #14 is Friday, April 8th.
1. United Nations-An international peacekeeping organization founded in 1945 to provide security
to the nations of the world
2. Iron Curtain- During the Cold War, the boundary separating the Communist nations of Eastern
Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe
3. Containment- U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which
the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak
countries to resist Soviet advances
4. Truman Doctrine- U.S. policy of giving economic and military aid to free nations threatened by
internal or external opponents, announced by President Harry Truman in 1947
5. Marshall Plan- A U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after
World War II
6. Cold War- The state of diplomatic hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union in
the decades following World War II
7. NATO- the North Atlantic Treaty Organization-a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by
ten Western European nations, the United States and Canada
8. Warsaw Pact- A military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern
European countries
9. Brinkmanship- A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression
10. U-2 Incident- The shooting down of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union
in 1960
11. Mao Zedong-Leader of the Communist Revolution in China
12. Jiang Jieshi- Leader of the Nationalist forces in China
13. Commune-In Communist China, a collective farm on which a great number of people work and
live together
14. Red Guards-Militia units formed by young Chinese people in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong’s
call for a social for a social and cultural revolution
15. Cultural Revolution- 1966-1976 uprising in China, led by the Red Guards, with the goal of
establishing a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal