List the term from the Word Bank next to the definition and graphic. Term Terms Cross out the term after you use it. BIOS CD Computer CPU DVD Gigabyte Gigahertz Hard drive Hardware Heat sink/fan Input device Megabyte Megahertz Memory Modem card Motherboard Network card Operating system Optical drive Output device Parallel port Personal computer Definitions 1. An expansion card that is installed in an available slot in a computer so that it may connect and communicate to another computer . 2. Built into a computer's motherboard or inserted into one of the computer's internal expansion slots; allow the computer to play digital audio and/or musical instrument sounds. 3. Circuit board in a system unit through which all devices within your computer communicate; contains the CPU, Chipset, expansion slots, memory and device controllers. 4. Component of your computer that puts a picture onto your screen. 5. Computer input/output port that transmits data sequentially, one bit at a time. Port Power supply RAM Rewritable ROM Serial port Software Sound card Storage device System unit Video card Graphic - Letter 6. Computer used by one person at a time. 7. Device that allows a user to enter information into a computer. 8. Converts the power from a wall outlet into the lower voltages required internally in the computer. 9. Device that delivers information back to a computer user in a form they can see, hear, or touch. 10. Device used to connect the computer to a telephone line, often for the purpose of connecting to on-line services. 11. Devices and tools that are used to store data and information. 12. Fixed disk inside the computer and is used to store vast amounts of data on it; made of rapidly rotating rigid (i.e. hard) platters with magnetic surfaces; also referred to as the C: drive. 13. Main body of a desktop computer, typically consisting of a metal or plastic enclosure containing the motherboard, power supply, cooling fans, internal disk drives, and the memory modules and expansion cards that are plugged into the motherboard. 14. Main program that makes the computer work, examples are MAC, Windows Vista, Windows XP. 15. Permanent information (memory) on the computer; is built-in and cannot be erased or changed. 16. Physical parts of the computer system. 17. Piece of metal with cooling fins that can be attached to or mounted on an integrated chip (such as the CPU) to dissipate heat. 18. Set of instructions that make it possible for your computer to perform tasks; also called a program, examples are Microsoft Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, Windows Media Player, etc. 19. Small chip that performs calculations and carries out all instruction you give to your computer. Considered to be the brain of the computer. 20. Socket at the back of a computer for connecting external equipment or peripherals, especially printers. 21. Specialized outlet on a piece of equipment to which a plug or cable connects. 22. Stands for "Basic Input Output System" gives the computer a little built-in starter kit to run the rest of software from floppy disks (FDD) and hard disks (HDD). Responsible for booting the computer by providing a basic set of instructions. 23. Temporary information that your computer uses only when you work with a particular file; is erased when you turn off your computer. 24. The CD/DVD/Blu-Ray player in the computer, some also come in writing varieties so they can write files to disc (often called "burning"). 25. Optical disk on which a program, data, music, etc. is digitally encoded for a laser beam to scan, decode, or transmit back to a playback system. 26. Computer processing speed – one million cycles per second. 27. A measure of computer storage capacity equal to 1 billion bytes 28. A unit of a computer’s motherboard that stores data – consists of RAM, ROM, and storage devices. 29. A programmable machine that can execute (carry out) a programmed list of instructions and respond to new instructions that it is given. 30. Allows a user to write (burn), erase, and rewrite data on them, just as it can be done with magnetic drives and media. 31. A measure of computer storage capacity equal to 1 million bytes 32. An optical disk that can store a very large amount of digital data, as text, music, or images, movies, etc. 33. Computer processing speed – one billion cycles per second. 34. a. b. c. d. What are the four components of computer systems? A B C D Identify the computer components as: Input = A Output = B Storage = C 35. Microphone 36. Barcode scanner 37. Laser printer 38. Scanner 39. Digital camera 40. Monitor 41. USB flash drive 42. Speakers 43. Mouse 44. Hard drive 45. Keyboard 46. CD 47. Headphones 48. What are the only two numbers that a computer works with and what are they called?