Civil War Part 1

The American Civil War
“Bull Run to Antietam”
The Union and Confederacy in 1861
Railroad Lines, 1860
Resources: North & the South
Men Present for Duty
in the Civil War
Civil War
Plan vs. the
War of
Battle of Bull Run, July 1861
Battle of Antietam Creek, September 1862
• The Confederates were defending their
homeland for the first year in Virginia (1st/2nd
Battle of Bull Run).
• The South was finally ready to invade the North
(slip into W. Maryland and on to D.C.)
• Lee (40,000 troops), McClellan (75,000 w/
25,000 in reserve).
• 12,000 total casualties in 3 hours!
• 28,000 total at the end of the day…South
Emancipation Proclamation
(January, 1863)
“My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is
not to either save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union
without freeing any slave, I would do it, and if I could save the
Union by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it
by freeing some and leaving others along, I would also do that.”
What did it do?
• Every slave working in a field or factory freed a white
Southerner to fire a gun at Union soldiers
• War strategy- weaken confederate efforts
• Slaves in areas of rebellion are free
• Did not free slaves in border states nor Confederate
areas under Union control
• Northerners worried about job loss
The Progress of War: 1861-1865
Casualties on Both Sides
Civil War Casualties
in Comparison to Other Wars