Brian and Lynn
The Main Conflict: Nationalism vs
After the fall of Qing Dynasty,
Nationalist and Communist parties fought for power
Start of Communism in China
Nationalism VS Communism
-Sun Yixian: leader of Kuomintang,
-Kuomintang: Nationalist Party
-Mao Zedong: Founder of Chinese
-Jiang Jieshi: Successor of Sun, Nationalist
…And the Battle Begins
VS The Chinese
Sun Yixian formed a Nationalist group,
-Kuomintang overthrew the Qing
-Sun became president of China(1912).
Three Principles of People
Sun’s Ideas: “Three Principles of
Nationalism: no more foreign rule
Democracy: give people rights
Sun only lasted for 6 weeks as the president.
Yuan Shikai overthrew
Sun and became president
-No more democracy:
Yuan died (1916)
Chaos in China
Chaos in China (1916)
-The government of China lost its power.
-Warlords stole from peasants.
-Constant civil wars
-Peasants died of hunger.
WWI and China
Meanwhile, Europe was in WWI
-China’s government declared war against Germany.
-Thought the Allies would give back the
German colonies in China
-Treaty of Versailles: Allies gave the
German colonies to Japan
The Chinese were Outraged..
Nationalists allies with
May Fourth Movement
Mao Zedong forms the Chinese
Jiang Jieshi (a.k.a. Chiang Kai-shek) took over the Kuomintang.
Jiang betrayed the Communists and massacred the Chinese Communist
Jiang becomes president of
The Rise of Mao Zedong
Jiang’s government was a failure
Peasants supported the Chinese
Mao Zedong’s Revolution:
-“Swimming in the peasant-sea”
-A Communist revolution based on the support from peasants
-Mao led the Red Army
“The force of peasantry is like that of the raging winds and driving rain. It is rapidly increasing in violence. No force can stand in its way. The peasantry will tear apart all nets which bind it and hasten along the road to liberation.
They will bury beneath them all forces of imperialism, militarism, corrupt officialdom, village bosses, and evil
Start of Communism
Mao’s Revolution=Marxist Ideas
Mao’s Chinese Communist Party was the start of Communism in China.
China is still a Communist country.
China’s Communist views have caused tension between Democratic
Western Nations VS Communist
The Long March
Civil War (1930): Mao Zedong (Communists) vs Jiang Jieshi (Nationalists)
1933~1934 – Jiang’s Nationalist army grows
-Jiang repeatedly attacks the Communists and surrounds them
The Long March: Mao and his Communist army running away from the Nationalists
Japan Invades China
1928: Japan and China goes to war
-Japan takes control of a small part in
Jiang is forced to make the "United Front" with the Communist party to fight against
1937: Japan started an all out invasion against China by crossing Korea to