Slavery Annotated Bibliography

Alex Nam
Period 2
Slavery in the Civil War Annotated Bibliography
"Slavery In The Civil War Era." Slavery In The Civil War Era. Web. 19 May 2012.
The African American enslavement began around the 1630s and became in colonial
courts in that time with also legislatures that distinguished indentured servants between African
slaves. In the South, the African population was much longer as it contained both free and slave
African Americans. In both Virginia and South Carolina it carried almost half of the population
of African descent in America. Slaves were driven to merciless planting, cultivating, and
harvesting of crops for the market during the high profit era of plantation owners in the South.
The bumping of the harvest by the slaves helped develop a high end profit for many plantation
owners which needed to produce large harvests.
"Avalon Project - Fugitive Slave Act 1850." Avalon Project - Fugitive Slave Act 1850. Web. 19
May 2012. <>.
If any person within a slave connection were to escape into another State or Territory of
the United States then the person would have to be pursued and reclaimed by the owner, having a
warrant and proper circuit. Also in the helping or hindering of such claimant or attorney from
reaching the fugitive will harbor an arrest. The Supreme Court of each organized Territory of
America has the same power to appoint its commissioners to take the bail and affidavits into
position when in civil causes such as slavery disputes.
"Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012.
The overemphasis of slave based agriculture led most Southerners to neglect industry and
the basic transportation of improvements. In this fact most manufacturing and transportation
lagged in far behind so to the comparison to the North. The North had about 1.3 million
industrial workers although compared to the South it had only 110,000, also the North produced
about nine-tenths of the industrial goods within the United States. Within the South, the wealth
was more narrowed towards the wealthy plantation owners, the middle class held a relatively
small part on the regions property space.
"Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012.
The ownership of slaves was relatively widespread in which the first half of the 19th century and
one third of all southern white families owned slaves and a majority of the white southern
families either owned slaves or had owned them. The wealth of the southern economy generated
a enormous wealth and was a main crucial part to the economic growth of the whole of the
United States. In this over a half to he richest 1 percent of Americans within the 1860’s lived in
the South, the Southern agriculture helped boost the finance early within the 19th century for the
economic growth. The South specialized in the agricultural production while the North
developed a variety of businesses that provided the services for the southern states such as textile
or meat industries to follow through in commerce.
"Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012.
In places such as Maryland and Virginia, plantation owners began replacing tobacco
which was a labor intensive crop in need of slave labor, with the wheat and corn which didn’t
necessarily need as much. Many people at the time denounced slavery such as Thomas Jefferson
and reported to the Southern people that they were talking about abolishing it. Although a man
named Eli Whitney stumbled upon a plantation after quitting his job as a tutor when realizing
that his pay was being cut in half. In his stay at the production he learned about the textile
industry and the high demand for the crop. He learned that a comb could be used to remove
seeds from cotton and in about ten days Whitney devised a way of mechanizing the comb.
Whitney’s cotton engine was complete by a month and could separate fiber from seeds faster
than fifty people working on it by hand. His invention revitalized the slavery aspect in the South
by stimulating the demand for slaves which in turn raised the staple of cotton. From then the
number of slaves within the United States increased by thirty three percent during the following
decade the slave population also grew another 29 percent.