Alex Nam History Period 2 Slavery in the Civil War Annotated Bibliography "Slavery In The Civil War Era." Slavery In The Civil War Era. Web. 19 May 2012. <http://www.civilwarhome.com/slavery.htm>. The African American enslavement began around the 1630s and became in colonial courts in that time with also legislatures that distinguished indentured servants between African slaves. In the South, the African population was much longer as it contained both free and slave African Americans. In both Virginia and South Carolina it carried almost half of the population of African descent in America. Slaves were driven to merciless planting, cultivating, and harvesting of crops for the market during the high profit era of plantation owners in the South. The bumping of the harvest by the slaves helped develop a high end profit for many plantation owners which needed to produce large harvests. "Avalon Project - Fugitive Slave Act 1850." Avalon Project - Fugitive Slave Act 1850. Web. 19 May 2012. <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/fugitive.asp>. If any person within a slave connection were to escape into another State or Territory of the United States then the person would have to be pursued and reclaimed by the owner, having a warrant and proper circuit. Also in the helping or hindering of such claimant or attorney from reaching the fugitive will harbor an arrest. The Supreme Court of each organized Territory of America has the same power to appoint its commissioners to take the bail and affidavits into position when in civil causes such as slavery disputes. "Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=654>. The overemphasis of slave based agriculture led most Southerners to neglect industry and the basic transportation of improvements. In this fact most manufacturing and transportation lagged in far behind so to the comparison to the North. The North had about 1.3 million industrial workers although compared to the South it had only 110,000, also the North produced about nine-tenths of the industrial goods within the United States. Within the South, the wealth was more narrowed towards the wealthy plantation owners, the middle class held a relatively small part on the regions property space. "Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=653>. The ownership of slaves was relatively widespread in which the first half of the 19th century and one third of all southern white families owned slaves and a majority of the white southern families either owned slaves or had owned them. The wealth of the southern economy generated a enormous wealth and was a main crucial part to the economic growth of the whole of the United States. In this over a half to he richest 1 percent of Americans within the 1860’s lived in the South, the Southern agriculture helped boost the finance early within the 19th century for the economic growth. The South specialized in the agricultural production while the North developed a variety of businesses that provided the services for the southern states such as textile or meat industries to follow through in commerce. "Digital History." Digital History. Web. 19 May 2012. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=652>. In places such as Maryland and Virginia, plantation owners began replacing tobacco which was a labor intensive crop in need of slave labor, with the wheat and corn which didn’t necessarily need as much. Many people at the time denounced slavery such as Thomas Jefferson and reported to the Southern people that they were talking about abolishing it. Although a man named Eli Whitney stumbled upon a plantation after quitting his job as a tutor when realizing that his pay was being cut in half. In his stay at the production he learned about the textile industry and the high demand for the crop. He learned that a comb could be used to remove seeds from cotton and in about ten days Whitney devised a way of mechanizing the comb. Whitney’s cotton engine was complete by a month and could separate fiber from seeds faster than fifty people working on it by hand. His invention revitalized the slavery aspect in the South by stimulating the demand for slaves which in turn raised the staple of cotton. From then the number of slaves within the United States increased by thirty three percent during the following decade the slave population also grew another 29 percent.