Group 2: Slave migration, 1500-1750

Created By:
Ayesha G.
 Jada R.
 Na’Shon D.
 Idriana R.
 Loren L.
WHO: Africans & Europeans.
WHAT: slave trade.
WHEN: the 15th-19th centuries
WHERE: Oyo empire in Nigeria, Nupe, Igala, and Benin in the lower
Niger Valley, the Hausa states of northern Nigeria, the Kongo in
Central Africa; trade routes from Africa to the Atlantic coast in
these places: Sao Tome Island, Luanda, Benguela, St. Louis, Cape
Coast, Emina, Elmina, & Bonny.
WHY: Slaves represented the main form of wealth. The slaves were
a source of labor and increasing wealth either of the state its self or
private traders.
HOW: When states were captured they enslaved their people.g
Key points that analyze the structure of a plantation economy:
-Rely on Slave Labor
-Organized as an early large scale capitalist enterprise
-Slave owners held “fuedal” legal rights over workers
-A plantation economy supplied crop for export and often
did not grow its own food, it was completely reliant on
international trade for profits and for necessities
-Political control over the system lay on another continent in
another kind of society.
Trans- Atlantic slave trade- slave
trade carried Africa some 10
million people from to the western
hemisphere to work as slaves,
generally on sugar, tobacco and
cotton plantations.
Roman Slavery- used
slaves for farming and
mining (labor first); fought
wars and when they
won, they captured the
people and enslaved
European Serfdom- people were not
married to specific owners; they had
specific land to work at, and were not
able to move up economically, socially,
or geographically, they remained the
Spanish encomienda- the Spanish
moved into South America, and
the crown gave permission to
collect taxes from the Indians, but
they had no money so the Spanish
forced them to work, pay “taxes”
and thousands of Indians died.
Plantation- a usually
large or estate, esp. in
a tropical or
semitropical country,
an which cotton,
tobacco, coffee, sugar
cane, or the like is
cultivated, usually by
resident laborers.
owners work slaves to
death and replace
them with new
incoming slaves; rather
than taking good care
of them and sustaining
Self-efficient farm- able to supply one’s
own or it’s own needs without external
He or she receiving the profit will be
doing the work. In self-efficient farms the
farmer does not hire laborers because they
will have to pay them.