Objective 3.01

Objective 3.01
Trace the economic, social, and
political events from the outbreak of the
Mexican War to the outbreak of the
Civil War.
Anti-slavery Movement
Abolitionists wanting the immediate
emancipation of the slaves, led by
people like William Lloyd Garrison,
Frederick Douglass, and John Brown
Slave Codes
Laws that restricted
the activities and
movements of slaves
and freedmen of the
south: African
Americans could not
own a weapon, testify
in court, be outside
after dark, meet in
groups of more than
two without a white
person present
Underground Railroad
• Movement of slaves from the south to the
north through a series of safe houses
Harriet Tubman
Most famous conductor of the Underground
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Organized the territorial governments of
Kansas and Nebraska, popularized the
concept of Popular Sovereignty
Bleeding Kansas
Name for the war between Pro-slavery
forces and Anti-slavery forces in Kansas
Republican Party
Political Party founded by members of the
Free Soil Party, Northern Democratic Party,
and Whig party dedicated to stopping the
spread of Slavery
Popular Sovereignty
Vote of the people on the issue of slavery,
phrase used by Stephen Douglas in the
Lincoln-Douglas debates
Sumner-Brooks Incident
Southern senator beats a northern senator
with a cane after the northern senator reads
a speech in the Senate about the evils of
Freeport Doctrine
Speech by Stephen Douglas in Illinois where
he outlines his policy of Popular Sovereignty
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas
discuss the issues surrounding the 1856
Illinois Senate Election
Free Soil Party
Political Party formed to stop the
spread of slavery into the territories
gained from Mexico during the
Mexican-American War
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Negroes have no citizenship rights, Court
case involving a slave that was transported
by his master into a free state, after his
master dies abolitionists try to get the slave
John Brown and Harper’s Ferry
Wanted to lead a massive slave rebellion by
meeting runaway slaves in Virginia and
giving them weapons stolen from a military
Fugitive Slave Act
Captured runaway slaves are
to be returned to their former
Compromise of 1850
California enters the Union as a free state,
New fugitive slave law is passed, no slave
trade in Washington D.C.