CHAPTER 15 KEY TERMS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Lincoln-Douglas Debates “ Know-Nothings” “Bleeding Kansas” Lecompton constitution Panic of 1857 Young America Movement Succession Ostend Manifesto (1854) Sen. Charles Sumner Congr. Preston Brooks Stephen Douglas Republican Party Jefferson Davis Ft. Sumter, SC Crittenden Plan GUIDED READING 1. How did the political parties react to the Compromise of 1850? How did the sections of the country react? 2. What was the "Young America" movement? What national sentiment did it reflect? Who were its spokespersons and what did it accomplish? 3. Identify the candidates, the issues, and the results of the presidential election of 1852. 4. Who were the new Republicans? Which groups comprised this party? What was its platform? 5. What type of society did northerners want to create? How did "free soil" and "free labor" fit into their plans? 6. What were the elements of the South's pro-slavery response? Who were its major spokespersons? 7. What effect did the depression of 1857 have on political divisions in America? How did it increase the tension between the North and South? 8. What transpired in the Sumner-Brooks incident? Why was it important in the sectional struggle? On what constitutional interpretation was the concept of secession based? What was the reaction of the United States government to the southern states that seceded first? 9. What compromises were proposed to bring these states back into the Union? Why did they fail? 10. What were the goals of John Brown's raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, VA? How did the South react to this event? 11. Why is John Brown's raid considered to be a turning point in the South's road to secession? 12. What role did the Lyceum play in educating the American public, especially with regard to public controversies of the period?