Jim Crow Laws & the African American Society Jasmin Perez What are the Jim Crow Laws ? Jim Crow laws were laws mandating segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants between the blacks and the whites. What were some of the Jim Crow Laws ? • • • • • In Oklahoma, telephone booths were segregated. Mississippi had segregated soft-drink machines for blacks and whites. In Mobile, Alabama, curfews ordered African Americans off the streets by ten o’clock each evening. In Birmingham, Alabama, it was against the law for blacks and whites to play cards, checkers, dominoes, or other games, or play together on athletic teams. In Florida, textbooks for white and black students were segregated in separate warehouses. & so on… Did the Jim Crow Laws apply to all of America? The Jim Crow laws mainly applied to Southern states of America. Who were some of the major historical figures involved ? Charles Evers (a fearless activist) W.E.B Du Bois (the voice of a generation) Barbara John (a student leader) Marcus Garvey (a black nationalist) Isaiah T. Montgomery (the founder of an independent colony) Walter White (an influential NAACP leader) … What were some of the outcomes of these laws? The Jim Crow laws caused many groups/organizations to form (pro or anti) for example the KKK (pro Jim Crow), the NAACP (anti Jim Crow), These laws also caused acts of terror such as lynching to reinforce upon the people whom they applied to, and protests from people who wanted change. The Jim Crow laws took place in the American South for three quarters of a century beginning in the 1890’s. These laws were a very significant part of history due to the fact they influenced many in both a negative and positive way, and also influenced society now in days. Fortunately, these laws no longer exist, and although segregation and racism is 100% wiped out in our society it has definitely improved. Therefore we must give recognition to the significance of these laws. Jim Crow laws had a severe affect on the African American society at the time. It robbed them of their rights, making them less of a human. Aside from making them less of a human, these laws made African Americans inferior to whites. These laws also gave African Americans economic, educational, transportational, and social disadvantages. They caused segregation in public school, public places, and even drinking fountains. Many African Americans were bullied, some even lynched because of these laws. These laws severely impacted African Americans. Powerful Quotation 1 “To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.” – W.E.B Dubois This quote refers to the African American race and it states that to being a poor individual is hard, but to be poor altogether as a race is the hardest of all. And not only poor money wise but poor in equality, rights, etc. Sadly, this quote was very true. Powerful Quotes 2 “Although lynching's have steadily increased in number and barbarity during the last twenty years, there has been no single effort put forth by the many moral and philanthropic forces of the country to put a stop to this wholesale slaughter.” –Ida B. Wells Lynching was a popular crime in this time period, as it increased no one took action. Why didn’t they take action against lynching? Because they would be lynched as well. It was a life or death situation. You had the option to speak against and die, or stay quiet and continue a tragic lifestyle. Powerful Quote 3 “The Black skin is not a badge of shame, but rather a glorious symbol of national greatness.” –Marcus Garvey Color of skin is only a pigmentation. They should wear it proudly rather than to live in shame. However, this was impossible with the problems at this time period. “Jump Jim Crow" is a song and dance from 1828 that was done in blackface by white comedian Thomas Dartmouth (T.D.) "Daddy" Rice. It was supposedly inspired by the song and dance of a crippled African slave called Jim Cuff or Jim Crow. This song was a way for this white man “Daddy” Rice to mock an … … African American man. It was an important part of history because this song basically made it okay to say these things about a black man. White people found these stereotypes amusing and there is where the idea that white people were superior progressed.