TAXONOMY REVIEW – BACK SIDE KEY E) KINGDOM ANIMALIA: UNIT 5 1. Name and describe the most primitive animals that exist today and know the phylum they belong to. Phylum Porifera : SPONGES – Layers of cells but do not exhibit tissue-level organization or any set symmetry. 2. Name the three classes of Cnidarians we studied, and name and identify at least one member for each class. H.A.S. – Acronym Hydrozoa- Including Hydra, Obelia, and Portuguese Man of War. Anthozoa – Including Sea Anemones and Coral Scyphozoa- Including all typical Jelly Fish. 3. Name the three phyla of worms we studied, in order from most primitive to most advanced. PLATYHELMINTHES:Flat worms ASCHELMINTHES (Nematoda) : Round worms ANNELIDA: Segmented worms. 4. For the first phylum, name the three classes and for each class, name and identify a member that belongs to that class. Plathelminthes includes: A) TURBELLARIA – Ex. Planaria B) TREMATODA – Ex. Flukes C) CESTODA – Ex. Tapeworms 5. Name at least four members that belong to the second phylum of worms we studied. NEMATODA : Hookworms, Pinworms, Ascarids, Trichinella Worms, Filarial Worms, 6. For the phylum of most-advanced worms that we studied, name the three classes that belong to this phylum. ANNELIDA includes: A) Hirudinea – Leaches B) Oligochaeta – Earthworms C) Polychaeta – Marine worms F) KINGDOM ANIMALIA: UNIT 6 1. Name the first phylum we studied in this unit. MOLLUSCA 2. Name and describe the three classes of mollusks we studied and name and identify at least two members that belong to each class. Mollusks include: Gastropods – Snails, Slugs, Nudibranchs Bivales – Clams, Scallops, Oysters, Mussels Cephalopods – Squid, Octopi, Nautilus and Cuttlefish. 3. Name the second phylum we studied in this unit. ARTHROPODA 4. Name at least four members that belong to this phylum. Subphyla: TRILOBITA – TRILOBITES UNIRAMIA – INSECTS (grasshopper) CRUSTACEA – CRAYFISH CHELICERATA – ARACHNIDS (spiders) 5. Name the last phylum we studied in this unit. ECHINODERMATA- (Starfish, Sea Cucumber, Urchins) 6. Name and describe the three main classes of arthropods we studied. See question #4 7. For each SUBPHYLUM, name and identify at least four members that fit into that class. CRUSTACEA : Crab, Crayfish, Barnacles, Lobster CHELICERATA : Spiders, scorpions, ticks and mites UNIRAMIA : Insects, Centipedes, Millipedes G) KINGDOM ANIMALIA: UNIT 7 1. Name the phylum studied in this unit. CHORDATA 2. The Lancelets and Tunicates made up two subphyla in this phylum, give the name of the last subphylum in this group. VERTEBRATA – Notochord transforms into Vertebrae. 3. Name and describe the seven classes that we studied in this unit. ALL ECTOTHERMIC AGNATHA – Jawless Fish CHONDRICHTHYES – Cartilaginous Fish OSTEICHTHYES – Bony Fish AMPHIBIA – Half aquatic/Half Terrestrial REPTILIA – Amniotic Egg producing, scaly skinned ALL ENDOTHERMIC AVES – Flight and egg laying MAMMALS – Hair or Fur, mammary glands 4. For each class name and identify at least two members that belong to that class. AGNATHA – Lamprey, Hagfish CHONDRICHTHYES- Sharks and Rays OSTEICHTHYES- Salmon, Trout AMPHIBIA – Frog, Salamander REPTILIA – Snake, Turtle, Crocodile AVES – Penguin, Eagle, Duck MAMMALIA – Human, Duck-billed Platypus, Kangaroo.