Chapter 7: Ethnicity Test Directions: Please choose the correct response from the choices listed. 1. A nationality is typically distinguished by all but which of the following? a. Arts c. Culture b. Sovereignty d. History 2. Elements of nationalism include all buy a. Shared attitudes. c. Common culture. b. Shared emotions. d. Political structure. 3. Which of the following is not a strong centripetal force in the United States? a. Network television c. The flag b. The many ethnic groups living in the d. “The Star Spangled Banner” United States 4. South Africa is the only state in southern Africa that a. Sign the law of the sea d. First elected a black person as b. Still practices apartheid president during the 1990s. c. Is completely landlocked. 5. Balkanization refers to a. A small geographic area that cannot c. The breakdown of a state due to successfully be organized into states. conflicts among nationalities. b. The creation of nation-states in d. Ethnic cleansing. southeastern Europe. 6. The breakup of Yugoslavia during the 1990s was caused by a. The assassination in Sarajevo of the b. Ethnic cleansing. heir to the throne of Austriac. Rivalries among nationalities. Hungary. d. NATO. 7. The most important centripetal forced in Yugoslavia before its breakup was the a. Religion. c. Language. b. Unit of currency. d. Governmental organization. 8. Large-scale migration occurred in South Asia after 1947 primarily because of the a. Failure of the monsoon rains. c. Communist victory. b. Boat people. d. Separation of religious groups. 9. Which of the following is not an element of cultural diversity? a. Ethnicity c. Religion b. Language d. Race 10. The most numerous ethnicities in the United States today include all but a. Latinos/Hispanics c. African Americans b. Asian Americans d. English 11. Which best describes the distribution of ethnicities in the United States? a. Concentration in cities c. Concentrations within cities b. Regional concentrations d. All of the above 12. African Americans are clustered in what area of the United States? a. Southeast c. Southwest b. Plains states d. Cities 13. Los Angeles has what kind of ethnic distribution? a. Contiguous c. Clustered b. Dispersed d. Diverse 14. Ethnic identity for descendants of European immigrants is primarily preserved through a. Religion and food c. Schools and education b. Neighborhoods and locations d. Language 15. Which is the most dramatic change in the geographic distribution of African Americans in the United States? a. Movement out of inner-cities c. Change to sharecropping b. Rural in the urban within the state d. Relocation to northern cities 16. The concept that nationalities have the right to govern themselves is known as the right of a. Self-determination. c. Nation-state. b. Centripetal force. d. Sovereignty. 17. Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because a. The people living on the Faeroe islands, which are controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroes. b. Nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark. c. Danish and German nationalities intermingle in Schleswig-Holstein. d. All of the people. 18. Loyalty and devotion to a state that represents a particular group’s culture is a. Nation. c. Nation-state b. Nationalism d. State. Directions: Determine if each statement is true or false. 19. Clustering of ethnicities is most pronounced at the neighborhood level in the United States. 20. Ethnic groups in the United States are cooperative. 21. Slavery has occurred around the world through it has been abolished in the United States. 22. The Civil War was fought to keep twelve states from seceding from the Union. 23. African American northward migration followed the major highways. 24. Ghettos describe only the African American neighborhoods in the United States. 25. Asian, White, Black, Native American, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander are all ways of self-identification. 26. Detroit subsidized African American immigration from the South which alleviated tensions and maintained the ethnic mix. 27. Nationality is the biggest source of conflict in the world today. 28. Denmark is a completely homogeneous nation-state. 29. Ethnicities can be transformed into nationalities. 30. The Balkan states broke down because of ethnic conflict, which might end in peace through the tragedy of ethnic cleansing.