Eating Disorders Notes

Eating Disorders / Fad Diets
Eating Disorders
 Eating Disorders – extreme harmful eating behaviors
that can cause serious illnesses or death.
 Types of Eating Disorders
 1. Anorexia
 2. Bulimia
 3. Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
Factors that contribute to Eating Disorders
 Psychological Factors –
 Interpersonal Factors –
 Social Factors –
 Biological Factors
 This is a list of famous people who have died from anorexia nervosa.
 Susan Peters - 23 October 1952, actress
 Karen Carpenter (American singer, The Carpenters) - died aged 32 from
complications caused by anorexia.[1]
Christy Henrich (American gymnast) - died in July 1994, aged 22, from
complications caused by anorexia.[2]
Lena Zavaroni - 1999 (35), vocalist
Luisel Ramos - 2 August 2006, fashion model (22)
Ana Carolina Reston (Brazilian model) - died 14 November 2006, aged 21, from
complications caused by anorexia.[3]
Eliana Ramos - 13 February 2007, fashion model (18)
Hila Elmalich - 14 November 2007, fashion model (33)
Isabelle Caro - 17 November 2010, fashion model, anorexia activist and actress
Heidi Guenther (American ballerina) - died aged 22, from complications caused
by anorexia.[4]
Michael Krasnow (American author) died October 1997, aged 28, author of My
Life as a Male Anorexic.[5]
Renée Vivien - 18 November 1909, poet (32)
Anorexia Nervosa
 Is an eating disorder in which an irrational fear of
gaining weight leads to self starvation.
 Four Primary Symptoms:
____________________in girls and women postpuberty (at least 3 consecutive periods)
Warning Signs of Anorexia
 Dramatic ________.
 ___________________, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting.
 _________________, progressing to restrictions against whole
categories of food (e.g. no carbohydrates, etc.).
Frequent ________________or overweight despite weight loss.
________ about gaining weight or __________.
Denial of hunger.
Development of ________(e.g. eating foods in certain orders,
excessive chewing, rearranging food on a plate).
Consistent ____________________or situations involving
Excessive, _________________-despite weather, fatigue,
illness, or injury, the need to “burn off” calories taken in.
__________________________and activities.
Health Consequences
 Abnormally ___________and _____________, (heart
muscle is changing)
________________risk rises as heart rate and blood
pressure levels sink lower and lower.
___________ (reduction of bone density, dry, brittle bones)
___________and weakness.
Severe __________ = ________________.
Fainting, fatigue, and _________________.
_____________, hair _____ is common.
Growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the
body, including the face, in an effort to keep the body warm.
Bulimia Nervosa
Bulimia includes -more than most people would eat in
one meal--in short periods of time, then getting rid of
the food and calories through vomiting, laxative abuse,
or over exercising.
Warning Signs of Bulimia
 Large amounts of food disappear in short periods of time or the existence of
wrappers and containers indicating the consumption of large amounts of
Evidence of _(frequent trips to the bathroom after meals, signs and/or smells
of vomiting, presence of wrappers of laxatives or diuretics)
_, rigid _(despite weather, fatigue, illness, injury; need to “burn off” calories
taken in.)
Unusual _.
C on the back of the hands and knuckles from self-induced vomiting.
Discoloration or s.
L (make time for binge-and-purge sessions)
Wi from friends and activities.
Weight loss, dieting, and control of food behaviors become primary concerns.
Health Consequences of Bulimia
 E that can lead to i and possibly h and d. Electrolyte
imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of p and s
from the body as a result of purging behaviors.
Inflammation and possible rupture of the e from
frequent vomiting.
T and staining from stomach acids released during
frequent vomiting.
Chronic irregular b and constipation as a result of
laxative abuse.
G is an uncommon but possible side effect of binge
Binge Eating Disorder
Binge Eating Disorder is characterized by:
Health Consequences
The health risks of BED are most commonly those
associated with clinical obesity.
Potential health consequences of BED include:
Fad Diets
 Fad Diets – weight-loss plans that tend to be popular
for a short time. They typically promise quick, easy
weight loss.
 Weight Cycling – a repeated pattern of losing and
regaining body weight.
Types of Fad Diets
 Miracle Foods – these plans promise you can “burn
fat” by eating lots of single food or type of food.
Magic Combination – certain foods will trigger
weight loss when eaten together.
Liquid Diets – replace solid food with ultra-lowcalorie liquid formulas.
Diet Pills – pills or supplements will suppress your
appetite so that you eat less. Other claim to “Block”
or “Flush” fat from body.
Examples: Atkins, Cabbage, South Beach, Slim Fast,
Stacker Pills
10 Characteristics of Fad Diets
 1. Sounds too good to be true.
 2. Promises weight loss without exercise.
 3. Promises weight loss of more than 1 or 2 pounds per week.
 4. Discourages drinking water.
 5. Food or food groups are excluded or consumed excessively.
 6. Lists “good” and “bad” foods.
 7. Uses these terms:“Fat Burner,” “Fat Blocker,” or “Boost
 8. Includes no warnings related to possible medical
 9. Requires purchase of pills, bars, shakes, or other foods.
 10. Claims specific food combinations have weight loss
I bought a refrigerator that makes an "oink" sound every time I
opened the door. It made me hungry for pork chops.
 file:///Y:/Jr%20Health%20desktop%20June13/Eati