Vocabulary Background 0 When students graduate from high school their vocabulary is around 25,000 words. 0 Students vocabulary grows about 3000 words a year. 0 However, if you teach your students 10-15 words a week then at the end of the school year you will have taught 555 words. How are students learning? 0 Family activities 0 Hobbies 0 Trips 0 Television 0 READING Vocabulary Strategy Morphemes 0 Use your knowledge of morphemes 0 to decode the following word. 0 What does it mean: 0 PNEUMONOULTRAMICROSCOPICSILICOVOLCANOCONIOSIS Need some help? 0 Let’s see if context helps … 0 Because of his proximity to Mt. Saint Helens, he contracted PNEUMONOULTRAMICROSCOPICSILICOVOLCANOCONIOSIS Pneumono - related to the lungs Ultra - transcending; super Micro – small Scopic– related to a viewing instrument Silico- the mineral silicon Volcano- eruption in the earth from which molten rock, steam, and dust issue 0 Coni ( konis) – dust 0 Osis – referring to a disease condition 0 0 0 0 0 0 Morphemic Analysis 0 Students can learn meanings of words by locating the words root, prefix, and suffix. 0 Omnivorous omni=all 0 Carnivorous carno=flesh 0 Herbivorous herb=vegetation vorous=to swallow up Levels of Word Knowledge 0 Unknown word—I don’t know this word 0 Initial recognition—I have seen or heard this word or I can pronounce it 0 Partial word knowledge—I know one meaning of this word and can use it in a sentence 0 Full word knowledge—I know more than one meaning or several ways to use this word. Components of Word Study 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Concepts and word meanings Multiple meanings Morphemic analysis Synonyms Antonyms Homonyms Etymologies Figurative meanings Concepts and Word Meanings 0 You have 60 seconds to write single words. 0 You have 60 seconds to write single words about summer vacations. 0 Most students can learn more words when they attach them to a concept. Multiple Meanings of Words 0 Students need to be exposed to words in meaningful contexts in order to learn the multiple meanings of words. 0 Write down the meanings you can think of for the word BANK. 0 How would you explain these multiple meanings to students learning English or students of special need? Synonyms 0 Words that have the same or nearly the same meaning as other words 0 Cold: cool, chilly, frigid, icy, frosty, freezing 0 I got hurt yesterday. I cut my foot on a rock. Antonyms 0 Words that express opposite meanings. 0 There are opposites that are more appropriate than others. 0 What is the opposite of loud? 0 She wore a very loud shirt. 0 The plane flying overhead was loud. Homophones 0 Words that sound alike but are spelled differently. 0 Reign – Rain 0 There, Their, They’re Figurative Meanings of Words 0 Idioms—groups of words that have a special meaning. “I’m in hot water” 0 Amelia Bedilia 0 Metaphors 0 Compare two things by implying that one is the other without using like or as. 0 Similes 0 Compare two things by using like or as. He is a hotdog! He is as hot as a dog! Vocabulary KWL + What I think I know about this word What can I do to find out What I have Learned Word Map Antonym Synonym angry Example Nonexample PAVE Prediction, Association, Verification, Evaluation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Students write the sentence or context in which the word appears. They write the word again. They write a sentence of their own. They check the words meaning in a dictionary. They examine steps 3 and 4 and write a better sentence. They draw an image to help them remember the meaning of the word. I never divulge a secret that a friend has entrusted to me. Knowledge Rating Rate your knowledge of these words Word Pedagogy Semiotics Literacy Hermeneuti cs Paradigm Know Well Seen/heard Don’t it Know Verbal/Visual Association Word Example Definition Non example Verbal/Visual Association Modified Word Picture Definition Example Vocabulary Visits: Virtual Field Trips” 0 What is exciting about a field trip? 0 What is educational? 0 How do we prepare? 0 What is involved? 0 What are the results? “Vocabulary Visits” Prep Steps 0 Identify a focal point/topic for the visit 0 Assemble at lease 5 texts for the “visit 0 Review books and choose a basic vocabulary for the topic 0 Create visuals that support/enhance the selection Taking the “Trip” 0 Jump Start & First Write 0 Introduce the topic, students briefly discuss 0 Students complete a “first write”: a list of all of the words they can think of associated with the topic Group Talk – just like on a field trip, the teacher presents the visuals and asks “What do you see?” Teacher acts as guide/docent & mediates discussion. Continuing the Journey 0 Exploring the Text Set 0 Read-alouds 0 Students read 0 Add to Vocab lists 0 Semantic Sorting Follow Up Writing Activities Reports Stories Class books Sample Vocabulary Visit: The Titanic 0 https://www.blendspace.com/lessons/QIeeJZp91QGS yA/vocabulary-visits-virtual-field-trips Websites 0 www.wordorigins.org 0 www.dictionary.com 0 http://www.voycabulary.com/ 0 Will create definition links on any webpage 0 www.readwritethink.org 0 Go to lessons, choose grade level, then “learning about language”, choose vocabulary Activity 0 Choose a topic and a vocabulary activity and explain how you would implement it in your classroom.