The Spanish theater

Elena Cañizares Aparicio
Celia Arroyo Molina
Lope de Vega
Federico García Lorca
Calderón de la Barca
Lope deVega was born on November the 25th of 1562, and died on August the 27th of 1635.
He was one of the most important poets and dramatist of the century of Spanish gold and, because
of the extension of his work, one of the major pieces’ producers of universal literature.
Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio, was
a member of a humble family
from Carriedo's valley, in the
Cantabrian mountain. His
parents were Félix de Vega, who
was a embroiderer, and
Francisca Fernandez Flórez.
He studied with the Jesuits of
Madrid and in Alcalá’s
university, but he didn´t
managed to get a degree.
It is very wide: approximately 400 bays remain, but he wrote
many more. As it has been said, Lope is the great author of the
popular theatre and, from this point of view, great part of his
dramatic pieces are essentially destined to be represented in
El villano en su rincón, published
by the first time in 1617, though
his composition is dated between
1611 and 1616
El caballero de Olmedo written
surely in 1620 and it is based on a
popular song.
Fuenteovejuna was composed in
three acts about 1613 and published
in Madrid in 1618 inside the volume
Dozena Parte of the Comedies of
Lope deVega.
El mejor alcalde, el rey waswritten
between 1620 and 1623, according to
Morley and Bruerton, and published
in 1635 in the 21st parts of this
author’s comedies.
In his last years of life Lope de Vega fell
in love with Marta de Nevares, in which
can be considered to be "a" "sacrilege“
due to his priest condition. Marta was
a very beautiful, green-eyed woman, as
Lope declares in some poems
dedicated to her, in which Lope refeers
to Marta as "Amaryllis" or "Marcia
Leonarda” . In this epoch of his life it
cultivated specially the comical and
philosophical poetry..
Calderón de la Barca was born on January 17, 1600, and died on May 25, 1681. He was a baroque
Spanish writer of the Golden century, fundamentally known by his theatre
He started going to the college
in 1605 in Valladolid, because
there the Court was the, but as
he stood out in the studies, his
father decided to destine him to
occupy a chaplaincy that was
reserved by the grandmother to
someone of the family that was a
In 1621 it took part in the
poetical contest which as
celebrated because of San
Isidro's beatification. Later he
also took place in the contest
of San Isidro’s canonization, in
1622, and gained the third
He decided to leave the
religious studies for the
military career and took a
slightly in a mess. He also
had problems in the
familiar area
Amor, honor y poder is his
Calderón published this work in
the Alcázar of Madrid, in June,
29th 1623, when he was 23 years
El médico de su honra is
a dramatic work, written
about 1637. It is fitted in the
baroque literature. It is
about honor and jealousies,
which are topics that
Calderón wrote about very
La dama duende is a
comedy. It was compound
and released in 1629. It was
published for the first time
in Primera parte de comedias de
don Pedro Calderón de la Barca,
in 1636
El alcalde de Zalamea is a
dramatic work which was
written in 1636. It is one of
the most known and
represented works in the
Golden century Spanish’s
literature. It is fitted in the
baroque literature.
When Calderón de la Barca died, he had written one hundred and ten comedies, and eighty
eucharistic plays, praises, appetizers and other minor works.
Calderón uses less number of figures and centres them concerning the protagonist, so
that the work has a clear center of gravity, which reinforces the dramatic intensity.
Federico García Lorca was born on June the 5th of 1898 and died on August the
19 th of 1936
Federico García Lorca was a poet and Spanish dramatist.
In 1915 he began to study Philosophy and Letters, as
well as Law in Granada’s University. H is a member of
El Rinconcillo, where he met Manuel de Falla. Between
1916 and 1917 he made a series of trips around Spain
with his university colleages, knowing Antonio
Machado. In 1919 it moves to Madrid and establishes
himself in the Students' Residence, coinciding with
numerous writers and intellectuals.
He wrote both poetry and theatre, but
in the last years he overturned more in
theatre. In his first poetry book he
proves to be rather modernist,
following the stela of Antonio
Machado, Rubén Darío and Salvador
Rueda. In the second stage links the
Modernism with the Forefront, having
a traditional base.
•1919.- “El maleficio de la mariposa”
•1923.- “El misterio de los reyes magos”
•1923.- “Mariana Pineda”
•1923.- “La niña que riega la albahaca y el príncipe preguntón”
•1923.- “Lola la comedianta
•1928.- “Teatro breve”
•1929.- “Viaje a la luna”
•1930.- “La zapatera prodigiosa”
•1931.- “Tragedia de Don Cristóbal y la Señá Rosita”
•1933.- “El público”
•1934.- “Yerma”
•1935.- “Doña Rosita la soltera o el lenguaje de las flores”
•1936.- “La casa de Bernarda Alba”
Luis Merlos
María Adánez
In “Aquí No Hay QuienViva”…
Luis Merlo in a theater play…
¿Who is Luis Merlo?
Luis Merlo is a Spanish actor very
famous because she is “Mauri” in Aquí
no hay quien viva and make many
theater plays.
Luis Merlo was born on June the
5th of 1966 in Madrid. He is the
son of two great actors and
grandson of another great actor.
When their parents divorced. His
grandfather teach to her grandos
all of the theater things. Their
three brothers are actors too.
In ´”Aquí No Hay Quien Viva”…
In “La Que Se Avecina”…
Who is María Adánez?
María Adanez is actress, executive producer
and Spanish guionist very famous, because she
is “Lucía” in Aquí no hay quien viva, and she’s
“Rebeca” in La que se avecina and make many
theater plays.
María Adánez was born on March
the 12th of1976 in Madrid. Since
she is 16 years she start to make
theater plays. She has participated
in many theater plays,
programmes and she has made
The "International Classical Theatre Festival of Almagro"
held in this historic town of "La Mancha" for 37 years, It
has become over time a meet for theater lovers.
Palacio de Fúcares
Plaza Mayor
Hospital de San Juan
Claustro del Museo
del teatro
Aruond the 40.000 persons go to meet, each edition, to go for many shows and activities that
it is programmed at June, it changing this beautiful city in a big scene where the vers and the
comics that they came on over the world amd they mingle with spectators and tourists, being
when the magic of theater comes anywhere. In Almagro everythigs are possible …
Iglesia de San Agustín
Ermita de San Juan
Corral de Comedias
Teatro Municipal