1 www.unisdr.org/campaign LGU www.unisdr.org Making LGUs Resilient: My Province is Getting Ready! LGU Summit Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines, 4-6 November 2010 Jerry Velasquez UNISDR secretariat (Regional Office Bangkok) 2 www.unisdr.org Philippines - Highly Susceptible to Disasters • Archipelago, composed of 7,100 islands with low lying areas • Highly susceptible to sea level rise • Among longest coastlines in the world with 32,400 kms (susceptible to storm surges) 3 www.unisdr.org From a report funded by Sweden and Canada released in January 2009 4 www.unisdr.org List of Vulnerable Provinces in the Philippines VUL: Climate change vulnerability index; RANK: Rank of climate change vulnerability index (across SEA); CHAZ: Multiple climate hazard index; SENS: Sensitivity index; ADAP: Index of inverse adaptive capacity; PDEN: Population density in 2000 (population/km2); PROT: Protected area (% of total area); POP: population (thousand); INC: per capita income in 2005 (US$PPP); POV: Poverty incidence; HDI: Human Development Index. Color coding: High vulnerability: red bold; moderate vulnerability: black bold; mild vulnerability: black. 5 from ASEAN Disaster Risk Management Initiative (ASEAN DRMI) Synthesis Report on Ten ASEAN Countries Disaster Risks Assessment www.unisdr.org undertaken by UNISDR, World Bank and Risk Management Solutions for ASEAN presented to ASEAN last week in Korea 6 www.unisdr.org Socio-economic impacts and trends We experience more storms than other hazards and they cause the most number of deaths The number of disaster events is increasing but the total number of deaths are decreasing 7 www.unisdr.org Socio-economic impacts and trends All hazards affect a large number of population The number of affected population is slightly increasing 8 www.unisdr.org Socio-economic impacts and trends Floods and storms cause the most economic damage, followed by forest fires Economic damage is increasing rapidly (18 times more since 1970) www.unisdr.org 9 The 20-year return period (an event with 5 per cent probability of exceedance) loss for all natural hazards is $1.208 billion (0.37 per cent of GDP PPP), while the 200-year return period (an event with 0.5 per cent probability of exceedance, generally corresponds to a catastrophic event) loss is $2.14 billion (0.66 per cent of GDP PPP). 10 www.unisdr.org From the Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2010, released last week in Korea by the United Nations (ESCAP and UNISDR) 11 www.unisdr.org For 20 months return period 12 www.unisdr.org Do you want similar but more detailed analysis for your province? • We cant do more without provincial level data on disaster damage and losses • Its available in your provinces, its just not put in a database and analyzed • UNDP and UNISDR can offer technical support through a system called “DesInventar” 13 2010 – 2011 World Disaster Reduction Campaign Making LGUs Resilient: My Province is Getting Ready! Objective Achieve resilient, sustainable local communities through actions taken by local government units to reduce disaster risk Know More www.unisdr.org Invest Wisely Build More Safely 14 2010 – 2011 www.unisdr.org Making LGUs Resilient: My Province is Getting Ready! Global Launch: 30 May 2010, Bonn, Germany Governors and Mayors from all regions symbolically signed up to the 10 campaign essentials 15 Sign up to the: Ten-Point Checklist - Essentials for Making LGUs Resilient www.unisdr.org LGU 16 Ten-Point Checklist - Essentials for Making LGUs Resilient Essential 1 - 4 1. Put in place organization & coordination to clarify everyone’s roles & responsibilities. 2. Assign a budget & provide incentives for homeowners, lowincome families, private sector to invest in risk reduction. 3. Update data on hazards & vulnerabilities, prepare & share risk assessments. www.unisdr.org 4. Invest in & maintain critical infrastructure, such as storm drainage. 17 5. Assess the safety of all schools and health facilities & upgrade these as necessary. Essential 5 One Million Safe Schools and Hospitals Pledging Initiative http://www.safe-schools-hospitals.net The campaign urges individuals or organizations to make a commitment to do specific actions on any of the three components that could make schools and hospitals safer before a disaster: Public awareness, Emergency and disaster preparedness, and www.unisdr.org Disaster risk reduction To make people aware about safe schools and hospitals To be prepared in case of emergencies and disasters To contribute time, effort or resources to make schools and hospitals safer 18 6. Enforce risk-compliant building regulations & land use planning principles, identify safe land for low-income citizens. Essential 6 - 10 7. Ensure education programmes & training on disaster risk reduction are in place in schools and local communities. 8. Protect ecosystems & natural buffers to mitigate hazards, adapt to climate change. www.unisdr.org 9. Install early warning systems & emergency management capacities. 10. After any disaster, ensure that the needs of the affected population are at the centre of reconstruction. 19 Sasakawa Award for Disaster Risk Reduction 2011 - Prize Money: US$50,000 (Will be shared between the Sasakawa Laureate/s and recipient/s of the Certificates of Distinction and Merit) www.unisdr.org - Presented biennially during the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GP) - Next Award Ceremony: Beginning of May 2011, Geneva, Switzerland - All information available at: http://www.unisdr.org/eng/sasakawa 20 Sasakawa Award for Disaster Risk Reduction 2011 Who is eligible? Individuals / institutions that have carried out outstanding and internationally-recognized action that contributes to the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action Achievements should be linked to the Making LGUs Resilient: My Province Is Getting Ready campaign and address issues of local governance and urban risk www.unisdr.org Nomination & Selection Process Nominations should be submitted to the UNISDR secretariat by 28 February 2011. An international jury will decide on the Award winners. The Call for Nominations is now open! 21 www.unisdr.org Permanent provincial coordinating office for DRR, Albay, Philippines The provincial government of established an independent and institutionalized disaster risk reduction office with permanent staff. The government decentralized and mainstreamed disaster risk reduction into local governments’ plans and programmes. 22 www.unisdr.org Building local capacity- safer homes, Vietnam A French NGO worked with local governments to promote cyclone-resistant buildings and related awareness-raising activities for local communities. Local Leadership remains now in local governments Training, education, public awareness resulted in safer homes and communities Local government network sharing experience in Vietnam functioning. 23 www.unisdr.org Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme, Bangladesh A whole-of-government strategy led by the Government of Bangladesh and implemented by a range of local government and private organizations. Standardized community risk assessment, and helped develop local action plans for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the work of government authorities. Provides a local funding structure to implement priority actions, motivating local authorities and communities to take part. 24 www.unisdr.org Urban Flood Early Warning System, Jakarta, Indonesia Improved Flood Early Warning System for Jakarta, been a true multi-stakeholder process, involving many local authorities and partners. AIMING TO GET THE WARNING TO COMMUNITY LEVEL, improving existing system Technical improvements mean that earlier flood warnings are now possible. Preparedness capacity has been built and streamlined. 25 www.unisdr.org Civil Protection- community projects Acajutla Municipality, El Salvador •Reducing Vulnerabilities in Ahuachapán and Sonsonate Programme (PRVAS) •Improve collaboration between NGOs, local government authorities and local communities. --strengthening existing Civil Protection Committees and communitybased DRR projects: •disaster preparedness training, drills and simulations, small mitigation projects, community awareness raising and support for community action. 26 www.unisdr.org Community Awareness: Serua and Namosi provinces, Fiji •long-term approach to strengthening local level disaster risk reduction, UNDP Pacific Centre with multiple partners and stakeholders •raised awareness of the links between development and flooding within the planning process, •developed early warning systems, supported communities to assess their vulnerabilities, drawn up plans of action and put those plans into practice. •Provincial Administration of Serua and Namosi provinces were highly committed. 27 Thank you LGU United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction www.unisdr.org [email protected] www.unisdr.org/campaign 28 2010 – 2011 Making LGUs Resilient: My Province is Getting Ready! LGUs commitments were achieved in regional launches and related events in Bonn, Davos, Lima, Delhi and Durban. Participating LGUs – Role Model LGUs - Champions www.unisdr.org The following Philippines cities / provinces joined the campaign: Albay Province, Dagupan City, Dumangas City, Makati City, Pasig City, Saint Bernhard City, San Francisco City. 29 Benefits for cities to join the campaign Participating LGUs will have access to campaign specific information and knowledge: Invitation to policy dialogues, learning workshops, and other campaign-related events at the global and regional level. Access to "Induction packages" for local governments on urban risk in collaboration with training centres and academia, promoting capacity development and learning opportunities for cities and local governments in each region. www.unisdr.org High-visibility media events and communication tools. UN-Sasakawa Award for Disaster Risk Reduction 2010-2011, which will prioritize nominations from cities who participate in the Campaign. Additional resources and opportunities are under negotiation (2011) www.unisdr.org 30 www.unisdr.org 31 32 Population Density - The population density map was obtained from the Urban Extent Database (GRUMP version 1) of the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University (http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw); the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); the World Bank; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). The data is in geographic coordinates of decimal degrees based on the World Geodetic System spheroid of 1984 (WGS84) in 30- arc-second (1-km) resolution. www.unisdr.org Protected Areas - Areas Declared as National/Protected Parks Data on national/protected parks as well as maps were obtained from the Terrestrial Ecoregions GIS Database of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) at http://www.worldwildlife.org/science/data/item1875.html.