Take out a sheet of notebook paper • Write your name (first and last) in the upper right corner of the paper. • Write the period number under your name like this, Period 1 • In the center of the top line of your paper write the words “Earth Science”. • Your paper should now look like this… • Brian Johnson Period 1 Earth Science • Number down the left margin starting with number “1” on the second line from the top line • Count down three (3) lines and then write the number “2”. • Continue doing this until you get to “6”. • Next to the number “6” copy the following question… • “Why is Earth Science important?” • Your paper should now look like this… • Earth Science 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why is Earth Science important? Brian Johnson Period 1 Last things to do… • A. Put the name of one branch of science next to each number (1 through 5). • B. If you think you know what it is, explain or define it. • C. Tell something you would learn about when you study that branch of science. • READY?? ANY QUESTIONS?? GO… • Earth Science 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why is Earth Science important? Brian Johnson Period 1 What is Earth Systems? Earth Systems • The scientific study of Earth and the universe around it. The 5 Branches of Earth Science • • • • • Geology Oceanography Meteorology Astronomy Environmental Science Geology • The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that shape Earth. – Study the crust – Study Earth’s interior – Study of fossils Oceanography • The scientific study of the ocean. – – – – Waves Tides Ocean currents Ocean floor Meteorology • The scientific study of Earth’s atmosphere. – Weather • What is happening today. – Climate • The patterns of weather that occur over periods of time. Astronomy • The scientific study of the universe. – One of the oldest branches of Earth science – Babylonians charted the positions of planets and stars nearly 4,000 years ago Environmental Science • Study the ways in which humans interact with their environment. – Natural resources – Pollution – Health of plant and animal species on Earth The Importance of Earth Systems • Natural forces not only shape Earth but also affect life on Earth. – – – – – – Earthquake Tsunami Tornado Hurricane Volcano Landslide The Importance of Earth Systems • Earth provides the resources that make life as we know it possible. • Earth scientists strive to help people use these resources wisely. THE END????