Chapter 5 Study Guide

Ms. Areces
World History
Chapter 5 Study Guide
Directions: Write down key information for each topic. All of the information can be found in
your notes (the study guide goes in order of your notes, but your test will not be in this order). I
suggest doing it on another sheet of paper so that you have more room to write. Please have it
completed and ready to turn in on Monday for A Day (11/24/14) or Tuesday for B Day
(11/25/14) when you take your test. You will be rewarded if you do so. 
1. Minoan civilization
2. Government of Minoans vs. government of Mycenaeans
3. Trojan War
4. Heinrich Schliemann
5. The Iliad and the Odyssey (what they tell us)
6. Iliad (related to the Trojan War)
7. Geography affects the government of Greece
8. Reasons why the seas were vital to Greece
9. Polis (levels)
10. Greek governmental changes (750 BC – 500 BC)
11. 650 BC: Iron (significance)
12. Phalanx (significance)
13. Spartan babies
14. Spartan boys vs. Spartan girls
15. Spartans develop their cunning
16. Spartans as isolationists
17. 594 BC: Solon’s reforms
18. Tyrants
19. Council of 500
20. Athenian democracy (restrictions)
21. Importance of slave labor in Athens
22. Greek religious beliefs
23. Greeks and “barbarians”
24. Persian Wars (people)
25. Themistocles’s advice after Marathon
26. Spartans/Persians vs. Athens/Persians
Ms. Areces
World History
27. Athenian warships
28. Delian League vs. Peloponnesian League
29. Age of Pericles
30. Direct democracy
31. Ostracism
32. Peloponnesian War
33. Geographic disadvantage in the Peloponnesian War
34. Sophists
35. Rhetoric
36. Greek philosophers
37. Socrates’s trial/death sentence
38. Plato mistrust of democracy
39. Greek architecture
40. Greek sculptures (before and after)
41. Antigone (moral of the story)
42. Greek comedies & political cartoons
43. Herodotus and Thucydides (significance)
44. King Philip’s goals of conquering after 338 BC
45. Why Alexander the Great did not keep moving east
46. Legacy of Alexander the Great (long-lasting)
47. Women in the Hellenistic Age
48. Stoicism
49. Pythagoras
50. Hippocratic oath