Animation II Art 311 Lecture 12 Dr. J.R. Parker Fall 2010 How do we make an animation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Get an idea. Build a storyboard. Scrum and edit Build key frames Drawings Build film Add sound How do we make an animation 1. Get an idea. This is not always the hard part. Short animations are easier; long ones are like films. We can find 3-4 good ideas in a few minutes. Get a small group – get one to say a word, next person to expand, next person to suggest something interesting/funning about dogs, … How do we make an animation 2. Build a storyboard. Hard work A storyboard is a set of drawings, in temporal sequence, showing the progression of the animation (story). How do we make an animation From Ridley Scott’s production company RSA films - a set of different kinds of boards for a TV commercial for the British mobile company Orange. How do we make an animation How do we make an animation How do we make an animation How do we make an animation How do we make an animation How do we make an animation How do we make an animation 3. Scrum and edit Meet with the team and walk through the storyboard, explaining / acting each frame and the possible script beneath it. Egoless reception of critique is essential to the project. How do we make an animation Build key frames These are the drawings from which all other action is derived. How do we make an animation 5. Drawings Between key frames are ‘tweens’. These drawings move the action from one key frame to the next, and must be perfectly consistent with all other drawings. They are often done by a set of artists, and so consistency is hard. We use computers and software these days. How do we make an animation 6. Build film Collect the frames in a sequence and place them next to each other in a video or film. We can use Microsoft Movie maker (primitive) or Videomach (better) How do we make an animation 7. Add sound This is fun (for me anyway). Creating and editing the sound track requires skill and timing. Mix music, voice over acting, and effects again using software. OK, let’s do one. Idea? Something very simple for a very short animation. A ball hitting a wall, perhaps? OK, let’s do one. So we use a drawing program (or a pencil and a scanner, I suppose) to create an initial storyboard (which in this case is very very simple) We will show a basketball thrown towards the basket, and splatting against the backboard like a pumpkin. Images were borrowed from the web (Google image) OK, let’s do one. OK, let’s do one. If this takes 1.5 seconds then it will be 36 frames! 4 keys -> 12 frames per, The ball will spin … So we need a series of ball drawings/images that show this rotation. We can then place them into consecutive frames The GIF version of this is set to a slow frame rate. We can see some flaws. AVI is set faster. How did we make the gif? By using the Videomach tool. How did we make the gif? Video can be saved as a GIF, AVI, and other formats.. What else did I do? There are 20 rotated ball images. I use a different one each time. I use a marked template of the basic image showing consecutive ball positions. Using paint, I copied ball images into the template for consecutive frames. Some ball images needed to have a transparent background, so the backboard could be seen. I used LView … For transparent backgrounds I used Photoshop to place the ball in the template, since it understands transparency. I placed a bunch of empty templates at the end of the animation. Transparent background in GIF 1. Load image into LView. Transparent background in GIF 2. Select RETOUCH and tyhen Background Color. Transparent background in GIF 3. A window will pop up. Click on ‘DROPPER’. Transparent background in GIF 4. The pop will vanish, the cursor will be a dropper. Click in the area of the image that is background. Transparent background in GIF 4. Now select FILE .. SAVE. Do not select SAVE-AS Transparent background in GIF The white area around the ball is now transparent. Any program that recognizes transparency will show the background through this color ANYWHERE IN THE IMAGE. Background color can be any color selected. This will be useful again later when we talk about Second Life. We can now, for instance, place our animation over top of a fixed background. Transparent background in GIF Transparent background in GIF Demos and examples We can now do some stuff with LView Paint Videomach.