Mr. D. H. is a 81 year old married Caucasian male.
He is seen as resident in the nursing facility with “pain and burning to both feet and
ankles”. He also complains of weakness to both legs, worse in the evenings.
Mr. D.H. states that the pain, burning and weakness to bilateral feet and ankles started
3 months ago with mild symptoms, starting with tingling of toes and has increasing
gotten worse and has moved upward toward his ankles. He now states the burning pain
is a 7 out of 10 on 1-10 scale and has “been really bad for a week and a half.” He states
that it gets worse in the evening and rest occasionally relieves the weakness but not the
burning and pain. Mr. H. is a type 2 diabetic which is currently controlled with oral
medications. He has a history of uncontrolled DMII.
Type II Diabeties Mellitus (Dg. 1992)
Hypertension (Dg. 1992)
Hypercholesterolemia (Dg. 1992)
Third Degree Heart Block (Dg. 2008)
Cardiac Stress test 2008- abnormal
Cardiac Catheterization 2008- No Intervention, minimal blockages
Hospitalized in 2012 for Hypoglycemia
Surgical Hx:
Cataract sx (2004)
Permanent Pacemaker Insertion- 2008
Father- decreased at age 60 from MVA; Hx of HTN, DM, Alcohol abuse
Mother: deceased at age 81, HTN, gastroparesis with gastric pacemaker, and
DJD with Kyphosis
4 children:
61 yo M: HTN x 6 years
58 yo F: no known medical problems
53 yo F: DMII x 1 year
26 yo M: deceased x 20 years, GSW
Married, lives in local nursing facility with wife. Retired as an electrician with
high school diploma and 5 years of technical school training. Smoked 1ppd
cigarettes x 40years (Quit 20 years ago). No history of alcohol, drug use, has had
1 lifetime sexual partner.
Current Medications:
Metformin 1000mg BID (Started 3/2010)
Simvastatin 20mg qHS (2008)
Hydrochlorothiazide 25mg qAM (1990)
Omega 3-acid 1000mg qAM (2008)
All vaccinations up to date
Receives FLU vaccine yearly, will be administered next week by nursing
Dental: Wears dentures, sees dentist yearly, last visit in April 2014
Vision: Wears Bifocals, sees optometrist yearly, last visit in April 2014
Exercise: Ambulates and performs physical activities with physical
therapy. Has refused for the past 10 days due to increased foot/ankle
Diet: Good appetite. On Diabetic, Cardiac diet at nursing facility.
Allowed to have snacks not provided by facility, patient states he usually
snacks on cheese crackers and apples and drinks a diet soda daily.
Risk Assessment: FH: Alcohol abuse, gastroparesis, and DJD; already
diagnosed with HTN and DMII. PH: Smoking
No fever, recent weight loss or gain, or recent illness, well-developed
Denies change in LOC, seizures, balance problems, dizziness or
headaches. c/o pain and burning to bilateral ankles and feet. Also c/o of
weakness to legs bilaterally
Denies changes in mood, memory loss, anxiety, depression or thoughts
of death or suicide.
Denies change in eyesight, double or blurred vision, or trauma to eyes. Eyes
appear normal, no redness or excessive tearing. Wears bifocal glasses.
Wears dentures, no natural teeth, denies congestion, rhinorrhea, ear pain, sore
throat, or tender lymph nodes. Hard of hearing, wears hearing aids.
Denies SOB, cough, smoke exposure, orthopnea, and PND.
Denies chest pain, palpitations, and edema. Normal EKG in February 2014 and
normal stress test and heart cath in 2008, PPM in 2008.
Denies abdominal pain, heartburn, indigestion, nausea, vomiting or abnormal
bowel patterns. Good appetite.
Denies hematuria, burning, nocturia, incontinence, urgency, or frequency,
c/o muscle weakness to lower legs, and burning and pain to ankles and feet.
Denies joint pain, stiffness or swelling, difficulty walking, difficulty with ROM or
cool or hot extremities.
Denies abnormal rashes, change in skin color, varicosities, bruising, lesions or
hair loss. Denies injury, wound or skin breakdown to bilateral feet. He states
that he checks feet regularly.
Endocrine: Denies thyroid problems, body temperature changes, weight changes, or
hormonal therapy.
Hema/Lymph: Denies history of blood transfusions, anemia or slow to heal wounds. No
abnormal bruising apparent.
Allergic/Immune: Denies allergies to any medications. Denies exposure to diseases, and
use of steroids. All immunizations up to date.
O: Ht: 6’0 Wt: 174lbs BMI:23.6
Vital signs BP: 139/71 HR: 60 RR: 24 T: 97.7
General Appearance: Well developed, frail, NAD, appropriate color, does not appear to be in
Normal appearance, PERRLA, normal visual acuity, extra ocular movements and fields of
vision intact, wears bifocals.
TM normal, gray and non-bulging, throat normal, no redness or ulcerations noted,
tonsils normal, nares patent, no post nasal drainage noted, no lymphadenopathy, voice
normal, no cyanosis, sinuses non-tender. No enlargement of thyroid.
Respiratory: Lungs clear to auscultation, normal respiratory pattern, chronic cough
Normal heart sounds, S1S2, regular, no murmur, no edema, clubbing or cyanosis,
capillary refill < 2 seconds, bilateral radial pulses equal. PPM noted to L SC chest wall. 2+
pedal and post tibial pulses bilaterally.
Abdomen non-tender, BS positive, no hepatomegaly
No gross abnormalities
Normal ROM, ambulates with walker, has been using a wheelchair x 10 days due to
increased leg pain, no joint swelling or contractures.
Normal. No pallor, cyanosis, suspicious bruising, rashes or lesions. No
lymphadenopathy. Thinning skin- no lesions, tears or breakdown of skin noted.
No wounds, lesions or breakdown noted to bilateral feet.
Alert and Oriented to person, place and time. Decreased sensation to feet
Bilaterally with decreased pinprick sensation. Ankle reflexes normal.
Normal behavior, no signs of psychiatric disorder or distress. No forgetfulness or
signs of delirium or dementia.
Hema/Immune: Normal appearance, no abnormal bruising or apparent illness.
Visit level : 99310 Subsequent visit with Comp. Hx, Comp. Exam, high complexity
medical decision making, typical time- 35 minutes
1. Diabetic Neuropathy 250.61
2. Type II Diabetes, w/ unspecified complications 250.90
3. Hypertension, unspecified 401.9
4. Hypercholesterolemia 272.0
Differential Diagnoses:
1. Peripheral Vascular Disease 443.9
Diagnostic tests:
Blood Glucose: 94
CBC: wbc-7.8 H&H- 12.3/37 Plat- 212 (9/22/14)
BMP: Na- 135 K+- 4.0 BUN-19 Creat- 1.1 (9/22/14)
HgA1C- 6.7 (9/22/14)
1. Neurontin (gabapentin) 300mg PO at bedtime x 3days, then 300mg BID x 3 days then
then 300mg TID. If pain still unresolved, may titrate higher dose as needed. For
neuropathic pain. Use generic.
MOA: exact mechanism of action unknown; blocks voltage-dependent calcium
channels, modulating excitatory neurotransmitter release.
Nursing Facility will provide
Walgreens: $19.30
Estimated cash price: $99.00
Publix: $12.92
Estimated cash price: $63.00
Target: $13.42
Estimated cash price: $29.00
2. Maintain blood sugars in normal range
3. Continue Physical Therapy
4. Recommend Ankle-Brachial Index testing if able to ambulate for 5 minutes at a time.
1. Maintain proper foot care by washing feet daily and drying thoroughly and daily
monitoring of injury or wound to feet.
2. Avoid factors that may decrease circulation and injury to feet such as wearing
sandals or tight socks. Never go barefooted and wear well-fitting socks and shoes.
3. Stress importance of Physical Therapy
4. Reinforce cardiac diabetic diet
Follow Up:
Consider referral to a foot care specialist especially if injury or wound arises.
2. Will reassess next week on weekly rounds.
3. If issues arise, Nursing staff will notify.
4. If ABIs able to be completed, may refer to vascular surgeon for guidance.