Name _______________________ Date _______________ Block _______ Study Guide for Chapter 5 Test (Skeletal System) Anatomy and Physiology 1. Define skeletal system. What does this system consist of? 2. List 5 functions of the skeletal system. 3. How many bones make up the adult skeleton? 4. Draw, label and identify the parts of a long bone. 5. Bones are classified into 4 groups based on what? Name the 4 groups 6. Define the following terms: osteocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclast, and chondrocytes 7. What is ossification? 8. Define fracture 9. How are fractures treated? 10.Identify 6 types of fractures. (define each type) 11.Distinguish between open-reduction and closed-reduction. 12.What are the 2 divisions of the skeleton? 13.Identity the main components of each division of the skeleton. 14.Name the 8 large bones that make up the cranium. 15.Name the 14 bones of the face. 16.What are the 4 regions of the spine? (be able to label a diagram) 17.How many pairs of ribs are there in the skeleton? 18.Distinguish between scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis. 19.What 3 bones makeup the sternum? (Be able to draw and label) 20.Define the following: True ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs 21.List 3-4 differences between male and female pelvis bone. 22.What are joints? 23.What is another term for the word “joint”? 24.Identify 3 types of structural joints. 25.Identify 3 types of functional joints. 26.List 6 kinds of synovial joints. Give examples of each. 27.What effect does aging have on the skeleton? (list at least 3) 28. What are the parts and functions of the long bone? ***Study anterior and posterior diagram of skeleton Study diagram of long bone and skull Study all notes given by the instructor. Extra 5% on test if study guide is completed and turned in. All or nothing rule applies.