Chapter 5: The Skeletal System

Name _________________
Chapter 5 Learning Objectives:
The Skeletal System
5.1 Bones: An Overview
5.1.1 ______Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular.
5.1.2 ______List functions of the skeletal system.
5.1.3 ______Name the four main kinds of bones.
5.1.4 ______Identify the major anatomical areas of a long bone.
5.1.5 ______Name and describe the six various types of fractures.
5.2 Axial Skeleton
5.2.1______On a skull or diagram, identify and name the bones of the skull.
5.2.2 ______Name the parts of a typical vertebra and explain in general how the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar
vertebrae differ from one another.
5.2.3 ______Discuss the importance of the intervertebral discs and spinal curvatures.
5.2.4 ______Explain how the abnormal spinal curvatures (scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis) differ from one
5.3 Appendicular Skeleton
5.3.1 ______Identify on a skeleton or diagram the bones of the shoulder and pelvic girdles and their attached
5.3.2______Describe important differences between a male and female pelvis.
5.4 Joints/Developmental Aspects
5.4.1 ______Name the three major categories of joints and compare the amount of movement allowed by each.
5.4.2 ______Name the six types of synovial joints, give examples and compare the type of movement by each.
5.4.3 ______ Explain the causes, characteristics and affects of inflammatory joint disorders including: arthritis,
Rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
5.4.4 ______Identify some of the causes of bone and joint problems throughout life.