8A Study Guide

1. Motivation is defined by psychologists as
2. A complex, unlearned, and fixed pattern of behavior common to all members of a species is
called a(n)
3. Cotemporary psychologists are most likely to consider _________ to be a human instinct.
a. Infant sucking
b. Curiosity
c. The need to belong
d. Religious ritual
e. The experience of flow
4. Like evolutionary psychology, instinct theory most clearly assumed that behavior is influenced
5. List and describe the four different perspectives to explain motivation-
6. A need refers to what?
7. An aroused or activated state that is often triggered by a physiological need is called a(n):
8. For a thirsty person, drinking water serves to reduce ___________________________.
9. An incentive is a:
10. What is homeostasis?
11. The influence of personal and cultural experience on our wants and desires can most clearly be
seen in the influence of _____________________ on motivation.
12. Draw, label and describe Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
13. What did the Washburn balloon experiment prove?
14. Hunger is located wherein the brain? Describe the two different parts.
15. Blood glucose levels are regulated by secretions of __________________ by the pancreas.
16. What is orexin? What does it do?
17. What would happen to an animal if there was damage or destruction to its ventromedial
18. Ghrelin, a hormone that influences appetite, is secreted by the:
19. What is obestatin? What does it do?
20. Describe what PYY will do to a person.
21. The set point is:
22. An explanation of motivation in terms of homeostasis is best illustrated by the concept of:
23. Basal metabolic rate is the body’s resting rate of:
24. What is neophobia?
25. The recipes commonly used in countries with hot climates are more likely to include _______
than those in countries with colder climates.
26. What is the refractory period?
27. People consume more ice cream when scooping it with a big scoop rather than a small one. This
best illustrates:
28. Describe anorexia, bulimia, and binge eaters. Make sure to include causes and effects.
29. If you have a high BMI you are more likely to be:
30. If your close friend becomes obese, the odds of you likewise becoming obese increases. This
best illustrates the impact of __________________________ on obesity.
31. Describe the four stages in the sexual response cycle.
32. The time span after an orgasm during which a male cannot be aroused to another orgasm is
33. What is Depo-Provera and what does it do to males?
34. List and describe the two different sex hormones.
35. Viewing images of sexually attractive women and men may lead people to do what to their own
partner and relationships?
What is HPV and what can it lead to?
What is sexual orientation?
What are some reasons for sexually active teenagers? List at least 3.
What is fraternal birth order and what does it have to do with sexual orientation?
Our need to belong is most clearly threatened by what?
What is “cyber-ostracism” and what have researchers discovered about it?