# Map Skills - St. Aidan School

```Using Globes
 They
are models of the
Earth.
 They are shaped like a ball,
or sphere.
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2.
3.
4.
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7.
Africa
Antarctica
Asia
Australia
Europe
North America
South America
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Southern Ocean
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
The equator is an imaginary line that circles
the Earth.
It is halfway between the North and South
poles and divides the Earth into half spheresnorth and south.
The Prime Meridian is an imaginary line that
circles the Earth.
 It divides the Earth into half spheres-east and
west.
 It passes through
Greenwich, England.
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Latitude lines run east and west just like the
equator.
They are also called parallel lines.
Latitude is measured in degrees similar to the
degrees for measuring temperature. ()
Latitude lines are used to measure how far
north or south of the equator a location is.
The equator is located at 0
line of latitude.
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Longitude lines run north and south.
They are also called meridians.
Longitude is measure in degrees ().
Longitude lines are used to measure how far
east or west of the Prime Meridian a location
is.
The Prime Meridian is
located at the 0 line of
longitude.

Hemi means half so hemisphere means half
of a sphere or globe.
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4.
Northern hemisphere- north of the Equator
Southern hemisphere-south of the Equator
Western hemisphere-west of the Prime Meridian
(North and South America)
Eastern hemisphere-east of the Prime Meridian
(Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia)
```