Nazis and Young People Lesson starter: Why would the Nazis think that young people were key in maintaining their power? We are learning to… • Explain the changes in Education made by the Nazis • Identify the opposing views on the Youth Movements I can… • Complete a table analysing the popularity of the Youth Movements • Complete a N5 HW question on the changes in education • Young people were very important to the Nazis • If they could get them on their side at a young age, they would hopefully support the Nazis as adults • Hitler wanted to indoctrinate young people • This meant the next generation of adults would be obedient Nazi followers It doesn’t matter what you think, your children are mine already Education • School curriculum and textbooks rewritten by the Nazis • All schoolbooks had to be approved by the Nazi authorities • Biology taught the difference between races (eugenics) • Maths became questions about bombs and ammunition • Jews were humiliated by teachers until they were eventually put into Jewish schools • Teachers had to join the National Socialist League of Teachers – if they didn’t they were sacked • PE replaced RE – more useful for future war • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/indoctr ination-in-nazi-germany/3282.html • "A bomber aircraft on take-off carries 12 dozen bombs, each weighing 10 kilos. The aircraft takes off for Warsaw the international centre for Jews. It bombs the town. On take-off with all bombs on board and a fuel tank containing 100 kilos of fuel, the aircraft weighed about 8 tons. When it returns from the crusade, there are still 230 kilos left. What is the weight of the aircraft when empty ?" Maths problem in a textbook during the Nazi period. • "To keep a mentally ill person costs approximately 4 marks a day. There are 300,000 mentally ill people in care. How much do these people cost to keep in total? How many marriage loans of 1000 marks could be granted with this money?" Maths problem in a textbook during the Nazi period. The Youth Organisations Hitler Youth (Boys) • Hitler Jugend (HJ) • Age 14 – 18 (also organisations for younger boys – Little Fellows) • Boys wore uniform • harsh punishments for ‘weaklings’ • They did lots of outdoor activities and sports • Some activities very army-like – using a bayonet, trench digging • Children taught anti-Jewish messages • Tests – reward a dagger marked ‘Blood and Honour’ • Encouraged to inform on parents and friends League of German Maidens (girls) • • • • • • Bund Deutscher Madel (BDM) Ages 14 – 21 Girls kept totally separate from boys Did similar activities – sports, singing etc Also trained to do first aid Taught how to be a good wife – cook, clean, sew etc • Taught about the ‘Mother’s Cross’ for having up to 8 children (bronze, silver and gold) • Girls not allowed to cut hair or wear makeup – birth control forbidden and frowned upon Hitler Youth – Key Points • By early 1936, 6 million children had signed up voluntarily – why? • The Youth organisations became compulsory from 1936 • Other youth organisations were banned • Parents threatened with children being removed from them and sent to orphanages if they didn’t go Video Clips – take notes to use for next task • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/girlsand-boys-in-nazi-germany/5675.html • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/hitleryouth/3283.html • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/hitleryouth-indoctrination-of-the-young/3281.html • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/whywas-the-hitler-youth-so-important/3264.html • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/youngpeople-in-nazi-germany/5674.html The Hitler Youth – Fun or forced? The Hitler Youth was popular (with young people and adults) The Hitler Youth was not popular (with young people and adults) Use class notes, the video clips and page 75-79 of the textbook to add as many pros/ cons of the Youth movements into the table. Extension 1: Redesigning the curriculum • Imagine you are the Minister for Education in Nazi Germany • Write a list of all the subjects taught in St Andrew’s • Explain how you would change the material taught in each to reflect the Nazi agenda Extension 2 • Use one jotter page to create a poster for the Hitler Youth (boys) and the opposite page for the League of German maidens • Your posters should include the types of activities covered by each • Use p77 of the textbook for extra information ‘Youth serves the Führer’ N5 Question • Explain the significance of the Nazi changes to the education system after 1933. 5 marks • You must explain why the Nazis changed what they did i.e. The Nazis replaced RE with more PE as this would produce a fitter next generation for war and the children wouldn’t gain any anti-Nazi views through RE.