Int. Grade Science
The Earth is like a
The Wetlands are like a
Chemical Bonding is like a
Same words & phrases in creative ways to explain things to one another.
Encourages the listener to think - more creative or strange it is - more interesting it is.
More direct & uses less words to describe things.
Establishes a relationship of likeness.
Fills in the Gaps in language, could be used to create new meanings to difficult new concepts.
Common & well understood experiences for complex & abstract information.
Lectures, creative writing, reviewing information,
& to teach new difficult concepts.
Everyday conversation uses of at least 4 metaphors per minute.
Many are “hidden” or “embedded” into our language.
Prompts original thoughts, creative thinking.
Antelope Island & the
Great Salt Lake are surrounded by Wetlands that are very Valuable
(“Priceless”) to the area.
(Wetland Metaphor Handout / Video)
“Quiet as a Mouse”
“Red as a Cherry”
“Strong as a Tree”
“Round like a Ball”
“Acts like a Sponge”
“Clear as Glass”
“Formed like a Snowball rolling down a hill”
“Slippery like Ice”
(Electrons on Copper Wire)
doesn’t need anyone (Noble Gases)
Acting / Role Playing
Taking a Familiar or Common Trait and used it to describe a New Ideas or Form of
Matching Similarities between Things
Making Emotion Connections
Use Language at Learners Level
Develop Common Uses & Descriptions
Metaphors should include:
Structure / Style
Uses / Performance
Habits / Work
Relates to another
Concept / Idea
Puns / Play on words
Rhyming / Poetry
“Masterpiece” / “Acorn” / “Mountain” Articles
Computer works like a
Nervous System looks like a
Solar Systems looks like a
Eyes work like an
Feathers up their
Synectics - Uses ANALOGIES
– New ideas, music, inventions
Self Expressive & Personal
Add Emotional Connection
Must be Understandable
Connections between Old & New Knowledge
Acting Out Concepts, Objects, etc…
Create an “Analogy” with these topics.
Act it out.
“A Car Engine is like ………..”
“Erupting Volcano is like ………..”
“Electricity flowing through a wire is like ………..”
“Chemical Explosion is like ………..”
“Roller Coaster Ride is like ………..”
“Computer Processing is like ………..”
“Television is like ………..”
“Old Shoe is like ………..”
visual styles, written, visual aids, games, and role play uses for metaphors in learning new science concepts.
will give example
notes and picture reviews using visual metaphors.
will instruct the students
on the steps and designs to create metaphors in science.
will give evaluations and feedback
students progress and completed projects.
Sample Visual Aids
Picture Page Reviews
Games of “Win, Lose, and Draw” / “Charades”
Role Playing - Synectics
Sayings, Vivid Descriptions
Student Created Visual Aids
– Metaphoric Projects
Students will be
introduced to new concepts
and terms in this Chemistry unit.
create new “visual aids”
or/and written metaphors examples that could be used to explain other key science concepts or terms in
learn to write and connect metaphors
to new terms and concepts in the
Chemistry unit with applied knowledge from their
English Metaphor unit.
use visual aids
to experiment writing metaphors and brainstorming connected to science concepts.
demonstrate their metaphoric knowledge
by participating in Role Playing and
“Win, Lose, and Draw” games as teams.
a Metaphor form that explains a Concept in Science.
Student’s Metaphors will be
used for teaching and reviewing a concept
1 Metaphor Type to design:
- Review Handout
- Teaching Handout
– Model or Object
– “Win, Lose, or Draw” or “Password”
– Synectics / Charades
the Definition / Concept
all the Possibilities you can use
with you ideas
– Finalize on one
a metaphor form to illustrate the new concept. (Chose 1 form)
metaphor to Class
– Similarities / Differences
Different Large Cats
– like Lions have a male leader and female hairium
Like a Cheetah the mother does the raising of the offspring's
Connections to concepts
Peer Review / Peer Recognition
Challenge / Competition
Candy / Rewards
Grade / Teacher Recognition
Zone of Proximal Learning
Peer Understanding of Created Metaphors
Participation in Activities / Discussions
Pop Quizzes / Test
Research / Brainstorming / Concept
Creation of a Metaphor for a Concept
Rubric for Metaphor Project