The Communication Age- CHAPTER 1 WE CREATE OUR REALITY Communication Age - An age in which communication, technology, and media coverage and deeply permeate daily life. Convergence - The ways in which the many forms of technologically mediated and communication overlap and intersect in our daily lives. Example: When you continue a conversation with a friend in person that you both started on Twitter. Permeate - Saturate or infuse Digital Natives - People for whom digital technologies already existed when they were born. Digital Immigrants - People for whom digital technologies were adopted and learn later in life. Metaverse - Virtual counterpart to the physical universe. Augmented Realities - Blend of physical and virtual realities. We exist in multiple places simultaneously. Example: You may physically be in on place, but if you are active on twitter or facebook then virtually you are in another place. So you exist in multiple places at once. BENEFITS OF COMMUNICATION Able to establish relationships through ideas then communicate them. Benefits: - Develop positive self-concept - Employers seek out good communicators - Increase your ability to evaluate media critically - Build healthy, vibrant communities - Engage in democratic citizenship - Drive social change and reform WHAT IS COMMUNICATION? The collaborative process of using messages to create and participate in social reality. Creative connectivity - A simultaneous experience of self and other. - Exchanging gifts (yourself) and services. First it’s a process with no clear beginning or end Collaborative - Requires others. Message - Common use of symbols signs and gestures. Creative - Creates and shapes reality Participatory - Take part in social reality Communication must be HUMAN Language is critical to humanity CONTEXTS OF COMMUNICATION Face-to-face communication - Situations in which the participants who are physically or bodily present speak directly to one another during the interaction. Mediated Communication - Communication or messages that are transmitted through some type of medium. Interpersonal Communication - Communication with or between persons - Occurs between people who approach one another as individuals in a relationship (personal/ intimate relationship or impersonal/public relationship) Small Group Communication - The communication among the members of a small group of people working together to achieve a common goal or purpose. - They contain at least three members Examples: Families, organizations, classrooms, and athletic teams Public Communication - Situation in which a person in which a person delivers a message to an audience. Mass Communication - Message transmitted by electronic and print media to large audience that are distant and undifferentiated. Examples: Forms of mass communication TV shows, newspapers, books, webpages, magazines, recorded music, and web videos. COMMUNICATION METAPHORS Communication as Transmission - A linear, one- way transfer of information. - A source sends a message through a channel or a medium to a receiver in an environment of noise that serves as interference with effective transmission of a message. Example: If you (the source) are running late to dinner with a friend you may text them (the receiver) “running late, be there in 15” Communication as Interaction - Interaction metaphor Communication as a two-way process of reciprocal action. - Feedback A receiver’s response to a sender’s message. Senders are able to adapt their messages in real time to increase chances of communication success. - Field of Experience The attitudes, perceptions, and backgrounds each of us brings to communication. Communication as Transaction - Transaction metaphor Communication was introduced to acknowledge that people are connected through communication and that they accomplish something that is beyond (trans-) merely relaying messages back and forth. Communication as Social Construction - Social Construction Metaphor Expands upon that idea that communication influences communicators. Metaphors Matter - The evolution of the metaphors represents an unfolding of communication potential. COMMUNICATION COMPETENCE The ability to communicate in a personally effective yet socially appropriate manner. Requires using messages that strike a delicate balance between pursuing one’s own goals and meeting the needs and expectations of others. COMMUNICATION ETHICS Ethics - A code of conducts based on respect for yourself, others, and your surroundings. Ethical Communication - Enhances well-being of individuals and society. - Evaluating the ethics of an interaction often depends on an understanding of how communication is viewed and what it is being used to accomplished. CONNECTING AND ENGAGING IN COMMUNICATION Connecting - Refers to the power of communication to link and relate us to people, groups, communities, social institutions, and cultures. Engaging - Refers to the act of sharing in the activities of the group.