Web-Quest Sara Mazahreh

advertisement
THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS
A WEB-QUEST FOR SIXTH GRADE SCIENCE
DESIGNED BY
INTESAR MAZAHREH
[email protected]
INTRODUCTION
TASK PROCESS
EVALUATION PAGE CONCLUSIONS
STANDARDS
TEACHER PAGES
HUMAN BODY WEB-QUEST
•
•
•
•
•
•
NERVOUS SYSTEM
SKELETAL SYSTEM
MUSCULAR SYSTEM
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Why do I need to understand the human body systems?
•
We are living in a world with many people suffering from wide range of diseases.
Some people suffer from diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and
many more. Most people are impacted with these diseases, mostly, later in life;
however, if people properly took care of their bodies before reaching adulthood or
had someone inform them of consequences to lack of care, then their problems
would have been prevented or minimized. Understanding the human body systems
and how they function is the knowledge that everyone needs to acquire to minimize
diseases and live a healthier life. The human body systems work together and are
dependent on each other. Every activity we do involves using our body systems. For
example, you wake up in the morning to the sound of the alarm clock, you see the
time on the clock, you get up and take a shower, You put on your clothes and shoes
and go on with your daily routines. You do not think about this, but you used the
respiratory system, circulatory system, nervous system, skeletal and muscular
system to accomplish the this daily routine. When you put on your socks, for
example, you are breathing, binging in oxygen to your lungs and blood to help them
do their job and bring it to muscles and nerves to accomplish the activity. The
human body systems are dependent on each other, and work together to maintain a
stable environment in our bodies. It is imperative to be mindful of the environment
that we live in, and what we eat, and drink; the choices we make are vital for our well
being. Everyone must be well informed of how the body works in order to make wellinformed and intelligent choices to take care of it. I hope you see that the purpose of
your mission is to enable you to become well informed of how your body systems
work and how to take care of
INTRODUCTION
The human body systems are amazing and very
interesting. The more you study and understand them, the
more knowledgeable you will become in making intelligent
decisions to properly take care of them.The body has
millions of cells that make up tissues that make up the
organs, which work together to make up the body systems.
Your mission is to surf the Web to explore and investigate
what systems make up the human body, and how they are
interconnected. Our main focus will be on the nervous
system, muscular system, skeletal system, respiratory
system, digestive system and the circulatory system. You
will understand their functions, how they work, the
diseases associated with them and how to make proper
and healthy choices to maintain a healthy body.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TASK
You will work in a group of 3 and will be visiting many Websites that
will provide you with all the information you need to answer the key
question: How are the human body systems interrelated?
You will gather the information in a journal, which will be checked
periodically. You must cite the website used for the information.
The knowledge and understanding you acquired will be manifested in
a book report and a PowerPoint presentation (100 points).
In your book report, you will answer questions, illustrate and label
diagrams, and write essays. In the last page of your book report, you
will apply what you learned and choose one activity and describe how
the human body systems work together to accomplish the activity.
Your power point presentation must show your understanding of how
the body systems are interrelated. There are six body systems that
will be divided by the three of you for presentation. you need to allow
time to take questions from your classmates and be able to respond.
Once you complete your mission, you will reach the unit objective of
understanding the organs that make up each of the body systems,
how they depend on each other and how healthy living impacts them.
This will enable you to make intelligent choices in living a healthy life
style. In addition, you would be familiar with searching the internet
and identifying authentic websites to find valuable information that
would be beneficial to you.
Good luck in this valuable research.
You can use this Website for clarification of any difficult concept:
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/htbw_main_page.html#cat120
PROCESS
THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
You will begin your research
with the nervous system.
Your group of 3 will research
the nervous system and
answer the questions on the
next slide. Once you
gathered your information,
you will record it in your
journal; you will be using it to
organize your book report
and PowerPoint presentation.
PROCESS
THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
Your group will answer the following questions by referring to the following
Websites:
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html
http://www.bing.com/health/article/kidshealth-1250015894/Brain-and-Nervous-System?q=nervous+system
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
The information you gather will be recorded in your journal; it will be checked
periodically and the information will be used in your book report and PowerPoint
presentation. Make sure you title each body system in the book report.
What system in our body controls our everyday activities? How? Be sure to compare
the somatic and the autonomic nervous system. What part of the body is regulated by
each system?
Compare the central nervous system to the peripheral nervous system. What organs
are involved?
Name two diseases associated with the nervous system?
Once your group gathered the information, each one of you will choose one daily
routine that will demonstrate your understanding of how your nervous system works.
You will describe it in one paragraph in your book report. Copy an image of the
nervous system and label it.
•
http://www.neok12.com/Nervous-System.htm
•
In your PowerPoint presentation, be ready to explain how your nervous system is
connected to other body systems and how to keep it healthy.
Now you are ready to move on to the next body system.
PROCESS
MUSCULAR SYSTEM
SKELETAL SYSTEM
PROCESS
•
•
•
THE MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS
You group will research the skeletal and muscular systems and record your
responses in your journal; this will be later organized in your book report.
The questions to explore are the following:
What are the functions of each system?
How are both systems related?
How can you maintain healthy bones and muscles?
Compare voluntary muscles to involuntary muscles? Give examples.
Discuss 2 diseases and preventions associated with each system.
Identify parts of your body that has Joints, ligaments, cartilage, and
tendons?
Refer to the following links:
•
•
•
•
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnY6l9hMOew
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5MyCwatq6E
http://library.thinkquest.org/28807/data/skm.htm
http://www.rheumatoid-arthritis-decisions.com/Healthy-Joints-bones-and-muscles.html
•
http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&np=152&id=2457
•
Do not forget to discuss how the muscular and skeletal systems are linked to the rest
of the body systems in your PowerPoint presentation. Now you will go on to your next
body system.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
PROCESS
• You group of 3 will research
the respiratory system.
• These are the questions to
explore:
1. What is the function of the
respiratory system?
2. What organs are involved?
3. Compare inhalation to
exhalation.
4. Name 3 diseases associated
with the respiratory system?
You will read the following
selection on the respiratory
system using these links.
http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/systems/r
espiration.html
http://yucky.discovery.com/noflash/body/pg00013
8.html
In addition to answering the
above questions, choose one
of the following options on the
next slide.
•
.


Each member in the group will choose only one of the following choices to include
in the book report. You may be asked to present it orally. Please write the question.
List 5 important facts about the respiratory system and 2 diseases associated with
it. Be sure it includes one fact on the exchange of gases ,and the path of oxygen
and carbon dioxide and the structures that they pass through. Show how oxygen is
taken in, which organs are involved, label them, and show arrows showing the
path of gas exchange in the body in an illustration. Be sure to label and include
every part that is involved in the respiratory system.
http:://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2&tbs=isch:1&q=respiratory+system+d
iagram&revid=635579
How can we keep the respiratory system healthy? Describe the respiratory system
function in one paragraph, then, you need to list 2 diseases associated with the
respiratory system; how they damage your health, and their causes and
preventions. Once you are done, you need to make an illustration of a place that
people can choose to live in where there is clean air, and compare it to an
illustration of a place with polluted air. Label everything that indicates clean air or
polluted air. You will provided with paper for your diagram illustrations.
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/diseases-caused-by-smoking.html
http://respiratory-supplies.medical-supplies-equipmentcompany.com/PPF/page_ID/62/article.asp
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1Gpdjq60VI
You now know that clean air will lead to a healthy respiratory system and a healthier
body. Write a persuasive essay and make an argument to help the public contribute
to clean air and a healthier atmospheres. Your essay must have a thesis that shows
your position with 3 reasons to discuss and support it using the information you
researched, followed by your conclusion.
Do not forget that that each one of you will choose only one of the above options to
include in the book report. However, you will work together on the PowerPoint.
Now you will go on to your digestive system and nutrition.
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
•
•
1.
2.
•
1.
2.
3.
•
•
The digestive system is the next body system your team will investigate.
Answer these questions:
what is the function of the digestive system?
What organs are involved in this digestive system, how does it work?
you can use any of the links on this slide to answer your questions.
In addition to the above questions, You must respond to one of the following
options. Each member of the group will choose only one.
You ate breakfast, describe what happens using the information you read on
following link. Specify the organs involved in digestions, and describe what
happens. http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/body_basics/digestive.html
Illustrate the digestive system in the human body, and label the organs involved.
Refer to this link:
http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2&biw=853&bih=561&tbs=isch%3A1&
sa=1&q=digestive+system+diagram&aq=1&aqi=g10&aql=&oq=digestive+system
What is involved in the digestion of a meal? Compare mechanical digestion to
chemical digestion. Refer to the following link for your reading.
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/yrdd/index.htm
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/digestive_system.html#cat20562
Remember to link the digestive system to other human body system s in your PowerPoint
presentation. Each one of the group will choose one of the above options to be included in the
book report. Now you are ready to go on to maintaining a healthy body with nutrition and
exercise.
WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF A HEALTHFUL DIET?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
It is important that we understand the nutrient value when we eat a
meal. In order for the body to absorb nutrients effectively, we must
make wise choices in eating a well-balanced meal.
Questions to be explored by your group:
How does our body uses nutrients?
Why do we read food labels?
Would an adult need the same amount of nutrients as a young active
person? Why?
Refer to the websites on, the next slide, to gather and organize your
information. Then, choose one of the following to be included in your
PowerPoint presentation.
Option 1: You will create a healthy meal for your family. As a group, create
a list and illustrate the food groups. You will list the three meals of the day
showing a balanced healthy diet including the food groups you researched.
You need to define what a balanced diet is and why you chose the foods
listed in the meal.
Option 2: Create an advertisement for a boxed healthy meal. Include
food label that shows the amount of calories and nutrients. Make it
appealing to convince the consumer to buy it.
Option 3: List the nutrients that we need, their function in the body, and an
example of a food source for this nutrient. Example: Fats are necessary to
insulate organs and store energy. Make a table for nutrients and its function
with examples of food sources.
NUTRIENTS CONTINUED
http://www.purchon.com/biology/diet.htm
http://www.mypyramid.gov/pyramid/index.html
http://www.bam.gov/sub_foodnutrition/diningdecisions_games.html
•
•
•
•
In addition, choose one of the following essays to be included in your
book report.
in this country, we are lucky enough, and most of us can have a wellbalanced meal daily. In other disadvantaged countries, they might not
be as lucky, and might lack many nutrients in their diet. Research a
country where its people lack nutrition in their diet. What can you do
to help that country? come up with an idea to help that country.
http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/hunger.html#cat20188
Research diseases associated with making poor food choices. for
example, excess of sugar in the diet leads to Diabetes. Write an essay
about the advantages of a healthy diet, and why we need to be well
informed of the disadvantages of making poor choices.
http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/#cat20188
Remember to link the importance of a healthy life style to your human
body systems in your PowerPoint presentation. Share examples.
Now go on to the last body system, the circulatory system.
THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PROCESS CONTINUED/CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
The circulatory system is last human body system you
will examine.
You will answer these questions with your group:
1. What is the function of the circulatory system?
2. List the organs involved in this system.
3. Describe the flow of blood in the body. Click on this
link for a complete discussion of the flow of blood.
http://www.neok12.com/php/watch.php?v=zX760b6c7
17d557e72515c02&t=Circulatory-System
4. What can you do maintain a healthy circulatory
system?
Refer to the following link for the information:
http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/index.html
•
Once you answered the above questions and
gathered the information in your journal, each one in
your team will choose one of the options on the next
slide to research and include in the book report.
OPTIONS
•
•
You must answer one of the following choices and include in your
book report. Please write the question before your respond.
1. List 3 diseases associated with the circulatory system and preventions.
http://www.zgxl.net/eng/health/disease/cardiovascularsystem/card
•
2. Discuss how healthy eating habits can maintain healthy circulation.
•
http://www.helpguide.org/life/healthy_eating_children_teens.htm
•
3. Compare the life styles today, to the life styles before the 1900’s. What
do you think led to the increase in heart problems today?
•
•
http://www.balaams-ass.com/piano/theworld/heart.htm
http://www.herbshealing.com/herbal_ezine/October04/empower.htm
4. Look at the circulatory system diagram; write one paragraph describing
what you see. Refer to this diagram on the circulatory system.
•
•
•
http://www.neok12.com/php/watch.php?v=zX760b6c717d557e72515c02&t=Circulatory-System
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/heart.html#
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3ZDJgFDdk0
•
Extra credit: Arrange for an interview with a gym coach. Prepare questions
that will help you with fitness program to help you become physically fit.
Organize the information you gathered and write a one page summary and
include in your book report.
You can refer to this link to prepare your interview questions.
•
http://www.lifeclinic.com/focus/weight/activity_ex.asp
•
Remember to link the circulatory system to other human body systems, and
the importance of exercises and healthful diet in your power point.
BOOKREPORT & POWER POINT RUBRIC
BOOK REPRT AND
PRESENTATION (100 pts)
BEGINNER
DEVELOPING
ACCOMPLISHED
ADVANCED
RESEARCH REQUIREMENT
AND BIBLIGRAPHY
Not enough research is
done and gathered. Some
work is inaccurate. No
illustration done. No
Websites cited.
Did not include
bibliography
Group did not work
cooperatively. Did not
follow directions
Research requirement are
not completed. Illustration
are not neat.
Bibliography is missing
many required websites.
Researched most of the
required sources. Most of
the required information and
illustrations are included..
Bibliography included
Research of all the required
sources is evident in book report.
Went beyond fact finding.
Illustrations are very clear.
Bibliography included. And neatly
organized.
Group worked cooperatively
and followed directions
some of the time.
Group worked Cooperatively
and followed directions.
Group members were very
cooperative with each other. and
followed directions to the letter.
BOOK REPORT AND
ORGANIZATION
Poorly organized and
lacks creativity.
Responses are not
accurate or complete.
The required essays are
not included. Diagrams
are not labeled. None of
the extra credit work is
done.
Lacks organization. Essays
are not very clear, they lack
good introduction a and
conclusion. Some diagrams
are missing labeling. One
extra credit work is done,
however it is missing some
required information.
Book report is organized,
easily understood and
creative. Required essays are
done, but lacks some
supporting details. Diagrams
are labeled with minimum
errors. Extra credit work
lacks some of the
requirement.
Work is well- organized and clearly
understood.
Required essays are well-written
and include good introduction,
thesis, supporting ideas and an
excellent conclusion. Diagrams are
labeled correctly. Extra credit work
is done accurately.
POWERPOINT
PRESENTATION.
Minimal eye contact. No
audience hookup. Slides
do not have complete
information. More images
than explanations.
Does not show
understanding of the
connect ion between the
human body systems.
Does not know the
answers to audience
questions.
Minimum eye contact.
Audience hook up is ok.
Limited understanding of
the body systems. Images
included but limited
reference to them.
Connects two of the body
systems.
Does not answer questions
completely.
Eye contact most of the time.
Audience hook up is good..
Understanding of the body
system is mostly evident
when referring to images.
Excellent audience hook up. Eye
contact all the time. Knows the
body systems well and refers to
images during discussion., and
elaborates more than what is
written on the slide. Information is
accurate. Complete understanding
of body systems.. Shows
connection of the body systems.
Answers audience questions
accurately.
Many errors in spelling,
and punctuation.
Needs a lot of work.
Less than 8 errors in
spelling and punctuation.
Transition needs some
work.
Less than 5 errors in spelling
and punctuation.
Only a couple of slides and
paragraphs need some work
in transition.
GROUP WORK
MECHANICS:
SPELLING, PUNCTUATION
AND GRAMMAR.
TRANSITION
Connect most of the body
systems.
Answers most of the
audience questions
accurately.
No errors.
Excellent transition between
paragraphs and slides.
TEACHER PAGES
• West Windsor Plainsboro School District
• www.ww-p.org
• Mrs. Intesar Sara Mazahreh
• Sixth grade Science/ Team 6G
• [email protected]
• (609) - 275 – 8686 X-1111
• Science Homework
• Science Documents
REFERENCES AND CREDITS
• Book: Being Healthy, authors: Larry Olson, Richard Pierre, Jan
Ozias. Published by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1990.
• www.nj.gov/education/cccs/2004/s3-lal.pdf
• http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/htbw_main_page.html#cat120
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
http://www.bing.com/health/article/kidshealth-1250015894/Brain-andNervous-System?q=nervous+system
http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/systems/respiration.html
http://yucky.discovery.com/noflhttp://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2
&tbs=isch:1&q=respiratory+system+diagram&revid=635579
http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2&tbs=isch:1&q=respiratory+sy
stem+diagram&revid=635579
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/diseases-caused-by-smoking.html
http://respiratory-supplies.medical-supplies-equipmentcompany.com/PPF/page_ID/62/art
http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/body_basics/digestive.html
http://www.google.com/images?hl=en&gbv=2&biw=853&bih=561&tbs=isch
%3A1&sa=1&q=digestive+system+diagram&aq=1&aqi=g10&aql
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/yrdd/index.htm
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/digestive_system.html#cat20562
http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&n
p=152&id=2457
REFERENCES CONTINUED
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
http://www.purchon.com/biology/diet.htm
http://www.mypyramid.gov/pyramid/index.html
http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/hunger.html#cat20188
http://www.bam.gov/sub_foodnutrition/diningdecisions_games.html
http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/#cat20188
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.miracleofthebloodandheart.com/11
_clip_image014_000
http://www.zgxl.net/eng/health/disease/cardiovascularsystem/card
http://www.fi.edu/learn/heart/index.html
http://www.helpguide.org/life/healthy_eating_children_teens.htm
http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/heart.html#
http://www.lifeclinic.com/focus/weight/activity_ex.asp
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D3ZDJgFDdk0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1Gpdjq60VI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnY6l9hMOew
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5MyCwatq6E
http://library.thinkquest.org/28807/data/skm.htm
http://www.rheumatoid-arthritis-decisions.com/Healthy-Joints-bones-andmuscles.html
http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&np=152&id=2
457
http://www.balaams-ass.com/piano/theworld/heart.htm
http://www.herbshealing.com/herbal_ezine/October04/empower.htm
CONCLUSION
• Your mission is completed in exploring the nervous system.
the muscular system, the skeletal system, the respiratory
system, the digestive system, and the circulatory system of the
human body. You know how to research, and find valuable
information. You are well informed of what systems make up
the human body and how they work. This valuable information
will be of a great benefit to you and will enable you to benefit
others You are now educated on the fascinating work of your
body systems; with such knowledge, you will make careful and
wise decisions that will positively impact your body. You will be
willing to find the best approaches to maintain a well
functioning body systems and a healthy life style. The next time
someone asks you for an advice or an opinion that has to do
with what you learned in this Web-Quest, you will be proud to
offer an intelligent response. Be sure to stay on top of things
and always read updated health information to extend your
knowledge and protect your body.
• I am sure you are curious about the rest of the human body
systems; stay tuned for your next intriguing mission.
STANDARDS/SCIENCE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SCIENCE TANDARD 5.5
Characteristics of Life
All students will gain an understanding of the structure,
characteristics, and basic needs of organisms and will investigate the
diversity of life.
5.5.4 A. Matter, Energy and Organization in Living Systems
4. Describe the basic functions of the major systems of the human
body including, but not limited to:
Digestive system, circulatory system, respiratory system, nervous
system, skeletal system, muscular system, reproductive system
Building upon knowledge and skills gained in preceding grades,
By the end of Grade 6, students will:
5.5.6 A. Matter, Energy and Organization in Living Systems
1. Explain how systems of the human body are interrelated and
regulate the body’s internal environment.
STANDARDS/TECHNOLOGY
• STANDARD 8.1
• Computer and Information Literacy
• All students will use computer
applications to gather and organize
information and solve problems.
STANDARDS/SOCIAL STUDIES
• Standard 6.1
• Social Studies Skills
• All students will utilize historical
thinking, problem solving skills to
maximize their understanding of Civics,
History, Geography and Economics.
STANDARDS/LANGUAGE ARTS
• Standard3.1 Reading
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
3.1.6 A. Concepts about Print/Text
1. Use a text index and glossary independently
and appropriately.
2. Survey and explain text features that contribute to comprehension (e.g.,
headings, introductory,
concluding paragraphs).
3. Recognize and use common print formats to obtain information (e.g.,
newspapers, magazines, electronic
sources).
3.1.6 B: Phonological Awareness.
3.1.6 C: Decoding and word recognition.
3.1.6 D Fluency.
3.1.6 E: Reading Strategies(before, during, and after reading)
3.1.6 G: Comprehension Skills and response to Text.
3.1.6 E Vocabulary and Concept Development.
3.1.6 H: Inquiry and Research.
• Standard 3.2 Writing
•
All students will write in clear, concise, organized language that varies in
content and form for different audiences and purposes.
STANDARDS/HEALTH
• HEALTH STANDARD 2.1
• Wellness
• All students will learn and apply health
promotion concepts and skills to
support a healthy, active lifestyle.
STANDARDS/ART
• Art standards:
• STANDARD 1.2
Creation and Performance
All students will utilize those skills, media, methods, and
technologies appropriate to each art form in the creation
performance, and presentation of dance, music, theater, and
visual arts. texture, and space for a variety of subjects and
basic media.
1.2.2 D. Visual Art
1. Create works of art using the basic elements of color, line,
shape, form, texture, and space for a variety
of subjects and basic media.
2. Cite basic visual art vocabulary used to describe works of
art.
3. Present completed works of art in exhibition areas inside and
outside the classroom.
4. Recognize how art is part of everyday life.
Download