Personal Freedoms - Marmaton Valley Schools

1. Organization of the constitution
A. Based upon popular sovereignty
B. preamble
1. 6 goals of the constitution
C. 7 Articles
1. Legislative congress
upper house-senate-statehood
lower-house of rep-population
make laws
2. Executive-president
enforces laws
3. Judicial-courts
interpit laws-final say on
4. Relations among the states
5. Amendments
6. National supremacy
7. Ratification
D. amendments
1. 27
2. 1st 10 the bill of rights-deal
with personal freedoms
3. Added to deal with a changing
4. Proposed and ratified
E. 6 principals of American Gov.
1. Popular sovereignty
2. federalism
3. Separation of powers
4. Checks and balances
5. Judicial review-elevated the
courts to equal power with the
other 2
6. Limited government
F. Powers listed
1. Expressed-protects liberty and
checks power
2. Delegated
3. Implied
a. elastic clause or
necessary and properarticle 1 section 8
4. Inherent powers
5. Reserved powers
6. Concurrent powers
2. Relations among the states
A. full faith and credit
B. extradition
C. privileges and immunities
Personal Freedoms
1st-personal freedoms
2nd keep a gun
3rd no housing of soldiers
4th free from unreasonable search and seizures
5th protects the rights of the accused
7th protects the right to speedy trial by jury
8th prohibits excessive bail and cruel punishment
9th rights to the people
10th powers to the states
3. Growing National government
A. War powers act
B. Commerce power
C. power to tax and spend
1. Alcohol and tobacco
2. Unemployment taxes
3. Dangerous products
4. Use them to force states
to adopt certain kinds of
D. courts
1. Judicial activism-courts are
actively involved in seeking
cases starts with Chief Justice
Earl Warren
2. Their decisions can only be
turned over by themselves or
constitutional amendment