David Kolb Experiential Learning Theory Cheryl DeGraw Walden University August 2010 email@example.com Objectives • • • • • • • Define Experiential Learning Theory Review theoretical backgrounds Discuss four processes of learning Explain four learning stages Discuss four learning styles Apply Experiential Learning theory in education Review similarities and critique of theory Experiential Learning Theory • “…learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience” (Kolb, 1984, p. 38) • Integrating new information into existing knowledge • Involving the whole person • Transacting between the person and the environment Theoretical Backgrounds • Dewey ▫ Learning grounded in experience • Lewin ▫ Being active in learning • Piaget ▫ Developmental Stages - Resulting from interaction of the person and the environment Six Propositions of Learning • Learning is a process, not outcome • Learning is relearning • Learners move between reflection, action, thinking, feeling • Learning is holistic • Learning involves interactions with the environment and the learner • Learning is constructivist – abstract and concrete Four Processes of Learning • Watching ▫ Senses – perceiving information • Thinking ▫ Mind – reflecting how it impacts life • Feeling ▫ Emotions – fitting into learner’s experiences • Doing ▫ Muscle – performing new ways to act Four Learning Stages Concrete Experience Active Experimentation Reflective Observation Abstract Conceptualization Concrete Experience • Doing or having an experience Reflective Observation • Reviewing or reflecting on the experience Abstract Conceptualization • Concluding or learning from the experience Active Experimentation • Planning or trying out what you have learned Which learning stage do you prefer or learn more effectively from? Four Learning Styles Accommodator Converger Diverger Assimilator Accommodator • Learns through concrete experience • Transforms learning into abstract experimentation • Leaders, risk takers, needs a mentor, strength in doing, likes examples • Teaches students by encouragement, modeling Diverger • Learns through concrete experience • Transforms learning by reflective observation • Likes to brainstorm, solve problems, imaginative, emotional, people person • Teaches through lectures and motivates students to learn Converger • Learns through abstract conceptualization • Transforms information through active experimentation – by doing • Prefers objects, dislikes group activities, likes questioning, problem-solver, unemotional • Teaches by questioning and encouraging students Assimilator • Learn through abstract conceptualization • Transform learning through reflective observation • Likes reading, research, organizing, working alone, likes class calendar • Teaches students by lecturing, traditional classroom Which learning style are you? • Accomodator • Diverger • Converger • Assimilator Kolb’s Experiential Learning Cycle •Concrete Experience •Active Experimentation •Reflective Observation Accommodator Diverger Converger Assimilator •Abstract Conceptualization Similarities • Use of environment/experiences for learning ▫ Constructivist Learning Theory (Vygotsky) ▫ Behaviorist’s Theory (Skinner) • Learn through social interactions ▫ Social Learning Theory (Bandura) • Affective and cognitive dimensions of learning ▫ Humanist Theory (Freud, Rogers) Critique • • • • • • Cultural considerations are not included Little research support Stages of learning may be sequenced differently Does not apply in all types of learning situations Insufficient information on reflection Doesn’t explore nature of knowledge in depth Smith, (2001). Experiential Learning Theory • http://www.learningfromexperience.com ▫ David Kolb video: “What is Experiential Learning?” • http://www.adultlearningtheories.wikispaces.com ▫ David Kolb power point presentation ▫ David Kolb video: “What is Experiential Learning?” References • Hurst-Wajszczuk, K. (2010). Do they really get it? Using the Kolb LSI to reach every student. Journal of Singing, 66(4), 421427. • Kolb, D. A. (1984). The process of experiential learning. In D. Kolb, Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development (pp. 20-38). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Inc. • Kolb, D. A. & Kolb, A .Y.(2005) Learning styles and learning spaces: enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 4(2), 193-212. • Lisko, S. A. & O’Dell, V. (2010). Integration of Theory and Practice: experiential learning theory and nursing education. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(2), 106-108. • Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., Baumgartner, L.M. Learning in adulthood: a comprehensive guide (3 rd Ed.). San Francisco: CA. JosseyBass. • Smith, M. K. (2001). David. A. Kolb on experiential learning. The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. Retrieved August 3, 2010 from http://www.infed.org/bexplrn.htm.