Cultural Diversity Introduction to Diversity

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Dimensions of Diversity
Introduction to Diversity
Texas Commission On Law Enforcement
Course # 3939
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About Your Instructor
Course Facilitator - Mentor
George D. Little
A.S. & B.S. Criminal Justice & Sociology
B.S.CJ Wayland Baptist University, San Antonio
M.S. Criminology & Counter-Terrorism University of the State of New York
2012 T.C.L.E.O.S.E. Professional Achievement Award
Certified Crime Prevention Specialist (C.C.P.S.)
TCLEOSE Basic Instructor Certificate 1984
TCLEOSE Master Peace Officer 1991
MP Special Operations Operator Counter-Terrorism 1988
Graduate Drug Enforcement Administration Academy 1977
43- years Law Enforcement Experience
40-Years Teaching & Instructor Experience
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ADMINISTRATIVE
• Please complete the BCCO PCT #4 Registration
form and turn it in now.
• Make sure you sign TCOLE Report of
Training (PID#, Full Name and DOB).
• All cell phones off please – pay attention to
course materials and show common respect & courtesy.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Learning Objective: 1.0 the participant will be able to
Learning Objective 1.2: the participant will be able to
define the term “Diversity”
Learning Objective 1.3: the participant will be able to
discuss with competent knowledge the term “Human Diversity”
Learning Objective: 1.4 the participant will be able to
define the “Global Market”
Learning Objective 1.5: the participant will be able to
understand the difference between a “Melting Pot” vs. a “Mosaic Society”
Learning Objective 1.6: the participant will be able to
define the term “Inclusion”
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Learning Objective 1.7: the participant will be able to
discuss with competency the concept of the three dimensions of “Global
Inclusion”
Learning Objective 1.8: the participant will be able to
describe the concept of the four layers of diversity
Learning Objective 1.9: the participant will be able to
illustrate the concepts of primary and secondary dimensions of diversity
Learning Objective 1.10: the participant will be able to
explain with competency the difference between “Fairness vs. Equal Treatment”
Learning Objective1.11: the participant will be able to
with competency summarize the past, present, and future dimensions of diversity
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Unit 1 Goal
• To increase awareness of the various dimensions of diversity
Every culture teaches its
young
Every family shares its
knowledge
All of us are lifelong learners
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DEFINITION
“Diversity is the term used to
describe the relative
uniqueness of each individual
in the population.
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“Personal and social
identity,
expressed through language
and culture, is formed by this
continuous interplay of
knowledge and learning as we
move through the different
stages of life.” UNESCO
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7 Underlying Principles of
Diversity
1. Diversity is an inside job, it is not
about them
2. Diversity goes beyond race and
gender
3. No one is the target of blame for
current or past inequalities
4. Human beings are ethnocentric
Ethnocentric: characterized by or based on
the attitude that one's own group is superior
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5. The human species resists
changes, continuing to seek
homeostasis
6. Human beings find comfort and
trust in likeness
7. It is difficult for people to share
power
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Our heritage belongs to all
Our world heritage is our
shared heritage.
UNESCO
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1.1. Define the term
“diversity”
“Diversity is the term used to
describe the relative
uniqueness of each individual
in the population…the state of
being diverse.”
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Diversity is a set of conscious
practices that involve:
• Understanding and
appreciating
interdependence of
humanity, cultures, and the
natural environment
• Practicing mutual respect for
qualities and experiences that
are different from our own
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Diversity is a set of conscious
practices that involve:
• Understanding that diversity
includes not only ways of
being but also ways of
knowing
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Continued…
• Recognizing that personal,
cultural, and institutionalized
discrimination creates and
sustains privileges for some
while creating and sustaining
disadvantages for others
Iowa State University
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Continued…
• Building alliances across
differences so that we can work
together to eradicate all forms
of discrimination
Iowa State University
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1.2. Discuss the term
“human diversity”
Encompasses anything that makes humans special and different
9 reported most noticed in our
society:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Skin Color
Gender
Age
Appearance
Facial
Expression
6. Eye Contact
7. Movement
8. Personal
Space
9. Touch
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1.3. List “dimensions of diversity”
• Age
• Ethnicity
• Gender
• Physical Abilities
Qualities
• Race
• Sexual
orientation
• Job Classification
• Military
Experience
• Parental Status
• Religious Beliefs
• Work Experience
• Geographic
Locations
• Socioeconomic
Status
• And the list goes on…
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1.4. Describe the three powerful
trends that highlight diversity in
twenty-first century society
Diversity became an issue with the
development of 3 powerful trends
in our society:
Trend 1: The global market in
which American corporations
must now do business became
highly competitive
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Paradigm Shift
•The United States has a high
unemployment rate
•The United States Out-Sources
more work than any other
country?
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Diversity became an issue with the
development of 3 powerful trends
in our society - Continued:
Trend 2: The makeup of the
United States population began
changing dramatically
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Trend 3: Individuals began to
celebrate their differences
instead of compromising their
uniqueness to “fit in”
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Theodore Roosevelt
expressing his views in
immigrants 1907
We should insist that if the immigrant who comes
here does in good faith become an American
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"In the first place, we should insist
that if the immigrant who comes
here in good faith becomes an
American and assimilates
himself to us, he shall be
treated on an exact equality with
everyone else, for it is an
outrage to discriminate
against any such man because of
creed, or birthplace, or origin.
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But this is predicated upon the
person's becoming in every facet
an American, and nothing but
an American...There can be no
divided allegiance here.
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Any man who says he is an
American, but something else
also, isn't an American at all. We
have room for but one flag, the
American flag... We have room
for but one language here, and
that is the English language...
and we have room for but one
sole loyalty and that is a loyalty
to the American people."
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1.4.1. Define the Global
Market Trend 1
To stay competitive in the
world market:
• Products must be designed
and marketed to meet needs
of people
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To stay competitive in the
world market - Continued:
• People need to develop an
understanding and
appreciation of cultures
• Remembering and
maintaining our American
Heritage and Culture
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1.4.2. Discuss the United
States changing
demographics Trend 2
Changing demographics:
• By the year 2050:
30% of population Caucasian
19% African American
40% Hispanic Origin ???????
7% Asian and Pacific Islander
4% American Indian, Eskimo,
and Aleut
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• By the year 2056:
People of color are expected to
become the new majority
• In addition:
The fastest growing age group:
75 and older
In 2008: 48% increase in
workers 55 and older
By 2025, the number of elderly
will double
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• Misc. Statistics:
One out of every 4 Americans
speaks a language other than
English in their homes
An estimated 20% of the
population is gay/lesbian
Persons with disabilities make
up the largest minority group:
25% of US population
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1.5. Compare a “melting pot”
vs. a “mosaic” society Trend 3
• Changing concepts
Traditional American approach to
diversity: assimilation
Cultural differences homogenized
Problem: classifies differences as
inferior
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Cultural Diversity Mosaic
is the mix of ethnic groups,
languages, and cultures that co-exist
within society. The idea of a cultural
mosaic is intended to champion an
ideal of multiculturalism,
differently from other systems like
the melting pot, which is often used
to describe the UNITED STATES
supposed idea of assimilation
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New Perspective of mosaic:
encouraged to be proud and
maintain cultural heritage and
uniqueness
Multicultural: no distinct culture
as American
DISCLAIMER: I refuse to accept this liberal
concept. My brother & sister law enforcement
officers…I cannot teach someone something I
do not believe to be the Truth…….G.D. Little
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• GOD
• Family
• Country Patriotism
• Service
• Responsibility &
Accountability
• Commitment
• Honesty
• Respect
• Community
caring & helping
• Team Work
• Ethics
• Professionalism
• Education
• Equality
• Justice for all
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1.6. Define the term
“inclusion”
“…a sense of belonging: feeling
respected, valued for who you are;
feeling a level of supportive energy
and commitment from others so
that you can do your best work.”
Miller and Katz 2002
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1.7. Discuss the concept of three
dimensions of Global Inclusion
• The Human Perspective
• The Cultural Perspective
• The Workplace Perspective
• Religious Perspective
These inclusions capture the basic
attributes that make us who we are as
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individuals
The Human Perspective
Inclusions that might be detected
visibly
• Physical or psychological in
nature
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Inclusions that might be detected
visibly - Examples
• Age,
• ethnicity,
• gender,
• physical abilities,
• race, and
• sexual orientation
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The Cultural Perspective
• Inclusions that are core elements
• Define us as individuals
• Influence how we function in all
areas of our lives
• Less visible
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Aspects of an individuals
diversity
• Economic class,
• education,
• geographic location,
• language,
• life experience,
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• military experience,
• marital status/domestic
partner,
• parental status,
• religion, and
• Family values (or what is left of
them over the years)
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The Workplace Perspective
• Inclusion of diversity from
current and past experiences
in the work environment
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Examples:
• Your level of autonomy,
• empowerment,
• decision making authority, and
• functional level or classification
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Religious Perspective
• What you were raised – taught
to believe
• What you believe personally or
chose from your Rights &
Freedoms to believe
• America was founded as “One
Nation Under GOD” you choose
your GOD…freedom of choice
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1.8. Describe the concept of
the four layers of diversity
1. Personality:
All aspects of
personality
3. External:
Aspects that
can be altered
2. Internal:
Aspects not
easily changed
4. Organizational:
Past and current
experiences
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1.9. Illustrate the concept of
primary and secondary
dimensions of diversity
Primary dimensions:
• Unalterable or easy to change
• Together shape basic selfimage and fundamental view
of world
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Primary dimensions
-
Continued:
• Form core of expectations of
others in personal and work
life
• Filters that change and
modify life’s experiences
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Secondary dimensions:
• Important in shaping us and
have measure of control to any
change
• Serve as independent
influences on self-esteem and
self-definition
• Influences vary with who we
are or stage in life, and
changes experienced
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1.10. Explain “Fairness
vs. Equal Treatment”
Many people think that
fairness means treating
everyone the same.
How does treating everyone
the same work for a
diverse staff?
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1.11. Summarize the past,
present, and future
dimensions of diversity
• Past
• Present
• Future
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RESOURCES
All Course
Sources
and/or
Resources
are listed
in your
Participant
Handout
Cultural Diversity
Participant Handout
TEXAS COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT
Course # 3939
TRAINING SUPPLEMENT
Hosted By:
Bexar County Constable Office PCT#4
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QUESTIONS
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THANK YOU
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