Infrastructure

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“INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
ROADMAP AND PROGRESS IN
INDONESIA”
Dedy Supriadi Priatna, Ph.D
Deputy Minister of Infrastructure Affairs
Ministry of National Development Planning / Bappenas
OUTLINE
1.
2.
3.
Infrastructure Challenges
Mid Term National Development Plan 2010-2014
Central Government Financing
a.
b.
c.
4.
5.
Rupiah
External Loan/ Grant
Government Guarantee
Public Private Partnership
Summary
2
Signal from Asian Economic Growth and Emerging Market becoming
at Q3 …
Economic Growth
4
4
THE PERCENTAGE OF INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING AND GROSS DOMESTIC
PRODUCT
8.0
Infrastructure Financing of other countries (%from GDP)
Private
6.0
4.0
Govt
2.0
0.0
Indonesia
Albania
Russia
Cambodia
Kazakhstan
Source: World Bank
5
•
Actual investments are less than half of the annual requirements to achieve
target growth and poverty reduction; So, a continued push for the development
of infrastructure is expected for rapid growth and poverty reduction;
•
Budget for infrastructure only 1 % of GDP , meanwhile requirement about 5 %.
•
Insufficient budget allocation in infrastructure at all levels of government. Fiscal
space does not allow all infrastructure needs to be funded by the public sector;
From total national budget, 20 % for education sector, repayment of foreign loan
9,8 %, subsidy 16 %, transfer to local goverment 30 %. Thus, the potencial for
infrastructure not more than 25 % from national budget or 5% from GDP.
•
Deteriorating quality and shortages of infrastructure are major impediments to
growth and recovery;
•
Quality infrastructure services are necessary to sustain growth and maintain or
improve competitiveness. And inadequate infrastructure services mean a lower
quality of life;
•
However, the huge investment needs in infrastructure during the next five years
and beyond, clearly confront us with enormous challenges.
Note:
Infrastructure: Transport, Power / Energy, Housing, Telecommunication, Water
Resources.
6
COMPETITIVENESS RATING OF INDONESIA
Growth Competitiveness Index/GCI Ranking (2003 - 2008)
Argentina
Indonesia
Philipine
s
Brazil
Korea
China
Japan
Thailan
d
Malaysi
a
2003
78
72
66
54
18
44
11
32
29
2004
74
69
76
57
29
46
9
34
31
2005
72
74
77
65
17
49
12
36
24
2007
85
54
71
72
11
34
8
28
21
2008
88
55
71
64
13
30
9
34
21
Note: In 2003 cover 101 countries, 2004 cover 104 countries, & 2005 cover 117 countries, 2007 cover 131 countries,
2008 cover 134 countries
Source: World Economic Forum



Difficult challenges to promote foreign and domestic investment
National competitiveness is low
Based on World Economic Forum (WEF), Indonesia ranked 55th out of 134 countries. Meanwhile,
7
Malaysia and Thailand ranked 21st and 34th, respectively.
INDONESIA’S INFRASTRUCTURE
COMPETITIVENESS 2008
8
Growth Competitiveness Index/GCI Ranked 2009, (out of 134 countries)
Argentina
Indonesia
2008
2009
Philippines Brazil
Korea
China
Vietnam
Thailand Malaysia
Infrastructure
94
96
84
98
81
20
66
111
41
27
Roads
84
105
94
104
106
14
50
102
35
24
Railroad
78
58
60
92
86
8
27
58
52
19
Port
85
104
95
112
127
36
61
99
47
19
Air Transport
113
75
68
100
89
21
80
84
26
27
Electricity
97
82
96
87
55
21
61
103
41
39
Telephone
52
100
79
102
61
23
49
36
84
72
In 1996, Competitiveness Rating of Indonesia better than China, Thailand, Taiwan, dan Srilanka. This fact
indicate that Indonesia Infrastructure development is slowing down
Sumber: World Competitiveness Report, 2009 – 2010
9
WATER RESOURCES COMPETITIVENESS
Daming Capacity
7000
6000
5000
4000
M3/Capacity
3000
2000
1200
1000
100
30
10
India
Indonesia
Ethiopia
0
US
Australia
Brazil
China
Thailand
Mexico
South Africa
Morocco
Source: World Bank (2005)
10
HOUSING
Housing Backlog (in thousand units)
8,000.00
7,154.34
7,371.98
7,000.00
6,000.00
5,800.00
5,000.00
4,000.00
3,000.00
2,000.00
1,000.00
0.00
2004
2007
2009
The accumulated backlog is expected to continue to
occur due to growth of 710,000 new households per year
Housing Problems:
 Limited access to land acquisition and
legality for low income community
 Limited public access to housing
financing
 Low efficiency level in housing dev’t.
 Non-optimal utilization of housing and
settlement resources
Strategy:
Subsidy for Housing Credit for ‘Rumah
Sederhana Sehat‘ (RSS) is 685,000
units until 2014.
Outstanding Ratio for housing credit to GDP
• USA (47%)
• Malaysia (27 %)
• Indonesia (1,8%)
11
DRINKING WATER
60.00
 Slow growth of improved
drinking water coverage,
especially piped drinking
water  from 18.91% to
47.63% (1994-2009)
 Supply capacity growth can
not keep up with
population growth
49.79
50.00
47.63
45.65
40.00
29.91
30.00
23.03
21.60
20.00
26.93
18.91
1994
2005
2009
13.57
10.00
0.00
Urban
Rural
Urban and Rural
Susenas, BPS, various years
12
SANITATION
80.00
70.00
69.55
59.20
60.00
51.02
50.00
45.00
38.13
40.00
34.00
30.00
22.52
1995
2004
21.89
2009
20.00
9.62
10.00
0.00
Urban
Rural
Urban and Rural
Impact of Poor Sanitation:
 75 % river polluted
 70 % ground water polluted
 150 thousand peoples died
annually by diarrhea
 For every increment of 1 mg/liter
of BOD in river  25% of increase
in PDAM cost production from
national average tariff
 Economic loss related to poor
sanitation estimated about US$
6,3 billion annually (2.3% of GDP)
Government investment is IDR 200/capita/year. If the investment for
sanitation infrastructure is around IDR 47,000/capita/year 
 Increase in community productive time : 34%-79%
 Decrease in health cost : 6%-19%
 Decrease in medical cost : 2%-5%
13
SOLID WASTE
Persentage of Collected Solid Waste
20.63
21
20
19
18
18.03
18.41
17
16
2001
2004
2007
Cities in Indonesia produce solid waste 10 million ton/year
 Only 20.63% solid waste collected, the
remainder is burnt, burried, disposed to
rivers, and anywhere
 Only 2% of existing Final Disposal Site using
sanitary landfill method
 Improper solid waste management
contributes to global warming  climate
change
 Other impacts : flood, environmental
pollution, public health
10 million ton of solid waste produce 404 million m3 of metan
14
annually
ELECTRICITY
National Target 75/100 : Year 2020 (75 years after indipendent day) electrification ratio will rise 100 %
15
DIRECTION OF LONG TERM DEVELOPMENT PLANNING
(RPJP) 2005-2024 IN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
2005-2024 VISION
ADVANCE, INDEPENDENT, FAIR, WEALTHTY
2005-2024 MISSION
1. Creating noble, moralized, ethical, cultured,
and civilized society
2. Creating competitive nation
Sufficient and advanced Infrastructure
Government focus to the infrastructure development policy
formulation, and enhancing private participation (PPP)
•Development of water resources infrastructure
•Development of transportation infrastructure
•Development of post and telecommunication infrastructure
•Development of energy and electricity infrastructure
•Development of drinking water provision and sanitation infrastructure
3. Creating democratic society based on the law
4. Creating the safe, peace, and united of
Indonesia
5. Creating fair and equal development
6. Creating harmonized and eternal Indonesia
7. Creating Indonesia to be independent,
advance, strong, and prioritizing national
interest
• System of food security is directed to sustain reliability and
independency of national food by developing domestic product
• Fulfillment of housing infrastructure
• Fulfillment of society basic needs in the form of drinking water and
sanitation
• To utilize the renewable natural resources
• To manage the non-renewable natural resources
• to sustain the energy provision
• To sustain and conserve water resources
• To mitigate natural disaster according to the Indonesia Geological
Condition
8. Creating Indonesia to be participated in
international community
• To decrease the impact of coastal disaster and sea pollution
17
ESTIMATED INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS AND PRIORITY
FOR THE NEXT 5 YEARS (2010 – 2014)
(1)
Current
Condition
(end of 2009)
(2)
Guidance
1. Long-term Plan 2005 2025
2. Vision, Mision &
Program of Presiden
Elect 2009
3. Continuation of
unfinished Medium-term
Plan (RPJM) 2005 –
2009
4. MDG Target
5. Line Ministry/Agency
Strategic Plan
6. World Infrastructure
Competitiveness
Ranking
(3)
(4)
Target by end
of 2014
18
FOCUS AND PRIORITY
OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FOR 2010-2014
1.
Enhancement of infrastructure services according to the Minimum
Standard of Services (SPM)
o
o
o
2.
Infrastructure support to the enhancement of Real Sector
Competitiveness
o
3.
Rehability
Accessibility
Safety
New development
Enhancement of infrastructure investment through PPP
19
WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEV’T TARGET
Water Availibility Improvement and Conservation Target 20102014
Coverage and Improving Raw Water Services
2010-2014 Target
70,60 m3/sec
443
200
199
119
11
12,66 m3/sec
20
Pembangunan
Number waduk
of Dam
(buah)
Constructed
Performance2005
-2009
Target
2010-2014
Pembangunan embung
O & P waduk (buah)
Number of Small
Number of O &
(buah)
Dam/Ponds
M Dams/Ponds
Constructed
Performance
2005-2009
Capaian
2005-2009
Target 2010-2014
Development of Raw Water Infrastructure
Improvement Coverage, Quality and Irrigation Network
Services / Swamp
Target 2010-2014
Flood Control and Castal Protection Target
2010-2014
418.80
2,315
2,092
1,495
1,370
300.00
1,000
1,015
1,200
638
522 500
148.67
12.81
Peningkatan
Rehabilitasi OOP
Jar. Irigasi Peningkatan
& M irrigation Improvement /
(ribu ha)
/ rehab. Jar.
rehabilitation
of
system
Rawa (ribu
swamps
(thousands ha)
ha) / ha)
(thousands
Improvement of
Rehabilitation of
Jar.
Irigasi irrigation
Jar. system
Irigasi
irrigation
system
(ribu
ha)
(ribu
ha)
(thousands ha)
(thousands ha)
Performance 20052009
Capaian 2005-2009
Target 2010-2014
OPOJar.
Rawa
& M swamps
(ribu ha)
system
(thousands / ha)
Pembangunan
Length
of Coastal
Pengamanan
Pantai (km)
Protection (km)
Capaian
2005-2009
Performance
2005-2009
Daerah
yang
terlindungi
areas
protected
from
dari Banjir
(ribu)
flood
hazards
(thousand
ha)
Target 2010-2014
TRANSPORTATION DEV’T TARGET BY 2014





From 83 % in 2009, National Road targeted 90 % in “Good
Condition” and no damaged;
Average vehicle velocity in increase from 44,4 km/hour to 60
km/hour in national road
Share of cargo sea transport incease from : domestic 85, 7 % and
export import 9 % in 2009 ; increase 100 % and 12,5 % respectively
in 2014
Market Share of Railway Transport : Freight : from 0,6 % in 2009 to
7 % in 2010 and passenger from 6 % in 2009 to 23% in 2014
Keep growth of air transport passenger : domestic 9,78 % /year and
non domestic 12,3%/year;
21
HOUSING AND SETTLEMENT DEV’T TARGETS




Access to drinking water to 70% of total population which is
divided into detailed target: 32% of piped system and 38% of
improved non-piping system
The realization of Open Defecation Free condition (BABS), which
is marked by the available access to off-site wastewater
management system for 10% of the total population, either
through a off-site wastewater treatment system at city-scale (5%)
or communal scale (5%) and access provision and quality
improvement of adequate on-site wastewater management
systems for 90% of the total population
Access to solid waste management system for 80% of urban
household
The reduction of inundation area of 22.500 hectares in 100
strategic urban areas
22
ENERGY AND ELECTRICITY DEV’T TARGET BY 2014






Energy Mix
 Oil Utilization : 38,33 %
 New & Renewable Energy Utilization: 16,1 %
Energy Elasticity : 1,48
Natural gas infrastructure development e.g. city gas
distribution, natural gas station for transportation (SPBG)
Power plant additional capacity ± 30.500 MW
Electrification Ratio : 80,0 %
Rural Electrification Ratio : 98,9 %
23
FINANCIAL STRUCTURE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE
GOVERNMENT PLAN
Public Private Partnership
(PPP)
Government Plan:
• finance by private
• execute by private
Central Government
Financing (APBN)
External
Loans/Grants
(PHLN)
Blue Book
GOVERNMENT
GUARANTEE FOR
SOE’S PROJECT
RUPIAH
PPP Book
24



Rupiah
External Loan/ Grant
Government Guarantee
ESTIMATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING NEEDS
BASED ON 5% OF GDP
2009
Growth (%)
Nominal GDP
(Rp Trillion)
Infrastructure Needs 5%
GDP (Rp. Trillion)
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
5,1
5,5
6,2
6,8
7,3
7,7
5.206,5
5.989,5
6.718,3
7.632,3
8.611,0
9.523,3
260,3
299,5
335,9
381,6
430,6
476,2
Total of Infrastructure Needs (2010 – 2014) Rp. 1.923,7 Trillion
26
ESTIMATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE
INVESTMENT BASED ON PROJECT READINESS, 2010-2014
(Rp. Triliun)
700.0
622.7
600.0
500.0
400.0
300.0
204.5
201.7
185.2
215.1
200.0
100.0
0.0
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
TOTAL
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2010-2014
(Rp. Trillion)
Central Goverment *
82,65
104,37
105,30
108,24
110,47
511,02
Local Goverment
Provincial
Regency/Municipality
PPP
Private / SOE
TOTAL OF INFRASTRUCURE
INVESTMENT
75,71
16,97
58,74
10,00
16,88
77,61
17.396
60,21
19,69
79,55
17.831
61,72
19,69
81,54
18.277
63,26
25,31
84,19
19.346
64,84
397,11
30,94
398,59
89,82
308,77
407,11
112,47
185,24
201,66
204,53
215,09
622,70
1.429,19
*) exclude PSO for PT. KAI, PT. Pelni, PT. Posindo, TVRI dan RRI
27
ESTIMATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT NEEDS
2010-2014
Needs
Rp. 1,429 Trillion
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Financing Gap
(Rp. 519,58 trillion) 36,55 %
Govt ability (central % Local Gov’)
(Rp. 902,3 trillion) 63,45 %
Rp. 902,3
Trillion
Rp. 519,58
Trillion
FINANCING GAP is expected to be funded through PPP development, CSR,
and community participation
28
ESTIMATION OF CENTRAL GOVERMENT FINANCING CAPACITY FOR
INFRASTRUCTURE 2010-2014 BASED ON TREND OF NATIONAL
MNISTRY / AGENCY
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
(APBN-P)
(Indicative)
Total
MIN. OF PUBLIC WORKS
3,082
8,014
24,213
32,710
34,987
123,006
MIN. Of TRANSPORTATION(*)
5,826
8,452
10,468
15,399
16,978
57,123
MIN. Of ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES
3,297
5,382
6,458
5,508
6,745
27,390
279
2,062
2,459
2,129
2,601
9,529
STATE MIN. HOUSING
-
414
533
675
964
2,585
BPLS
-
-
-
1,100
1,194
2,294
22,484
34,324
44,131
57,520
63,470
221,929
MIN. Of COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATICS
TOTAL
(*) Including Search and Rescue Agency
MINISTRY/AGENCY
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Total
MIN. OF PUBLIC WORKS
46.666,1
58.472,6
56.208,5
55.372,9
52.084,1
268.804,3
MIN. Of TRANSPORTATION(*)
16.008,9
21.735,3
23.259,6
27.775,1
30.984,8
117.763,7
MIN. Of ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES
14.984,2
15.672,7
15.757,6
16.496,5
17.910,0
80.821,0
MIN. Of COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATICS
2.811,07
3.282,6
3.616,5
4.107,2
4.432,2
18.250,2
STATE MIN. Of HOUSING
2.395,7
2.759,5
4.199,4
2.065,1
2.274,8
13.694,5
BPLS
1.216,0
1.286,0
1.456,0
1.516,0
1.737,0
7.211,0
565,7
1.163,8
798,6
902,8
1.046,8
4.477,7
82.648,5
104.372,4
105.296,5
108.235,2
110.469,5
511.022,2
SEARCH AND RESCUE AGENCY
TOTAL
29
SECTOR
PUBLIC
TOTAL
PRIVATE
TOTAL
RUPIAH
PHLN
INFRASTRUCTURE
426.513,5
84.508,8
511.022,3
407.110,3
918.132,6
Min. Of Public Works
205.626,2
63.178,1
268.804,3
209.173,0
477.977,3
DG. Water Resources
DG. Highway
DG. Cipta Karya (Housing and Resetlement )
Others (supporting program)
39.355,1
120.334,9
35.500,2
20.594,4
28.084,0
14.499,8
0,0**)
201.438,0
7.735,0
0,0
59.949,5
349.856,9
57.735,0
10.435,9
10.435,9
0,0
59.949,5
148.418,9
50.000,0
10.435,9
State Min. of Housing
13.694,5
0,0
13.694,5
0,0
13.694,5
Ministry of Transportation
98.113,8
19.650,0
117.763,8
150.987,3
268.751,1
DG. Land Transportation
DG. Railway
DG. Sea Transportation
DG Air Transportation
Others (supporting suporting)
11.401,0
19.992,5
28.044,7
19.135,6
19.540,0
450,0
13.800,0
5.000,0
400,0
0,0
11.851,0
33.792,5
33.044,7
19.535,6
19.540,0
1.228,0
133.935,0
5.455,5
10.368,8
0,0
13.079,0
167.727,5
38.500,2
29.904,4
19.540,0
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
80.821,0
0,0
80.821,0
46.950,0
127.771,0
Min istry of Communication and Informatics
17.420,0
830,2
18.250,2
0,0
18.250,2
Search and Rescue Agency
4.052,7
425,0
4.477,7
0,0
4.477,7
BPLS
7.210,8
0,0
7.210,8
0,0
7.210,8
*) Exclude financing from local goverment, private, and SOE
**) Potential PPP Poject Rp 340 billion for water supply under DG. Housing and Resetlement .
Currently, Water Conveyance in Banten (Karian) and Lampung are proceed as PPP project.
30
PLANNING PROCESS OF EXTERNAL LOANS AND GRANTS
Minister of NDP
Donor/Lender
Minister of Finance
M/A/LG/SOE
RKPLN (Borrowing Strategy)
Evaluation
Lending
Program
Proposals
DRPHLN-JM (Blue Book)
Synchronization
of projects
Projects
of LG/SOE
Request for Indications
of the LG/SOE’s
financial capacity
Indications of the LG/SOE’s
financial capacity
Enhancing
Preparedness
Projects
of M/A
Preparation of
Detailed Activity Plan
Funding
Commitment
Indication
Readiness
Risk Management
DRPPHLN (Green Book)
Fund Allocation
List of Projects
Loan/Grant Agreement
31
RPKPHLN (Brown Book)
Plan for
Project Implementation
31
DRPHLN-JM (BLUE BOOK)

The Blue Book is in line with the period of medium-term development plan
(5 years), issued after RPJM completed and could be up-dated if needed.



Contains list of projects that are viable to be funded by external loans /
grants and used as basis for preparing development cooperation with
Donors/Lenders
The projects should :




Currently in transition period, thus the new Blue Book cover period of 2006-2009.
be in line with RPJM and Borrowing Strategy (RKPLN)
be proposed and signed by Minister / Chairman of Agencies / Head of Local
Governments / Director of State Own Enterprises ( One Gate Policy)
have approval letter from local parliament for project proposed by LG, and from
Ministry of SOE for project proposed by SOE
Only projects listed in DRPHLN-JM will be proceed to financed by foreign
assistance.
32
DRPPHLN (GREEN BOOK)


Contains list of projects that already have indicative funding sources from lender/donor
and will be negotiated within 1-2 year ahead.
The project listed in DRPPHLN should meet certain readiness criteria and ready to be
Appraised, and will be put in Daftar Kegiatan (Definite Projects List) after having
commitment for funding by lender/donor and put in corresponding annual work plan.
Readiness Criteria:







detailed activity plan has already been compiled;
performance indicators on implementation of projects for carrying out monitoring and evaluation
have already been compiled;
a statement is already available on the willingness of the Regional Government/BUMN to prepare
funds for implementing projects that constitute the tasks of the relevant Regional
Government/BUMN, including the availability of counterpart funds, in accordance with the schedule
of implementation;
counterpart fund for the first-year implementation of the project has already been prepared in the
Work Plan of the State Ministry/Agency/Regional Government/BUMN;
there is already the plan on procurement of land and/or on resettlement, including the availability
of funds that are needed in the Work Plan of the State Ministry/Agency/Regional
Government/BUMN;
the draft on the formation of the Project Management Unit and the Project Implementation Unit has
already been compiled;
projects management plan has already been compiled
33
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
(RPK-PHLN/BROWN BOOK)


Contains further information of signed and agreed project for
project implementation.
Source of information for :




Monitoring and evaluation during implementation period.
Preparing DIPA (Government annual budget).
Assist Executing Agencies to implement projects in timely
manner.
Should be prepared 3 months after Loan Agreement was signed
(the latest).
34
BLUE BOOK 2006-2009 INFRASTRUCTURE
SEKTOR
Blue Book 2006-2009, Revisision I and II
Project Cost
Counterpart
Loan
Grant
Total
Fund
Ministry of Transportation
1.381.038
197.648
201.658
1.780.344
Ministry of Public Works
5.781.523
439.433
1.216.392
7.437.348
67.521
20.199
22.329
110.049
5.000
76.860
840
82.700
State Ministry of Housing
150.000
21.000
32.550
203.550
PT Merpati
232.444
-
-
232.444
PT. KAI
51.000
-
7.650
58.650
PT PLN
6.968.762
38.000
615.671
7.622.433
TOTAL
14.637.288
793.140
2.097.091
17.527.519
Ministry of Communication and
Information
Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources
35
CANDIDATE INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT FOR BB 2010-2014
Project Cost
SECTOR
Loan
Counterpart
Fund
Grant
Total
Ministry of
Transportation
1.818,80
-
285,50
2.104,30
Ministry of Public Works
4.517,06
11,00
574,14
5.102,20
74,85
-
7,49
82,33
5.206,80
10,50
700,00
5.917,30
300,00
-
6,00
306,00
11.917,51
21,50
1.573,13
13.512,13
Ministry of
Communication and
Information
Ministry of Energy and
Mineral Resources and
PT PLN
State Ministry of
Housing
TOTAL
36
RECAPITULATION OF EXTERNAL LOAN FOR ON GOING
PROJECT
AS OF 31 DESEMBER 2009
st
37
RECAPITULATION OF EXTERNAL LOAN FOR ON GOING
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
AS OF 31 DESEMBER 2009
ST
Note : Update 31tt Desember 2009
38
EXISTING BILATERAL LOAN FOR ON GOING
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS AS OF 31 DESEMBER 2009
ST
39
PROJECTS FINANCED BY CHINA SOFT LOAN
40
GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE FOR SOE’S PROJECT
GOVERNMENT
GUARANTEE
Loan
SOE
BANK
PROJECTS
Example : 10.000 MW PLN Project Phase I
41
TYPE OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PPP SCHEME
Transportation infrastructure
 Road infrastructure
 Infrastructure for the distribution of water
 Infrastructure for drinking water
 Waste water infrastructure
 Telecommunication infrastructure
 Electrical power infrastructure
 Oil and natural gas infrastructure.

43
PPP CYCLE (BASED ON PD 67/2005)
Selection
and Priority
Complete
Test
Tender
Negotiation
Contract
Management
Process
• Feasibility study:
• Project Study:
•
•
•
•
Need Analysis
Multi Criteria
Analysis
Value for Money
Analysis
Public
Consultation
• Identify and set
priority project
• Project Technical
Evaluation
• Social Cost Benefit
Analysis
• Social and
Environment
Analysis
• Financial Analysis
• Risk Analysis and
Study
• Identify the need
of Government
Support.
• Choose PPP
Form
• Set Project to be
tendered
• Build
Transaction Team
• Prepare Offered
Document
• Pre-Qualification
Tender
Participants
• Do the Tender
• Evaluate Tender
• Set Winner
Candidate
• Build Negotiation
Team.
• Prepare
Negotiation
Strategy
• Prepare Risk
Allocation Limit
• Negotiate
Partnership
Agreement Draft
• Set Winner
• Make Sure and
Monitor Financial
Closing,
Construction,
Commissioning,
Operation,
Monitoring, and
diversion in the
end of
concession.
44
MEASURES TO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION OF
PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP)



Government realize the importance of PPP to cover
infrastructure financing gap;
Measures have been taken on:
 Policy and regulatory framework
 Institutional and financial framework
 Project development facilities
Government is now in the final stage of completing the
framework by establishing the PPP Central Unit (PPP-CU)
and launching of the PPP Book.
45
CURRENT STATUS OF PPP IMPLEMENTATION –
POLICY AND REGULATORY





PPP as part of Government policy package 2006
Issuance of Presidential regulation 67/2005 that
governing the process of developing PPP projects;
Issuance of Presidential regulations 36/2005 and
65/2006 on Land Acquisition to outline the rules and
procedures for infrastructure projects serving public
purpose;
Minister of Finance Decree No. 38/2006 on risks
management of PPP projects
Various ministerial decrees related to PPP
implementation
46
CURRENT STATUS OF PPP IMPLEMENTATION –
INSTITUTIONAL AND FINANCIAL
 The Committee on the Policy for the







Acceleration of Infrastructure Provision
(KKPPI) established under PD
42/2005;
A Risk Management Unit on Fiscal
Support already up and running since
2006 in the Ministry of Finance.
PT. SMI/Indonesia Infrastructure
Financing Faciliy (IIFF) established in
February 2009
PDF to fund PPP projects preparation
PPP Nodes established in the (MEMR,
MPW and MOT)
PPP Units in various Local
Governments
PPP-CU in Bappenas issued PPP Book
Infrastructure Guarantee Fund (under
preparation)
MSOE
Infrastructure
Sector
Ministries
(MPW, MOT,
MEMR, MCI)
MOHA
PPP Nodes (PPP Units)
Project Identification, Preparation,
Monitoring & Quality Control:
-- Screening
-- Due Diligence
-- Bid Documents
-- Transaction & Posttransaction Process
SOEs
Project Dev’t
Project Impl.
& Monitoring
Local Gov’t &
ROEs
Project Development
Project Impl. &
Monitor
KKPPI
CMEA,
Bappena
s
MOF
Secretariat/P3CU
Policy Analysis,
Development
and Planning & Coord.
Monitoring & Quality Ctrl
Identify Projects
requiring Government
Support
Resolving cross-sector
issues
Project
Dev.Fac.
& PPP
Book
Guarantee
Fund
Risk Mgt
Unit
Assess
Government
Support
Issue
IIFF,
Land
Fund,
etc.
47
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT FOR PPP PROJECT

Direct Support (PD 36/2005 and PD 65/2006)
 Land
 Part

of Construction Costs
Government Guarantee (MoFD 38/2006)
 Political
Risks
 Project Performance Risks
 Project
Location Risks
 Project Operational Risks
 Demand
Risks
48
PPP BOOK - BACKGROUND






Based on Presidential Instruction (Inpres) No. 5/2008 on
Economic Development Focus 2008-2009
To confirm list of PPP Projects in the Government pipeline;
To ensure that the PPP project planning is transparent and
preparations are done properly;
As an instrument to monitor the progress of PPP
implementation;
As a mean for cross-sector and inter-region synchronization
and coordination for PPP project preparation
As a mean for Public Consultation on PPP projects
49
PPP BOOK – CRITERIA
1.
POTENTIAL PR0JECTS
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
PRIORITY PROJECTS
3.
4.
5.
PROJECTS READY FOR
OFFER
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conformity with the National/Regional Medium Term
Development Plan and the infrastructure sector’s strategi
plan;
Conformity of the project’s location with the spatial plan;
Linkage between the infrastructure sector and regional
area;
Cost recovery potential
Included in the list of PPP Potential projects or proposed by the
contracting agency as unsolicited project;
Pre-FS shows that the project is feasible (legal, technical,
economic and financial);
Project risks identified and allocated properly;
PPP Modality defined;
Government support identified;
Bidding documents completed;
PPP Procurement Team formed and capable to transact project;
Procurement schedule defined and agreed upon;
Government support (if applicable) has been approved and
allocated
50
PPP BOOK 2010
51
PPP BOOK 2010
52
PPP BOOK 2010 (1)
53
PPP BOOK 2010 (2)
54
PPP BOOK 2010 (3)
55
SUMMARY


Opportunities are widely open for China Business entity
and Indonesian partner in Infrastructure Development in
Indonesia, i.e consultancy, EPC (Engineering,
Procurement, & Construction), Supplier, Investment, etc.
The involvement of China Business entity and
Indonesian partner could be in the area of:



Projects financed by China Loans and Grants
Projects financed by multilateral donor such as World Bank, ADB, EU,
etc
PPP Projects
57
THANK YOU
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
59
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
60
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
61
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
62
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
63
PROJECTS CANDIDATE IN BB 2010-2014
64
PROJECTS LIST OF 10.000 MW STAGE II
PLN (STATE OWN ENTEPRISE OF ELECTRICITY) PROJECTS
2
PROJECT
Geo PP Tangkuban Perahu I
Geo PP Kamojan 5 dan 6
Jawa Barat
Jawa Barat
3
Geo PP ljen
Jawa Timur
4
20
Geo PP Iyang Argopuro
Geo PP Wilis/Ngebel
Geo PP Sungai Penuh
Geo PP Hululais
Geo PP Kotamobagu 1 dan 2
Geo PP Kotamobagu 3 dan 4
Geo PP Sembalun
Geo PP Tulehu
Hydro PP Upper Cisokan
Hydro PP Asahan 3
Coal FPP Indramayu
Coal FPP Pangkalan Susu 3 dan 4
Coal FPP Sampit
Coal FPP Kotabaru
Coal FPP Parit Baru
Coal FPP Takalar
Gas FPP Kaltim (Peaking)
Jawa Timur
Jawa Timur
Jambi
Bengkulu
Sulawesi Utara
Sulawesi Utara
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Maluku
Jawa Barat
Sumatera Utara
Jawa Barat
Sumatera Utara
Kalimantan Tengah
Kalimantan Selatan
Kalimantan Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Kalimantan Timur
21
Gas FPP Muara Tawar Add-On 2, 3 dan 4
Jawa Barat
NO
1
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
PROVICE
CAPACITY
2 x 55
1 x 40
1 x 40
1 x 60
2 x 55
1 x 55
3 x 55
2 x 55
2 x 20
2 x 20
2 x 10
2 x 10
4 x 250
2 x 87
1 x 1.000
2 x 200
2 x 25
2x7
2 x 50
2 x 100
2 x 50
1 x 150
3 x 350
65
PROJECTS LIST OF 10.000 MW STAGE II
PRIVATE PROJECTS
NO
PROJECT
1 Geo PP Rawa Dano
2 Geo PP Cibuni
3 Geo PP Cisolok-Cisukarame
4 Geo PP Darajat
PROVICE
13 Geo PP Guci
14 Geo PP Ungaran
15Geo PP Seulawah Agam
Central of Java
Central of Java
Central of Java
Central of Java
1 x 110
1 x 10
1 x 50
2 x 55
1 x 30
55
3 x 60
1 x 40
1 x 45
2 x 30
2 x 120
2 x 110
1 x 55
60
1 x 55
1 x 55
1 x 55
16Geo PP Jaboi
Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
1x7
17 Geo PP Sarula 1
18 Geo PP Sarula 2
19 Geo PP Sorik Merapi
20 Geo PP Muaralaboh
21 Geo PP Lumut Balai
22 Geo PP Rantau Dadap
23 Geo PP Rajabasa
24 Geo PP Ulubelu 3 dan 4
25 Geo PP Lahendong5 dan 6
26 Geo PP Bora
27 Geo PP Merana/Mesaingi
28 Geo PP Mangolo
29 Geo PP Huu
30 Geo PP Atadei
North of Sumatera
North of Sumatera
North of Sumatera
West of Sumatera
Soulth of Sumatera
Soulth of Sumatera
Lampung
Lampung
North of Sulawesi
Sulawesi Tengah
Sulawesi Tengah
Sulawesi Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Nusa Tenggara Timur
3 x 110
2 x 55
1 x 55
2 x 110
4 x 55
2 x 110
2 x 110
2 x 55
2 x 20
1x5
2 x 10
2x5
2 x 10
2 x 2.5
5Geo PP Karaha Bodas
6 Geo PP Patuha
7 Geo PP Salak
8 Geo PP Tampomas
9 Geo PP Tangkuban perahu II
10 Geo PP Wayang Windu
11 Geo PP Baturaden
12Geo PP Dieng
Banten
West of Java
West of Java
West of Java
CAPACITY
West of Java
West of Java
West of Java
West of Java
West of Java
West of Java
Central of Java
2x
1x
66
PROJECTS LIST OF 10.000 MW STAGE II
PRIVATE PROJECTS (2)
31 Geo PP Sukoria
32 Geo PP Jailolo
33 Geo PP Songa Wayaua
34Hydro PP Simpang Aur
35 Coal FPP Bali Timur
36 Coal FPP Madura
37 Coal FPP Sabang
38 Coal FPP Nias
39 Coal FPP Tanjung Pinang
40 Coal FPP Tanjung Balai Karimun
41 Coal FPP Tanjung Batu
42 Coal FPP Bangka
43 Coal FPP Ketapang
44 Coal FPP Petung
45 Coal FPP Melak
46 Coal FPP Nunukan
47 Coal FPP Kaltim
48 Coal FPP Putussibau
49 Coal FPP Kalsel
50 Coal FPP Tahuna
51 Coal FPP Mautong
52 Coal FPP Luwuk
53 Coal FPP Mamuju
54 Coal FPP Selayar
55 Coal FPP Bau-Bau
56 Coal FPP Kendari
57 Coal FPP Kolaka
58 Coal FPP Sumbawa
59 Coal FPP Larantuka
60 Coal FPP Waingapu
61 Coal FPP Tobelo
62 Coal FPP Tidore
63 Coal FPP Tual
64 Coal FPP Masohi
65 Coal FPP Biak
66 Coal FPP Jayapura
72 Gas FPP Senoro
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Maluku Utara
Maluku Utara
Bengkulu
Bali
Jawa Timur
Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
Sumatera Utara
Kepulauan Riau
Kepulauan Riau
Kepulauan Riau
Bangka Belitung
Kalimantan Barat
Kalimantan Timur
Kalimantan Timur
Kalimantan Timur
Kalimantan Timur
Kalimantan Barat
Kalimantan Selatan
Sulawesi Utara
Sulawesi Tengah
Sulawesi Tengah
Sulawesi Barat
Sulawesi Selatan
Sulawesi Tenggara
Sulawesi Tenggara
Sulawesi Tenggara
Nusa Tenggara Barat
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Nusa Tenggara Timur
Maluku Utara
Maluku Utara
Maluku
Maluku
Papua
Papua
Sulawesi Tengah
2 x 2.5
2x5
1x5
2 x6
2 x 100
1 x 400
2x4
2x7
2 x 15
2 x 10
2x4
2 x 30
2 x 10
2x7
2x7
2x7
2 x 100
2x4
2 x 100
2x4
2x4
2 x 10
2x7
2x4
2 x 10
2 x 25
2 x 10
2 x 10
2x4
2x4
2x4
2x7
2x4
2x4
2x7
2 x 15
2 x 120
2x9
67
PROJECTS LIST OF 10.000 MW STAGE II
PRIVATE PROJECTS (3)
67 Coal FPP Nabire
Papua
2x7
68 Coal FPP Merauke
Papua
2x7
69 Coal FPP Klalin (Sorong)
Papua Barat
2 x 15
70 Coal FPP Andai
Papua Barat
2x7
71 Gas FPP Bangkanai
Kalimantan Tengah
2 x 120
72 Gas FPP Senoro
Sulawesi Tengah
2 x 120
68
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