State history report presentation

Thursday, August 5th Bellringer
Write an essay (not short, not lengthy) that…
1. Defines and explains “courage”
2. Outlines your courage
a. Would you have the courage to explore an
3. Provides examples of courage as seen over the
course of American history
The Beginning:
The Americas before exploration,
English America, the Colonies,
By the time Europeans arrived in America in
1492, perhaps 54 million people inhabited
North and South America.
• Corn agriculture and hunting
• Pueblo
• Rio Grande valley
• Mississippian
• Lower midwest
• Other high density settlements
So why did Europeans want to leave
Europe/come here?
• New trade routes to the East
• Spirit and technological discoveries of the
• Power of the new European national monarchies
First European encounters with America and
Consequences of commingling the Old and
the New Worlds
• Biological change
• Disease
• Population loss
• Conquest
• African slavery
• Cultural change
• Economic expansion
The Spanish Conquistadores
• Treaty of Tordesillas 1494
• Vasco de Balboa
• Ferdinand Magellan
• Juan Ponce de Leon
• Francisco Coronado
• Hernando de Soto
• Francisco Pizarro
• Encomienda
• Hernan Cortes
− Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma
The Original 13 Colonies
• Virginia
• New Hampshire
• Massachusetts
• Maryland
• Connecticut
• Rhode Island
• Delaware
• North Carolina
• New York
• New Jersey
• Carolina
• Pennsylvania
• Georgia
Reasons for founding (including who, when)
Types of settlers…who lived there?
Problems the colony and colonists faced
Success or failure and why?
Permanent English settlements
South Carolina
ties with British sugar colonies in the West Indies
slave codes
large plantation agriculture
North Carolina
Plantation agriculture
Indentured service
African slavery
Settling the Northern Colonies
•Founded by English Puritans
•The Pilgrims
•Massachusetts Bay Colony
•Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maine, New
•New York
Compare and contrast Jamestown
and the Massachusetts Bay Colony in
terms of the reasons for their founding,
types of settlers, early problems, and
the reasons for successes and failures.
What was life like in the colonies?
− Settlement
− Tobacco
• Indentured Servants
Men vs. Women
Bacon’s Rebellion
What was life like in the colonies?
Healthy way of life
Strong families
Tightly-knit towns
Salem Witch Trials
DBQ #1
Letters, diaries, and court transcripts of
the early English colonists tell us a
great deal about colonial life in North
America. Using the documents
provided, as well as information from
your textbook, discuss the colonial
experience of their motivations for
settlement, their struggle for survival,
their religious convictions, and their
relations with the Native Americans.
Dueling for North America
• France developed a thinly settled empire based
on the fur trade
• Throughout much of the 17th and 18th centuries,
Britain and France engaged in a bitter power
struggle that frequently erupted into worldwide
• King William’s/Queen Anne’s War
• War of Jenkins’s Ear/King George’s War
• George Washington & the Ohio Valley
• Seven Years’ War
• The British finally forced France from North
• The American colonials emerged with increased
confidence in their own abilities.
• The bloody episode of Pontiac’s uprising
convinced the British of the need to stabilize
relations with the Indians and to keep regular
troops stationed in North America.
• The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited settlement in
the area beyond the Appalachians.
The Road to Revolution
• Deep roots of Revolution – caused American
colonists to be on guard against any threat to
their rights
− Republicanism
− “radical Whigs”
• Mercantilism
• Sugar Act of 1764
• Quartering Act of 1765
• Stamp Tax of 1765
− Stamp Act Congress of 1765
• Townshend Acts
The Road to Revolution
• Committees of Correspondence
• Samuel Adams
• Boston Tea Party
• Intolerable Acts – Quebec Act
• 1st Continental Congress • Parliament repealed the Tow
• Declaration of Rights
• The Association
• Lexington & Concord
− No revenue – nonimportatio
• Local Committees of Corres
• Intercolonial Committees of
− VA: House of Burgesses
• Boston Tea Party
• Intolerable Acts
• 1st Continental Congress
For today…
• We left off (on Friday) with the Boston Massacre…
− Pick up reading (if you haven’t already) at this point. It
begins on page 130 with “The Seditious Committees of
Correspondence.” Read through page 137, up until the
heading, “A Thin Line of Heroes.”
• Create an outline within your notes.
− The section, “Imperial Strength and Weakness” discusses,
obviously, the strengths and weakness of Britain. Outline
− The section, “American Pluses and Minuses, discusses,
obviously, the strengths and weakness of the colonies.
Outline these.
• Read the primary source packet that is on the stool.
Tuesday – August 17th Bellringer
These questions refer to “A General Huzza for Griffin’s Wharf,” found on pages
26-27 of your primary source documents from yesterday. Be thinking
about your responses.
Summarize the events of the Boston Tea Party as told by George Hewes. Is
this account a reliable source?
What role did “Governor Hutchinson” play in the Boston tea party?
What do you think is meant by “general huzza”?
Why do you think the participants so “readily submitted” to those three
individuals who assumed authority?
What was Hewes appointed/ordered to do once the “Indians” boarded
the ships? What was the response?
Why did the “Indians” cut the chests of tea so that it would be exposed to
the water?
How long did the Boston Tea Party last?
Why do you think there was no attempt to unmask any of the men who
participated? Why was there no attempt to discover their identities?
Why were such drastic measures taken to prevent people from
taking/rescuing the tea?
Imperial (Britain) Strengths & Weaknesses
American Strengths & Weaknesses
Road to Revolution
• Second Continental Congress
− May 1775
− Still not calling for independence, only redress of
− Adopted measures to raise money to create an
army and navy
− Appointed George Washington as leader of the
The American Revolution
• May 1775 – American forces captured British garrisons
at Ticonderoga and Crown Point (upper NY)
− Seized gunpowder and artillery
• June 1775 – colonists seized Bunker Hill
− British respond with attack
− Colonists slaughtered them, but ran out of gunpowder
− Colonists had to abandon the hill
• July 1775 – Olive Branch Petition
• August 1775 – King George III declared colonies in
• September 1775 – Britain hired thousands of German
troops (Hessians)
The American Revolution
• October 1775 – colonists invade Canada, hoping its
capture would add a 14th colony and rid Britain of a
base from which they could attack
− Leaders and generals were killed/wounded; retreated
• Thomas Paine – “Common Sense” and
• January 1776 – Norfolk, VA burned
• February 1776 – colonists’ victory in NC
• March 1776 – evacuation of Boston
• June 1776 – colonists’ victory in Charleston
• July 1776 – 2nd Continental Congress & the Declaration
of Independence
The American Revolution
• Summer/Fall 1776 – Battle of Long Island – Washington
escaped to Manhattan Island, crossed the Hudson
River to NJ, and reached the Delaware River
• December 26, 1776 – Washington recrossed the
Delaware River to capture Hessians
• Late 1777 – Washington defeated in battles at
Brandywine Creek and Germantown (near
• October 17, 1777 – General Burgoyne forced to
surrender at Saratoga
• February 1778 – treaty of alliance with France
• June 1778 – Washington attacks British at Monmouth
The American Revolution
• 1778/1779 – British overrun Georgia
• 1778/1779 – Clark’s victories in the West
• 1780 – Charleston fell to Britain
• Late 1780-early 1781 – American victories at King’s
Mountain and Cowpens
• Georgia and SC cleared of British troops
• October 19, 1781 – Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown
• Treaty of Paris