Perspective Powerpoint

Art Year 1
the science of painting and drawing so
that objects represented have apparent
depth and distance…
Linear Perspective
A system of drawing or painting in which the artist attempts to create
the illusion of spatial depth on a two-dimensional surface.
Following consistent geometric rules for rendering objects as they
appear to the human eye.
• Example: we see parallel lines as converging in the distance,
although in reality they do not.
• Stated another way, the lines of buildings and other objects in a
picture are slanted inward making them appear to extend back into
• If lengthened these lines will meet at a point along an imaginary
horizontal line representing the eye level. Each such imaginary line
is called an orthogonal. The point at which such lines meet is called
a vanishing point.
Terms to know:
Picture Plane – the imaginary window that frames the
things you are attempting to draw or paint
Horizon Line – where the sky meets the earth
Eye Level - the horizontal level in line with your eyes
when you’re looking straight ahead
Vanishing Point – the point at which all parallel lines meet
and or vanish as they recede into the distance
Terms to know (cont.)
Converging Lines – parallel lines that appear to approach the
same point on the horizon
Overlap – the placement of one object in front of another to
create the illusion of depth
Size and Space Variation – the drawing of objects that are in
reality equally sized and spaced objects so that they get smaller
and closer together as they approach the horizon
Modeling – the shading and texturing of an object in a drawing
or painting so that it appears to have form, depth, a front, sides
and a back, there is something behind it if you could only see.
Color and Value Change – the use of a lighter value of color in
the areas you want to appear further in the distance
Rules of Thumb:
Things appear to grow smaller as they recede
into the distance
Vertical lines in 1 point and 2 point perspective
will always be parallel to the sides of your
picture plane
Horizontal lines will only be parallel to the top
and bottom of the page in 1 point perspective
Generally, objects that are closer are shaded
darker than ones that are in the distance.
Draw an “X” across from corner to corner. Use a ruler.
Center becomes Vanishing Point.
Draw the Horizon Line across
the center of the page.
Begin drawing boxes of different
Project Requirements
Use majority of space
At least 7 Boxes Total!
• Positive space-boxes
• Negative space-empty space
• 1 box with an opening
• 2 boxes overlapping
Practice Perspective
Practice Shading-value scale
Quiz on terms
Officer and Laughing Girl, painted probably about 1655-60
Oil on canvas, 19 ⅞ x 18 ⅛ inches
Linear Perspective
M.C. Escher
Town Hall, Delft 1939
Complementary Colors
Complementary colors are pairs of
colors which, when combined, cancel
each other out. This means that when
combined, they produce a grey-scale
color like white or black. When placed
next to each other, they create the
strongest contrast for those particular
two colors.
Complementary Colors