Zimbabwean broadcasting reform

Zimbabwe media reforms:
Real or sham?
Joburg Radio days
05 July 2012
The latest media reforms in Harare are a SHAM
 designed and implemented as a smokescreen to SADC
and media reform activists
The latest reforms betray clear and guiding fundamentals on
which the whole campaigns of majority rule, and media
freedom derived power.
And these are:
 Inclusivity
 Diversity and plurality
Restrictive Laws
 Before independence in 1980, we had a Broadcasting Act that
guaranteed monopoly of the State broadcaster
 We had an official Secrets Act that criminalized what I call basic
journalistic duties like reporting on what happens in parliament.
 We had a Law and Order Maintenance Act that made sure
journalist were denied space to get and report on issues under
the guise of “Law and order”
#The essence of these laws was to exclude certain sectors of society
(the black majority) from accessing and distributing information,
leaving them at the mercy of an elite ruling clique that decided on
when, How and what to tell.
Any media reform therefore that does not address this anomaly, of
a media that plays to the whims and caprices of a few powerful
individuals, is a SHAM.
We have had other laws under the guise of media reform:
 Broadcasting services Act (BSA)
 The Global Political Agreement (GPA)
The laws normally have beautiful preambles that reassures but are
littered with many draw back clauses that eats into the promises of
the preambles.
#In my book, these repressive media laws constitute 25% of reasons
why media reform in Harare was a SHAM.
Paranoid Institutions
 The Ministry of Media, Information and publicity
 The Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe
-their policy is not to talk to people
-they have a fixation with CONTROLING, other than facilitating the
emergency of an inclusive, diverse and plural media environment
-it took them a decade, to licence only two new players
-in 11 years of going to work every day, they have never invited
Community Radio initiatives to apply for licences.
#in my book again, these constitute 25% of reasons why media
reforms in Harare are a SHAM
The Human Factor
This is the single most dangerous impediment to media reforms. It
takes 50% of the blame.
This HUMAN FACTOR is represented at different levels by:
 The Minister of Media, Information and Publicity, Cde Webster
 The Secretary in the Ministry of media,
Cde George Charamba
 Broadcasting Authority of Zimbabwe
chairperson, Dr Tafataona Mahoso
You might have the best laws, constitutions, but as long as
the HUMAN FACTOR is not taken care of, where there is
impunity and no rule of law, then you will cry till cows come
home to roost and have no reform.
Putting the new licences into perspective:
There have been more than 28 new licences in the print industry
since 2009, and recently, only two in the broadcasting arena.
Print media:
-Mostly beauty, fashion, soccer and religious magazines.
-2 national daily newspapers that sell at a $1 each
Important step but how many can buy the newspapers in a country
with high unemployment rates?
Do the papers take care of the rural constituencies?
Affordability and accessibility hinder against the principle of
Whereas this guarantees a wider audience than print media, do the
current licencees guarantee diversity?
We have to ask who are these new players are to answer this
Zimpapers Talk Radio station
This is a new division of the old Zimpapers that has always told one side
of the Zimbabwean story.
Expecting the radio to differ from the Zimpapers print products, to
provide the much needed diversity and inclusivity, is like expecting to
extract milk from a soccer ball
AB Communications ZI FM
Not much is known about the station so far, but a lot is known about
their public face, Supa Mandiwanzira.
At his best, he is our answer to SABC’s Vuyo of morning live, if not way
He is a shrewd businessman…a typical black diamond that must be
allowed to shine
A Zanu PF apologist, and a strong contender for the Zanu PF Nyanga
South House of Assembly parliamentary seat. (Assuming the licence
carrot dangled won’t help him change his mind)
From past performance and associations, does he offer hope for
diversity and inclusivity?
Certainly NOT.
Where does this leave Zimbabwe?
In a worse state than was before GPA and these two licences.
Whereas in the past, we used to battle with a clearly partisan
and nauseating public broadcaster with 6 outlets (4 radio and 2
tv) we are most likely to end up with the old partisan public
broadcaster and two new pseudo-party mouthpieces that will
really drown any other diverse view in the country
Most likely the stations will try to outdo each other in the service
of a political party and a ruling minority to the detriment of
Thank you