Organic Chemistry

advertisement
Table of Contents
Lecture/Lab/Activity
22. The Periodic Table
23. Periodic Def & Trends
24. Electron config practice
25. Ions and Oxidation Numbers
26. Lewis Dot Diagram
27. Intro to Chemical Bonding
28. Covalent Bonding
29. Ionic Bonding
30. Ionic vs. Covalent Lab
31. Metallic Bonding
32. Molecular Geometry
33. Writing Chemical Formulas
34. Naming Ionic Compounds
35. Ionic Compounds Puzzle
36. Naming Molecular Compounds
37.Acid Nomenclature
38. Organic Chemistry – Alkanes
Date
Pg#
9/24/10
9/27/10
10/4/10
10/5/10
10/6/10
10/7/10
10/12/10
10/14/10
10/18/10
10/19/10
10/21/10
10/25/10
10/26/10
10/27/10
10/29/10
11/03/10
11/04/10
47
49
51
53
54
57
61
61
63
61
64
67
69
71
73
75
77
Objective:
The student will record lecture notes on
Hydrocarbons and document how to use the
IUPAC nomenclature rules to name Alkanes
Agenda:
Organic Chemistry– Lecture
Carbon Based Life
Alkanes
 70% of cytoplasm is water
 96% of Cell is CHNOKS
 Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, potassium, sulfur
 5,000 different compounds
 Only has to absorb a few nutrients to synthesize all of
these.
 Can make most everything they need
 Contain carbon
 Have covalent bonds
 Have low melting points
 Have low boiling points
 Burn in air (oxygen)
 Are soluble in nonpolar solvents
 Form large molecules
 Contain only carbon and hydrogen
 May contain single, double or triple bonds between
carbon atoms
 C C C=C or C C
 Primary compounds present in petroleum
 Contain C and H only
 Contain single bonds C-C
 Have 4 bonds to every carbon (C) atom
 Are nonpolar
 Show the bonds between each of the atoms
 CH4 , methane
 Condensed Structural Formulas
 Ethane
 CH3 CH3
 Propane
 CH3 CH2 CH3
Name
# carbons
Structural Formula
Methane
1
CH4
Ethane
2
CH3CH3
Propane
3
CH3CH2CH3
Butane
4
CH3CH2CH2CH3
Pentane
5
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3
Hexane
6
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Heptane
7
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Octane
8
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Nonane
9
CH3 CH2 CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Decane
10
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
 A. What is the condensed formula for
 B. What is its molecular formula?
 C. What is its name?
 A. CH3CH2CH2CH3
 B. C4H10
 C. butane
 Combustion
 alkane + O2  CO2 + H2O + heat
 Products are always CO2 and H2O
 Complete and balance the reaction for the
complete combustion of C7H16
 Step 1
C7H16 + O2  CO2 + H2O
 Step 2
C7H16 + O2  7 CO2 + 8 H2O
 Step 3
C7H16 + 11 O2  7 CO2 + 8 H2O
Download
Related flashcards
Curves

20 Cards

Tensors

20 Cards

Yamanote Line

29 Cards

Create flashcards