Engineering at the National Science Foundation Michael M. Reischman Deputy Assistant Director Directorate for Engineering Presentation for the University of Vermont September 28, 2007 WWW.NSF.GOV Staff Offices Office of Management and Budget Science Advisor, Office of Science and Technology Policy Major Departments Other Boards and Councils Homeland Security Agriculture Commerce Defense Energy Health and Human Services Interior Transportation Independent Agencies National Science Foundation (NSF) National Aeronautic and Space Administration Environmental Protection Agency Nuclear Regulatory Commission Smithsonian Institution Other Agencies OSTP/OMB 2008 Research Priorities* • Homeland Security – Prevention, Detection, & Remediation of NCB Threats – Medical Countermeasures and Biosurveillance Networks • Energy Security – Diversified Energy Sources and Renewables • Advanced Networking and High-End Computing – Supercomputing & Cyberinfrastructure • National Nanotechnology Institute • Environment – Global Climate Change Science and Technology – Global Supply of Fresh Water • Understanding Complex Biological Systems *See www.ostp.gov/html/M-06-17.pdf External Reports • The National Academies’ Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future recommends enhancements in – K-12 education – Research – Higher Education – Economic policy • The Engineer of 2020 (NAE, 2004) and Educating the Engineer of 2020 (NAE, 2005) asks “… how to enrich and broaden engineering education so that those technically grounded graduates will be better prepared to work in a constantly changing global economy.” External Reports • Engineering Research and America’s Future (NAE, 2005): Committee to Assess the Capacity of the U.S. Engineering Research Enterprise – Recommends increased research support for engineering and physical sciences – Seeks enhanced partnership, infrastructure and workforce activities • Innovate America: National Innovation Initiative Final Report (Council on Competitiveness, 2005) – Recommends increased support for workforce, investments and infrastructure – Emphasizes importance of frontier and interdisciplinary research American Competitiveness Initiative • The centerpiece of American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI) is to double the federal investment in key agencies that support basic research in physical sciences and engineering. • Over the next 10 years, the Federal agencies impacted are NSF, DOE Science, and NIST. • ACI includes three broad components: – Research in physical sciences and engineering (including 12 specific goals with 7 related to NSF) – Research and Development tax incentives – Education and workforce National Science Foundation FY 07 Budget ($6,020 million) Office of the National Science Board Inspector General Director Staff Offices Integrative Activities (MRI, STC) Directorate for Biological Sciences Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate for Education and Human Resources Polar and Antarctic Programs $131M $608M $527M $816M $371M Directorate for Engineering $520M + $109M (SBIR) Directorate for Geosciences $745M Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences $1150M Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences $214M Summary $4,666M R&RA $240M MREFC $816M EHR $6020M Total NSF Budget by Research Directorate Dollars in Millions FY 2008 Request Directorate FY 2006 Actual FY 2007 Request FY 2008 Request BIO $580.90 $607.85 CISE $496.35 ENG (less SBIR/STTR) Change over FY 2006 Actual Change over FY 2007 Request Amt % Amt % $633.00 $52.10 9.0% $25.15 4.1% 526.69 574.00 77.65 15.6% 47.31 9.0% $486.01 519.67 566.89 80.50 16.6% 47.22 9.1% $99.45 108.88 116.41 17.34 17.5% 7.53 6.9% GEO $703.95 744.85 792.00 88.05 12.5% 47.15 6.3% MPS $1,086.61 1,150.30 1,253.00 166.39 15.3% 102.70 8.9% SBE $201.23 213.76 222.00 20.78 10.3% 8.24 3.9% OCI $127.14 182.42 200.00 72.86 57.3% 17.58 9.6% OISE $42.61 40.61 45.00 2.39 5.6% 4.39 10.8% OPP $390.54 438.10 464.90 74.37 19.0% 26.80 6.1% IA $233.30 231.37 263.00 29.70 12.7% 31.63 13.7% $1.17 $1.45 $1.49 0.32 27.4% 0.04 2.8% $4,449.25 $4,765.95 $5,131.69 $682.44 15.3% $365.74 7.7% SBIR/STTR U.S. Arctic Research Commission Research & Related Activities ENG and SBIR/STTR Budget History Dollars in Millions $600 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 ENG FY 2004 FY 2005 SBIR/STTR FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 Request Request Directorate for Engineering FY 2007 Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI) $25M Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) $126M Office of the Assistant Director Deputy Assistant Director (OAD) $629M* Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) $152M Chemical, Electrical, Bioengineering, Communications Environmental, and Cyber And Transport Systems Systems (ECCS) (CBET) $124M $81M Senior Advisor Nanotechnology Industrial Innovation and Partnerships (IIP) $120M Engineering FY 2008 Budget Request Dollars in Millions Change over FY 2007 Request FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 Actual Request Request Amt % CBET $125.09 $124.44 $144.97 $20.53 16.5% CMMI 148.82 152.16 174.08 21.92 14.4% ECCS 77.91 80.90 93.96 13.06 16.1% 109.65 120.08 128.39 8.31 6.9% 99.45 108.88 116.41 7.53 6.9% 123.99 125.97 116.90 -9.07 -7.2% 25.00 25.00 $628.55 $683.30 IIP Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) EEC EFRI Total, ENG (Totals may not add due to rounding.) $585.46 $54.75 8.7% ENG and NSF Funding Rates Research Grants 7000 35% 6000 30% 5000 25% 4000 20% 3000 15% 2000 10% 1000 5% 0 0% FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 Request Projection ENG Proposals ENG Awards ENG Funding Rate NSF Funding Rate ENG Research Themes • Energy, Water, and the Environment • System Nanotechnology • Complexity in Engineered and Biological Systems • Competitive Manufacturing and Service Enterprises • Cognitive Engineering Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems (CBET) Deputy Division Director Bob Wellek Chemical, Biochemical, and Biotechnology Systems Division Director Judy Raper Transport and Thermal Fluids Process and Bioreaction Engineering Maria Burka Thermal Transport Processes Pat Phelan Catalysis and Biocatalysis John Regalbuto Interfacial Processes And Thermodynamics Bob Wellek Biotechnology, Biochemical, and Biomass Engineering Fred Heineken Chemical and Biological Separations Rose Wesson Particulate and Multiphase Processes Marc Ingber Fluid Dynamics Bill Schultz Combustion, Fire, and Plasma Systems Phil Westmoreland Senior Advisor Marshall Lih Biomedical Engineering and Engineering Healthcare Research to Aid Persons With Disabilities Bob Jaeger Biomedical Engineering Semahat Demir Biophotonics, Advanced Imaging & Sensing for Human Health Leon Esterowitz Environmental Engineering and Sustainability Environmental Engineering Vacant Environmental Technology Cindy Ekstein Energy for Sustainability Rose Wesson/ Trung Van Nguyen Environmental Sustainability Bruce Hamilton Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and Transport (CBET) Systems • Current Areas of Interest: – postgenomic engineering, metabolic engineering, and tissue engineering. – biomedical photonics and sensing, assistive technology, medical technology innovation – complex environmental systems, especially with respect to understanding the fate and transport of surface and groundwater pollutants; novel processes for waste treatment; industrial ecology; and technologies for avoiding pollution – projects that develop and integrate new principles and knowledge underpinning use-inspired products and services based on chemical, fluid-thermal and biological transformations of energy and matter. – nanoscale science and engineering, safety and security, environmentally-friendly and energy-focused processes and products, and smart manufacturing and processing. – Fundamental aspects of fluid, thermal and mass transport processes, and research to support the development of renewable energy sources. Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) Engineering Infrastructure Systems Geoenvironmental Engineering and Geohazards Mitigation Richard Fragaszy Information Technology And Infrastructure Systems Edward Jaselskis Division Director Adnan Akay Deputy Director George Hazelrigg Materials Transformation and Mechanics Geomechanics and Geotechnical Systems Richard Fragaszy Innovation Sciences and Decision Engineering Control Systems Suhada Jayasuriya Dynamical Systems Edward Misawa Infrastructure Materials And Structural Mechanics Perumalsamy Balaguru Infrastructure Management and Hazard Response Dennis Wenger Engineering Design Judy Vance Materials Processing and Manufacturing Mary L. Realff Manufacturing Enterprise Systems Abhi Deshmukh Manufacturing Machines and Equipment George Hazelrigg Mechanics and Structures of Materials Ken Chong Operations Research Stephen Nash Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation Research Joy Pauschke Nano and Bio Mechanics Jimmy Hsia Service Enterprise Engineering Matthew Realff NanoManufacturing Haris Doumanidis Sensor Innovation and Systems Shih Chi Liu Structural Systems and Hazards Mitigation of Structures Douglas Foutch Materials Design and Surface Engineering Clark Cooper Civil, Mechanical, and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) • CMMI areas of interest: – Dynamics and control, mechanics and materials, nano and bio mechanics, sensing for civil and mechanical systems, simulation–based engineering science. – Management of risks induced by earthquakes and other natural and technological hazards, critical infrastructure protection. – Infrastructure development and management, geotechnology, structures – CMMI supports fundamental academic research in design, manufacturing, and industrial engineering. CMMI also manages crosscutting industrial innovation programs that encompass major components of NSF. – CMMI-funded research includes an emphasis on environmentally benign manufacturing and a sustainable industrial economy, and seeks to address those fundamental issues that will benefit society through a deeper understanding of the processes and systems that comprise modern design, manufacturing, and service enterprises Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems (ECCS) Division Director Usha Varshney Electronics, Photonics and Device Technologies Power, Controls and Adaptive Networks Senior Engineering Advisor Lawrence Goldberg NNIN; ENG-MRI; STC Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems Optoelectronics; Nanophotonics; Ultrafast and Extreme Ultra-Violet Rongqing Hui Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive Control; Sensing and Imaging Networks; Systems Theory; Telerobotics Radhakisan Baheti RF and Optical Wireless and Hybrid Communications Systems; Inter and Intra-chip Communications ; Mixed Signals Leda Lunardi Micro/Nanoelectronics; Bioelectronics; NEMS/MEMS; Sensors Rajinder Khosla Power and Energy Systems and Networks; Interdependencies of Power and Energy on Critical Infrastructures; Power Drives; Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources Dagmar Niebur Cyber Systms; Signal Processing Scott Midkiff Micro/Nanoelectronics; Molecular Electronics; Spin Electronics; Organic Electronics; Micromagnetics; Power Electronics Olufemi Olowolafe Adaptive Dynamic Programming; Neuromorphic Engineering; Quantum and Molecular Modeling and Simulations of Devices and Systems Paul Werbos Micro and Nano Systems; System-on-a-chip; System-in-a-Package; Diagnostic and Implantable Systems Yogesh Gianchandani Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems (ECCS) Electronics, Photonics and Device Technologies EPDT Bioelectronics Electromagnetics Flexible Electronics MEMS/NEMS Micro/Nanoelectronics Micro/Nanomagnetics Microwave Photonics Molecular Electronics Nanophotonics Optoelectronics Power Electronics Sensors and Actuators Spin Electronics Power, Controls and Adaptive Networks PCAN Adaptive Dynamic Programming Alternate Energy Sources Embedded, Distributed and Adaptive Control Neuromorphic Engineering Power and Energy Systems & Integrative, Hybrid and Networks Complex Systems Quantum and Molecular Modeling & Simulation of Devices and Systems Sensing and Imaging Networks IHCS Telerobotics Nanosystems, Microsystems, Macrosystems Cyber Systems Signal Processing Nano and Microsystems System-on-a-chip System-in-a-package RF and Optical Wireless and Hybrid Communications Systems Inter and Intra-chip Communications Mixed Signals Emerging Technologies (ECCS) Cyber Systems Alternate Energy Sources and Integration in the National Grid (InterGrid) Diagnostic, Wearable and Implantable Devices and Systems Flexible Electronics Neuromorphic Engineering Interdependencies of Critical Infrastructures in Power and Communications Quantum and Molecular Modeling and Simulation of Devices and Systems Very Large-scale Photonic Integration Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) Division Director Allen Soyster Deputy Director For Engineering Centers Senior Advisor for Engineering Bruce Kramer Administrative Officer Priscilla Bezdek Senior Staff Associate Win Aung Science Assistant Victoria Kwasiborski Lynn Preston ERC Education Win Aung Evaluation and Assessment Vacant Deputy Director for Engineering Education Sue Kemnitzer Bioengineering ) Barbara Kenny Manufacturing and Processing Bruce Kramer ERC Diversity And Pre-College Education Mary Poats Earthquake Engineering Vilas Mujumdar Nanoscale Science and Engineering Bruce Kramer (lead) Deborah Jackson Barbara Kenny Microelectronics Systems and Information Deborah Jackson (lead) Barbara Kenny Management Operations Specialist Beverly Baker Office Automation Clerk vacant Program Assistants Darlene Suggs (lead) Shalika Walton Susan Watson Cross-Directorate Programs Sharon Middledorf Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education Mary Poats International Research and Education in Engineering Win Aung Bioengineering & Bioinformatics Summer Institutes Mary Poats Engineering Education Sue Kemnitzer (lead) Vacant Sharon Middledorf Research Experiences for Teachers Mary Poats Research Experience for Undergrads Esther Bolding Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) • Current Areas of Interest: – Centers that collaborate with industry to promote innovative research and education – Centers that promote partnerships with small business and international researchers – Focused efforts that integrate research into new advances in undergraduate and PhD engineering education, and partner with K-12 pipeline innovators Industrial Innovation and Partnerships (IIP) Division Director Kesh Narayanan Industry University Cooperative Research Centers Alex Schwarzkopf Edward Clancy Glenn Larsen • Advanced Electronics (4) • Advanced Manufacturing (3) • Advanced Materials (7) • Biotechnology (4) • Civil Infrastructure Systems (3) • Energy and the Environment (5) • Fabrication and Processing Technology (7) • Health and Safety (4) • Information and Communications (6) • Quality, Reliability and Maintenance (2) • System Design and Simulation (1) Grants Opportunities for Academic Liaison With Industry Senior Advisors Joe Hennessey Donald Senich Office of Industrial Innovation SBIR/STTR Donald Senich Partnerships for Innovation Sara Nerlove • Advanced Materials. Manufacturing and Chemical Technology Cheryl Albus, Deepak Bhat, Rathindra DasGupta, Joe Hennessey • Biotechnology Thomas Allnutt, Ali Andalibi, George Vermont •Electronics Juan Figueroa, Murali Nair, Bill Haines, T. James Rudd • Information Technology Errol Arkilic, Ian Bennett • Special Topics Bob Norwood Industrial Innovation and Partnerships (IIP) Current Programs supporting academic-industry partnerships - Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) - Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) - Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC) - Partnerships for Innovation (PFI) - Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) IIP supports a wide spectrum of Technology Areas - Advanced Materials - Manufacturing - Civil Infrastructure Systems - Chemical-Based Technologies - Energy and Environment - Biotechnology - Electronics - Information-Based Technologies Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI) • EFRI will support higher risk, higher payoff opportunities leading to: – new research areas for NSF, ENG, and other agencies – new industries/capabilities resulting in a leadership position – significant progress on advancing a “grand challenge” • Successful topics would likely require: – small- to medium-sized interdisciplinary teams – the necessary time to demonstrate substantial progress and evidence for follow-on funding through other established mechanisms • The current investment for EFRI totals $25 million for 4year awards at $500k per year. • Sohi Rastegar, Office Director EFRI Criteria • TRANSFORMATIVE- Does the proposed topic represent an opportunity for a significant leap or paradigm shift in a research area, or have the potential to create a new research area? • NATIONAL NEED/GRAND CHALLENGE- Is there potential for making significant progress on a current national need or grand challenge? • BEYOND ONE DIVISION- Is the financial and research scope beyond the capabilities of one division? • COMMUNITY RESPONSE- Is the community able to organize and effectively respond (but not in very large numbers; i.e., it is an "emerging" area)? • ENG LEADERSHIP- Are partnerships proposed, and if so, does NSF/ENG have a lead role? EFRI Topics FY 2007 (NSF 06-596) • AUTONOMOUSLY RECONFIGURABLE ENGINEERED SYSTEMS ENABLED BY CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE (ARES) – Key idea: Autonomously reconfigurable engineered systems robust to unexpected/unplanned events • CELLULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR ENGINEERING (CBE) – Key idea: Comprehensive modeling, measurement, and control of coupled biological, chemical, electrical, mechanical, and thermal processes at the cellular and biomolecular level under multiple stimuli. FY 2008 (NSF 07-579) • • COGNITIVE OPTIMIZATION AND PREDICTION: FROM NEURAL SYSTEMS TO NEUROTECHNOLOGY (COPN) Key idea: Understanding subsymbolic intelligence can lead to development of new designs and algorithms for optimal decision making and prediction in engineered systems. RESILIENT AND SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURES (RESIN) – Key idea: Design, renew, expand, monitor, and control critical interdependent infrastructures to be both resilient and sustainable. Free Advice for Success…or (I’m from the government and I’m here to help) • It all starts with Dialog, a White Paper and a Short Bio • Get involved in NSF Reviews: Panel or Mail • Don’t be afraid of Teams • Spread Your Research Wings • Deliver on Your Promises • “No” is not Forever…Seek Feedback • “….don’t ever give up” Thank you!