Les Autres

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Physically Disabling
Conditions
Part II
MD
• Md’s = genetic, progressive muscle
wasting and weakness disorders.
• Characteristics
– Tire quickly
– Lose fine motor control
– Progressive weakness –postural changes
Types of MD
• Duchenne
– X-linked
– Affects pelvic girdle followed by shoulder
girdle
– Most serious of MD’s
SYMPTOMS
Becker MD
•
•
•
•
X-linked
Less severe
Imitates Duchenne – progress is slower
Wheelchairs in 20’s
Amputations
• Acquired
• Congenital
• Prosthetic devices
– Cost of devices
– Need for new prosthetics every 18 months
• ( could you wear the same pair of shoes everyday
for years on end?)
• Insurance – the haves versus the have nots
• Jordan Thomas
– http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/living/2009/08/27/cnnh
eroes.jordan.thomas.cnn
Dwarfism
• Achondroplasia – most common type
– 1 in 26,000
a) Proportionate – body parts are in proportion,
but short in height
- Deficiency in pituitary gland
b) Disproportionate –
- Short arms, short legs, normal torso , large
head
- Faulty gene = failure of bone to fullydevelop
Friedreich’s Ataxia
• Neurological disorder
• Damages peripheral nerves, cerebellum,
heart
Multiple Sclerosis
Spinal Cord Injuries
Congenital & Acquired Paralysis
• Spina Bifida
Types of SB
•
•
•
•
•
Meningomyelocele (MM)
Meningocele – spinal cord covering out
Occulta
Non-progressive
No cure
• Hydrocephalus
• Shunts
• Bladder-bowel control
• Obesity
• Skin lesions
• Role models –
– Jean Driscoll
– Boston Marathon winner
– Spina Bifida
– Champaign-Urbana
Acquired
• Spinal Cord Ijuries:
• traumatic or non-traumatic
– Sudden blow to spine
– Arthritis, cancer, infections, disk degeneration
Types
• Paraplegia
• Quadriplegia (aka) Tetraplegia
Facts
•
•
•
•
Males = 80 % of SCI ( Mayo Clinic, 2006)
Incidence
Sex
Age
Etiology
•
•
•
•
Crashes = 47.5%
Falls = 22.9%
Violence = 13.8%
Sports = 8.9%
Costs
• Paraplegic: 1st year = $ 260,000
– Each subsequent year - $26,000
• Low Tetra (C5-C8) = $459,000
– Each subsequent year - $52,000
• High Tetra(C1-C4) = $ 710,000
– Each subsequent year = $127,000
• Leading cause of death – renal failure
Physical Education
• Brockport Physical Fitness test
• Wheelchair softball
– http://www.wheelchairsoftball.org/classificatio
n.htm
– http://www.wheelchairsoftball.org/#
– http://www.wheelchairsoftball.org/rules.htm
• Wheelchair basketball
• Wheelchair rugby
• http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorial
s/spinalcordinjury/htm/index.htm
• http://www.disability.uiuc.edu/athletics/
• http://www.murderballmovie.com/
• http://www.unitedspinal.org/spinal-corddisability-links/accessible-wheelchairsports-recreation-travel/
• http://www.pvamagazines.com/sns/
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