Art-1-10a-Handout-Egyptian Art Description 1-10c -picture- Crocodile God A sunk (carved below stone surface) relief of the Sobek, God of the Crocodiles. “Egyptian art in all forms obeyed one law: the mode of representing Pharaohs, gods, man, nature and the environment remained consistent for thousands of years. The most admired artists were those who replicated the stylized depictions of Egypts most [important] figures.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_ancient_Egypt) 1-10d- picture – Wall Painting of Nefertari “Nefertari was one of the Great Royal Wives (or principal wives) of Ramesses the Great. She is one of the best known Egyptian queens.” This wall painting is in “her lavishly decorated tomb, which is the largest and most spectacular in the Valley of the Queens.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_ancient_Egypt) 1-10e- picture –Book of the Dead The Book of the Dead was part of a tradition of funerary texts which were painted onto objects,not papyrus, in the tomb. The texts and images of the Book of the Dead were magical as well as religious in Egyptian mythology. Each tomb had a Book of the Dead. This one is called ‘Two Gate Spells’ for Ani and his wife to travel and safely into the afterlife. 1-10f- picture- King Tuthankhamun The Golden Death Mask ofTutankhamun is on display in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. He is popularly referred to as King Tut, who was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled ca. 1332 BC – 1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period known as the New Kingdom. In 1922 Howard Carter and George Herbert, discovered King Tutankhamun's nearly intact tomb and artifacts. 1-10g-picture- An Angel Saves Abraham An Angel Saves Abraham, oil painting by modern LDS artist Del Parsons. He has done several paintings that have been approved by the LDS Church’s Fine Art Department to depict scriptural accounts. Please compare this painting to Abraham’s facsimile No. 1. © 2012 American Heritage Schools, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted for copying of the notebook pages and other online resources for use by the original purchaser’s own immediate family. No part of this publication may be transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Art-1-10a-Handout-Egyptian Art Description 1-10h-picture-Bust of Nefertiti One of the most well-known artifacts of Ancient Egypt. The Nefertiti Bust is made out of limestone. She was the Royal wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. “Owing to the work, Nefertiti has become one of the most famous women of the ancient world, and an icon of feminine beauty. The work is believed to have been crafted in 1345 BC by the sculptor Thutmose.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bust_of_Nefertiti) 1-10i-picture – Great Sphinx of Giza The Great Sphinx of Giza, commonly referred to as the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is the largest and oldest monumental statue in the world, standing 73.5 meters (241 ft) long, 19.3 m (63 ft) wide, and 20.22 m (66.34 ft) high. 1-10j-picture- Pryamids of Giza The Pyramids of Giza are located outside of Cairo, Egypt next to the Great Sphinx. They were constructed during the Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BC). They are some of Ancient Egypt’s crowning achievements and are one of the seven wonders of the world. 1-10k-picture- Abraham Facsimile 1 A Facsimile from the Book of Abraham, No. 1. This represents an event in Abraham’s life. An Egyptian priest was about to kill Abraham upon an alter, but the Lord (represented as a dove above his head) came and delivered him out of the priest’s hands. (see Abraham 1:7-20 for more explanation.) The Book of Abraham is found in “The Pearl of Great Price” and it is a translation from Egyptian papyri that came into the hands of Joseph Smith in 1835, containing writings of the patriarch Abraham. (Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, pg.28) 1-10l-picture- Abraham Facsimile 3 A Facsimile from the Book of Abraham, No. 3. “Abraham is reasoning upon the principles of Astronomy, in the king’s court. [He is] sitting upon Pharaoh’s throne, by the politeness of the king, with a crown upon his head, representing the Priesthood, as emblematical of the grand Presidency in Heaven; with the scepter of justice and judgment in his hand.” (Pearl of Great Price, Book of Abraham, pg.41) © 2012 American Heritage Schools, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted for copying of the notebook pages and other online resources for use by the original purchaser’s own immediate family. No part of this publication may be transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.