Think! •Homes for families on the Plains Homesteaders •The Open Range for young men - the Cattle trails and Cowboys How are the late settlers different to the early settlers? Think! - Land - the early settlers moved as far west as they could: •Gold miners - California •First Farmers - Oregon •Mormons - Great Salt Lake The late settlers wanted a lot of land in and around the Plains and down towards the southern states (Texas). (see map next page!) Oregon - Farms Great Salt Lake Mormons California - Gold The Plains - Plains Indians first, then Homesteaders Texas and Plains Cattlemen and Cowboys Your Task • You need to create a mind map on the Homesteaders • You must include • 1) Who became homesteaders • 2) Why they went west • 3) where they settled • 4) Relationship with other settlers and Indians • 5) Problems they faced • 6) How they overcame the problems • 7) Significant Factors that helped them to settle Sodhouses (dirt, dried grass, infested) Poor quality land prairie, dry Role for men and women Lack of wood for building Back break -ing farm work Extended families Bad weather, wind, rain, hot sun Pull factors Push factors •Offer of land •People came from Europe escaping poor quality land, poverty, unemployment, persecution (Jews from Russia) •Start of a new life / adventure •Soldiers returning from the civil war •Advertising by railroad •Ex-salves seeking a new life away companies •Letters from those already living there from slavery •Economic problems, failure of crops, people hungry Who were the Homesteaders? • Railroad 1869 Homestead Act 1862 • Timber Culture Act 1873 • Government Action Wind Pump Desert Land Act 1877 • Barbed Wire 1874 • Claim Jumping • Prairie Fires Staking Claim Women Homesteaders You have 5 mins in your pairs to discuss and define these key words and phrases for the Homesteaders How did they overcome their problems? The Solutions! What were the other Land Acts? Government responded to critcism of Homestead Act • • • • Timber Culture Act – 1873 Up to 480 acres of land as long as planted at least 40 acres of trees Made Homesteads bigger and more likely to make a profit Desert Land Act - 1877 Up to 640 acres in areas where the rainfall was a problem Had to irrigate land Which Factors were most significant in helping the Homesteaders settle on the Great Plains? • Government? • New Technology? New Farming Techniques? • Better Law and Order? • Indians being moved to Reservations? • The Railroad? • Hard work? Women Homesteaders? • Anything else?