Period 3 & 7 • We will examine the War of 1812 including the causes and major events during the war. – Warm Up: wealthiest Presidents – Go over Chapter 11 Guidebook – Chapter 12 homework – Madison’s War Message – Chapter 12 notes – Star Spangled Banner Madison’s War Message • How did Madison build the case for war in his message to Congress? • What were the issues in maritime disputes between the U.S. and Great Britain? • What were the accusations against the British in North America? Chapter 12 The War of 1812 •Due to widespread disunity, the War of 1812 ranks as one of America’s worst fought wars. •There was not a burning national anger •The regular army was very bad and scattered •The offensive strategy against Canada was poorly planned. • American forces won battle on Lake Erie, at the Battle of the Thames and in upstate New York. • In 1814, Napoleon was defeated so British could send more troops against the United States. • In August 1814, British troops landed in the Chesapeake Bay area • Defeated 6,000 panicked Americans at Bladensburg • Proceeded to enter Washington D.C. and burn most of the buildings there. • At Baltimore, another British fleet arrived but was beaten back by the defenders of Fort McHenry, where Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star Spangled Banner.” •Another British army threatened New Orleans, and Andrew Jackson, led a force of 7,000 sailors, regulars, pirates, and Frenchmen. •They defeated 8,000 British troops that had launched a frontal attack in the Battle of New Orleans. • The Treat of Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814, was an armistice, acknowledging a draw. Each side simply stopped fighting. The main issue of the war, impressment, was left unmentioned. The Hartford Convention • Why were people from New England unhappy with the War of 1812? • What was the desire of some of the delegates to the Hartford Convention? • How did the Hartford Convention propose to change the 3/5 Compromise? • How did the Convention propose to impact trade and war? • How did the Convention want to change the presidency? Why do you think this was included? • Why were these proposals not given serious consideration by the rest of the country? • In the cartoon, how are the candidates depicted? Hartford Convention • As the capture of New Orleans seemed imminent, New England Federalists met in Hartford to discuss their grievances. • A few talked about secession. • Most wanted an amendment requiring a 2/3 majority for all declarations of embargos, except during invasion. • Three envoys went to D.C., where they were greeted with the news from New Orleans; their mission failed. • The Hartford Convention proved to be the death of the Federalist Party. • Due to nationalism, Henry Clay developed a plan for a profitable home market. It was called the American System. It had 3 main parts: – A strong banking system, to provide easy and abundant credit. – A protective tariff, behind which eastern manufacturing would flourish. – A network of roads and canals • President Madison vetoed the bill to give states aid for infrastructure • The time • during the administrations of President Monroe was known as the "Era of Good Feelings" because the 2 political parties were getting along. • the Tallmadge Amendment called for no more slaves to be brought into Missouri and called for the gradual emancipation of children born to slave parents already there. • Henry Clay introduced the compromise on Missouri. Congress admitted Missouri as a slave state in 1820. But, Maine, was to be admitted as a free state. • The Missouri Compromise by Congress forbade slavery in the remaining territories in the Louisiana Territory north of the line of 36° 30', except for Missouri Important Cases • McCulloch v. Maryland • Cohens v. Virginia • Gibbons v. Ogden • The Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819, Spain ceded Florida, as well as Spanish claims to Oregon in exchange for America's abandonment of claims to Texas. • Monroe Doctrine (1823) - President Monroe, gave a stern warning to the European powers. • Monroe stated that the era of colonization in the Americas was over. • Monroe also warned against foreign intervention. He warned Britain to stay out of the Western Hemisphere, and stated that the United States would not intervene in foreign wars. Period 3 & 7 • We will examine the War of 1812 and its results. – Monroe Doctrine Review – Madison Document – Inventory • Why would Washington be in favor of the Monroe Doctrine? Why might he be opposed to it? Madison and the American Colonization Society (1819) • According to Madison, for a plan of general emancipation to be successful it must satisfy certain conditions. What were they? • Madison addressed what he and many others considered to be the greatest obstacle: the cost. What was his solution to this problem?