Suffering for Suffrage 1848-1919 A brief outline of the struggle for the right to vote By Scott Marsden with help from Nancy Case Introduction Activities • Students in pairs • Journal: Who are the important women in your life? What do they do that makes them important? • Report out to one another and then share answers and write on board. • Describe a time when women were treated unfairly in our society. Who can give me examples? • Write on board—students copy examples in notebook. Transition to Through Activity • Personal example: my mom and high school counselor • Solicit reactions to mom’s story • While passing out materials (level-like study guides) say, “Now we are going to take a look at how women fought for equality in our country.” Suffrage Vocabulary • • • • • • Suffrage Divorce Abolitionist Advocates(n) Sentiments Radical • • • • • • Conservative Priority Justified Resistance Tyranny Ratification Sheltering Strategies • L1 and L2: give an outline of presentation with almost all text. Some words left blank. Cloze activity—fill in blanks with some words. Draw/sketch pictures. • L3 and L4: Take notes. • All ELL/mainstream students: Write captions to pictures. Women’s Rights Convention Seneca Falls -1848 • Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott • Sought better divorce laws, education, property rights • Split over women votingconsidered too radical • “Declaration of Rights and Sentiments” modeled on Declaration of Independence Lucretia Mott (Library of Congress) Division in Women’s Movement over 14th and 15th Amendments • Split between abolitionists and suffrage advocates over 14th and 15th Amendments • 14th Amendment (1868) - Citizen defined as male, not female. • 15th Amendment (1870) - Gave vote to African-American men, but not to women. • Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony thought that women should take priority over former slaves Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony vs. Frederick Douglass Frederick Douglass (Maryland State Archives) Elizabeth Cady Stanton And Susan B. Anthony (Library of Congress) Rival Groups Formed • 1869 - American Women’s Suffrage Association founded by Lucy Stone • AWSA more conservative - supported 14th and 15th Amendments • National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) founded by Anthony and Stanton • NWSA more radical - wanted universal suffrage (16th Amendment) Why did Anthony and Stanton not want to give the vote to African-American males? Were they justified? Lucy Stone (Library of Congress) Susan B. Anthony (Library of Congress) 1872 – The Great Vote-In • 1872 - Great Vote-In (Anthony, Sojourner Truth, others) tried to vote in Presidential Election. • Sojourner Truth was turned away. • Arrest and trial of Susan B. Anthony • “Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God” Anthony Sojourner Truth Library of Congress National Association of Colored Women NACW Formed In 1896 • • • • • • Mary Church Terrell Ida B. Wells-Barnett Harriet Tubman Margaret Murry Washington Fanny Jackson Coppin Charlotte Forten Grimke Ida B. Wells (Library of Congress) Mary Church Terrell (Library of Congress) “Apotheosis of Suffrage” - 1896 • Apotheosis = making into a god • Why is George Washington wearing a skirt? • What point is the artist making about the suffrage movement? George Yost Coffin (Library of Congress) Suffrage Parade New York City - May 12, 1912 (Library of Congress) Alice Paul • Employed radical tactics she learned from Emmeline Pankhurst in Britain • Hunger strikes, picketing, chaining themselves to buildings • Organized 6-days a week demonstrations in front of White House in 1917, leading to arrests • Hundreds arrested and thrown in prison • “Iron-Jawed Angels” force-fed in prison (Library of Congress) “Mr. President, How Long Must Women Wait for Liberty?” (1917) Library of Congress Pretend you are one of these women. Write a quick journal entry about how you feel. 19th Amendment and Beyond • 1918 - “Anthony Amendment” adopted in House • 1919 - Amendment passed Senate • August 21, 1920 - Ratification completed • 1923 - Alice Paul and the Women’s Party introduced Equal Rights Amendment • 1972 - ERA passes Congress • 1982 - ERA fails to gain approval of 2/3 vote of states. Beyond Activities • Go home and ask an older female relative, “Do you think women are treated equally with men?” • Ask her to give an example or tell a story of an time when she was treated unfairly • What do you think are women’s roles in society today?