Building an Understanding of the Classroom as a Group

Cooperative Learning
109614027李佩瑜 109614032郭承宜
109614023古博宇 109614024黃嚴誼
109614028魏秀妤 109614029黃巧秀
Student-student interaction patterns
HOW they feel
HOW much they have
Interact when Learning
Three basic ways
Work individually
Work cooperatively
Cooperation Among Students
Work together regardless of any kind of
Basic Definition
Student should be able to
1. be effective
2. select the appropriate interaction
Individualistic learning vs. Cooperative
Back to Basic
Ability of student to work cooperatively
Technical skills
Certain conditions of CL
 Clearly perceived positive interdependence
 Considerable primitive interaction
 Clearly perceived individual accountability
and personal responsibility to achieve the
group’s goals
 Frequent use of the relevant interpersonal
and small-group skills
 Frequent and regular group processing of
current functioning to improve the group’s
future effectiveness
The Teacher’s Role
1) Select the groups' size most
appropriate for the lesson.
2) Arrange the classroom.
3) Assign the students to groups.
4) Provide the appropriate materials.
5) Explain the task and cooperative goal
structure to the students.
6) Monitor the groups as they work.
Group Processing
3)Improvement Goal
4) Celebration
Teaching material
Alex’s teaching :
teaching :
Animal pictures
Animal pictures Color cards
Word cards
A lot container
Class activities which use cooperative
Team Pair Solo
(presented by Johnny’s teaching)
Numbered Heads Together
(presented by Alex’s teaching)
Three-Step Interview
RoundRobin Brainstorming
Three-minute review
Circle the Sage
Heterogeneous Groups
High Achievers never lose
Usually better
Male/Female pairs most off task
Homogeneous Groups
Low Achievers fastest to quit
More interaction in all female groups than all
Building Better Groups
Outcome Interdependence
 Means Interdependence
Individual Accountability
Task Complexity
Introduction to Advantage of
Cooperative Learning
Benefits to the Learner
Benefits to the Teacher
1. Improves academic performance
2. Made achievement consistently
3. Disadvantaged students get benefits
4. No stop to individual initiative
5. Positive effects on students' self-esteem
6. Students understand the material better
7. Transfer to interaction with peers
1. Use time effectively
2. New attitude toward the job
3. Manage easily
4. Validate students’ values and ideas
5. Interact in personal manner with students
6. Less paperwork
7. Less stress
Introduction to disadvantage of
cooperative learning
Drawback to the Learner
Drawback to the Teacher
1. Irritated by being asked to participate
2. Worry members of the group bring their
grades down
3. Advanced students doing all the work
4. Frustration of the lower ability group
5. Group conflict
6. Noise level will escalate
7. Work time takes longer
1. Teachers must receive training
2. Resist using CL techniques
3. Initial lessons take longer
4. Unable to give students the freedom
5. Showing their expertise is important to
6. Create additional materials
7. Difficult to have a paper and pencil test.
Thank you for your listening.