Urban Patterns Essential Questions What is urbanization and what are its characteristics? Why do inner cities and suburbs have distinctive problems? Land Use People use land…. For hunting & gathering For agriculture For cities Urban Of, relating to, or located in a city Characteristics – large size, high density, diversity Way Back When… First cities appeared in SW Asia more than 5,000 years ago. City life became possible when there was a surplus of food and some people did not need to farm any longer. They became weavers, merchants, traders, government & religious officials, etc. List It What factors might influence a city’s location? Write It Would you rather live in a rural area or the city? Write down your answer and a few sentences explaining your answer (advantages & disadvantages). Activity Time Create a list of Kentucky’s largest cities. How many are there? What factors influence their location? Where are they located in relation to each other? Where are small ones located in relation to large ones? Pick one city on your list and analyze its location by listing factors that influenced that city’s development. Activity Time Using the Venn Diagram template, compare and contrast the differences between urban and rural areas. Physical Social Economic/land use Population Problems List it What problems do you think the city of _________ faces? Urban Problems Transportation (roads, gridlock) Social – POVERTY (lack of good jobs & housing) Environmental – air, water, & land pollution (sanitation/sewers, fresh drinking water) Urban Sprawl The development of new housing sites in less dense areas not connected to the existing built-up area What promotes urban sprawl? Automobile Mass Transit Urbanization: Pro & Con PRO Fewer people in rural areas Better for forests, soil, wildlife Lower family sizes Better education Better health CON Hazards of site Loss of land Outlying areas more susceptible to landslides, floods, storms, earthquakes Farmland lost (US=1 million acres/year; China=3x as much Changed land cover Natural landscape becomes cultural (pavement, buildings), more pollutants Activity Time World City Choose one city you think is a world city. Create an information brochure about the city – including population statistics, name and description of large businesses or organizations headquartered there, and other interesting info. Mention nearby cities that are economically or socially tied to your city.