AP Psychology Unit III Study Guide Developmental Psychology

AP Psychology
Unit III Study Guide
Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychologist
a. Chromosome
b. Genotype
c. Phenotype
d. Zygote
e. Germinal Stage
f. Embryonic Stage
g. Fetal Stage
h. Teratogens
i. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Infancy and Childhood
a. Reflexes
b. Apgar Scale
c. Motor Development
d. Cognitive Development
e. Social Development
f. Habituation
g. Schemas
a. Puberty
b. Sex Characteristics
i. Primary
ii. Secondary
c. Cognitive Development
i. Piaget
d. Moral Development
i. Morality
ii. Kohlberg
e. Identity
f. Roles
g. Role Confusion
a. Styles of attachment
b. Separation Anxiety
c. Mary Ainsworth Strange Situation
d. Harlow
i. Monkey studies
e. Lorenz
i. Imprinting
a. 4 Stages
i. Names
ii. Ages
iii. Issues
b. Egocentrism
c. Conservation
d. Symbolic Thought
e. Symbolic Play
f. Accommodation
g. Assimilation
h. Object Permanence
a. 8 Stages
i. Names
ii. Ages
iii. Issues
a. Preconventional
b. Conventional
c. Postconventional
d. Criticism of
i. Gilligan
Parenting Styles
a. Permissive
b. Authoritarian
c. Authoritative
a. Young
b. Middle
c. Late
d. Adult Physical Development
e. Adult Cognitive Development
f. Adult Social Development
g. Adult Personality Development
h. Alzheimer’s
i. Parkinson’s
j. Menopause
k. Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
l. Midlife Crisis
m. Intimacy vs. Isolation
n. Generativity vs. Stagnation
o. Integrity vs. Disparity
p. Family Life Cycle
q. Social Clock
a. Issues
b. Stages of Dying
i. Name and describe
c. Kubler Ross
Gender Differences
a. Gender Behavior
i. Traits
ii. Nature vs. Nurture
b. Social Learning Theory
c. Gender Schema Theory
Essay Questions: You will have 1 out of the 4
1.Explain Jean Piaget’s stage model of cognitive
development. According to Kohlberg, how are moral
decisions made during each of these stages, and which
skills are still lacking? Be sure to include the proper
names and ages for each stage
2. Explain Erik Erikson’s stage model of psychosocial
development. According to Erikson, what happens to a
person if they successfully resolve the conflict
associated with one of his eight (8) stages? What
happens to a person if they do not resolve that conflict?
3. The Walker’s are planning for their first baby. Both
parents-to-be gave had a psychology course and are
looking forward to applying the principles they learned
from theories and research that address child
development. Summarize one main idea or finding of
each of the following three researchers: Bandura’s social
learning theory; Ainsworth’s attachment theory;
Baumrind’s research on parenting styles.
Now provide a specific example of actions the Walker’s
might take to raise their child to produce positive
outcomes using each of the following theories below to
addressing the corresponding psychological concept.
Bandura’s social learning theory: sharing behavior;
Ainsworth attachment theory: self-reliance; Baumrind’s
research on parenting styles: self-esteem
4. Sheryl is twelve (12) years old and in the sixth grade.
Describe the developmental changes she is likely to be
experiencing according to Piaget, Kohlberg, and Erikson
*Remember that this is a general guide and that you
are responsible for the material covered in class and