April Myers http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Roman_Republic Romans abolished monarchy in 509 B.C. Romans then established a republic, a government in which citizens elected representatives to rule. Republic was ruled by two consuls, elected annually by a senate of patricians. Patricians were upper class. Plebeians were lower class. Plebeians had virtually no say in government. Classes were strictly separated. http://schoolworkhelper.net/roman-societypatricians-merchants-artisans-slaves/ Eventually, plebeians began to demand more rights. 494 B.C.-First Secession of the Plebs: Plebeians established own assembly (Concilium Plebis) and began electing their own magistrates (Tribunes and Plebeian Aediles). 450 B.C.-TheTwelve Tables: First time laws of Roman Republic were written down. 445 B.C.-Classes permitted to intermarry. 367 B.C.-Consuls could be plebeians. 342 B.C.-Law passed making it mandatory that one of two consuls was a plebeian. 300 B.C.-Half of priesthoods must be plebeian. 287 B.C.-All laws passed in Concilium Plebis applied to whole Roman state. Created after plebeians threatened to secede in 494 B.C. Highlights: Table I-When someone is accused of a wrongdoing, both accuser and accused must be present for trial. Table III-Debtors get 30 days to pay off a debt. After that, creditor can seize debtor and make him/her his prisioner. Table IV-A person’s will is binding. Table VIII-Lists punishments for specific crimes. Table IX-Specifies capital punishment for judges who have taken bribes and for people who have committed treason. http://www.flickriver.com/photos/m rjennings/sets/1352195/ Raaflaub, K. A. (2008) The Conflict of the Orders in Archaic Rome: A Comprehensive and Comparative Approach, in Social Struggles in Archaic Rome: New Perspectives on the Conflict of the Orders, Expanded and Updated Edition (ed K. A. Raaflaub), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Malden, MA, USA. Erskine, A. (ed) (2009) Bibliography, in A Companion to Ancient History, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. . N.p.. Web. 21 Apr 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/civ/6a.asp>. McManus, Barbare. N.p.. Web. 21 Apr 2013. <http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/orders.html>. White, D.. N.p.. Web. 21 Apr 2013. <http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/twel vetables.htm>.