Early Republic, Conflict Between Classes, and Twelve Tables

April Myers
 Romans
abolished monarchy in 509 B.C.
 Romans then established a republic, a
government in which citizens elected
representatives to rule.
 Republic was ruled by two consuls,
elected annually by a senate of
 Patricians
were upper class.
 Plebeians were lower class.
 Plebeians had virtually no say in
 Classes were strictly separated.
 Eventually, plebeians
began to demand
more rights.
 494 B.C.-First Secession of the Plebs:
Plebeians established own assembly
(Concilium Plebis) and began electing
their own magistrates (Tribunes and
Plebeian Aediles).
 450 B.C.-TheTwelve Tables: First time
laws of Roman Republic were written
 445
B.C.-Classes permitted to intermarry.
 367 B.C.-Consuls could be plebeians.
 342 B.C.-Law passed making it
mandatory that one of two consuls was a
 300 B.C.-Half of priesthoods must be
 287 B.C.-All laws passed in Concilium
Plebis applied to whole Roman state.
Created after plebeians threatened to secede in 494
 Highlights:
Table I-When someone is accused of a wrongdoing,
both accuser and accused must be present for trial.
Table III-Debtors get 30 days to pay off a debt. After
that, creditor can seize debtor and make him/her his
Table IV-A person’s will is binding.
Table VIII-Lists punishments for specific crimes.
Table IX-Specifies capital punishment for judges
who have taken bribes and for people who have
committed treason.
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